Gender Participation and Commercialization of Smallholder Dairy Farming in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya
The women dairy farmers play crucial in dairy farming though they usually have limited access to land, financial resources and other resources for production. In developing countries, over 75% of the poor are rural smallholder producers who derive their livelihoods primarily from agriculture. Kenyan smallholder dairy producers constitute 80% of the dairy producers out of which 61% are women. Smallholder dairy producers produce about 80% of total milk production and 70% of the total milk marketed. Therefore, smallholder dairy producers have their livelihoods majorly dependent on dairy farming. Thus, commercializing smallholder dairy farming will be an important pathway out of rural poverty and will be a powerful tool for the improvement and sustainability of livelihoods of smallholder dairy producers. In Uasin Gishu County, the proportion of smallholder dairy producers in the commercialization scale is 70% subsistence, 20% semi-commercialized and 10% commercialized. This therefore, indicates that commercialization level is still low and variable. This may be contributed by the influences of gender participation in smallholder dairy farming. The objective of this paper therefore was to establish the influence of Gender participation on commercialization of smallholder dairy farming. Descriptive research design was used to obtain primary data through a sample size of 384 smallholder dairy producers who were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis procedures used includes: mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and multiple regressions. Results obtained indicate that gender participation has significant influence on commercialization of smallholder dairy farming. It is therefore recommended that the Government of Uasin Gishu County together with policy makers; planners; smallholder dairy producers and other relevant stakeholders in the dairy value chain in the County should formulate policies, strategies and design programs and projects that will address the influence of gender participation in order to achieve sustainable rural development in the County and Kenya.
Moses Ageya. Kembe,
Charles Ochola Omondi,
Gender Participation and Commercialization of Smallholder Dairy Farming in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2016, pp. 86-96.
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