The Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and its Associated Risk Factors Among Immigrant Tibetan Pre-School Children in Bylakuppe, Mysore, India
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 384-390
Received: Apr. 20, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 27, 2015; Published: May 9, 2015
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Authors
Madhusudan Kushalappa. Kaikure, Dept.of pedodontics and preventive dentistry, A J Institute of dental sciences, Mangaluru, India
Ann Thomas, Dept.of pedodontics and preventive dentistry, A J Institute of dental sciences, Mangaluru, India
Sowmya B. Shetty, Dept.of pedodontics and preventive dentistry, A J Institute of dental sciences, Mangaluru, India
Tony Jose, Dept.of pedodontics and preventive dentistry, Indira Gandhi dental college, Cochin, India
Raghavendra Pidamale, Dept.of pedodontics and preventive dentistry, A J Institute of dental sciences, Mangaluru, India
Savitha Lakshmi Kaikure, Dept. of oral and maxillofacial pathology, A J Institute of dental sciences, Mangaluru, India
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Abstract
Objectives: This study estimated the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and related risk factors in a population of immigrant Tibetan pre-school children in Bylakuppe of Mysore District; India. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in 500 pre-school children between 10 to 72 months of age in and around Bylakuppe of Mysore district; India; using II stage stratified random sampling. The caries experience was recorded using defs and the deft index. Information regarding risk factors for caries was obtained through a structured questionnaire given to mothers/caretakers. Statistical data analysis: The data was statistically analyzed by using “chi-square” test and “ANOVA” test. Results: The prevalence of ECC in the study sample was significantly high. It was 92.2% with the mean defs score of 10.27 and the mean deft score of 6.15 (p<0.001vhs).Higher prevalence of ECC was found, in children with bottle feeding, addition of sugar to bottle content and to regular food, in-between meal snacking habits and increase intake of sweets like chocolate, candies and toffees, lesser frequency of brushing and child brushing unassisted/unsupervised. Reports of regular visits to the dentist were almost absent in the study population. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the high prevalence of ECC in the study population. Development of strategies and protocols; to prevent and manage ECC, based on the risk factors identified for these population, is essential to curb this oral health problem.
Keywords
ECC, Caries Experience, Feeding and Dietary Practices, Oral Hygiene Practices, Regular Dental Visits, Socio-Economic Status
To cite this article
Madhusudan Kushalappa. Kaikure, Ann Thomas, Sowmya B. Shetty, Tony Jose, Raghavendra Pidamale, Savitha Lakshmi Kaikure, The Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and its Associated Risk Factors Among Immigrant Tibetan Pre-School Children in Bylakuppe, Mysore, India, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 384-390. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150303.23
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