Knowledge Attitude and Practice Towards Premarital Sex and HIV/AIDS among Mizan-Tepi University Students, South West Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 592-599
Received: Apr. 30, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;
Published: Jun. 16, 2015
Views 5886 Downloads 159
Zemenu Mengistie, Department of Medical Microbiology, MizanTepi University, MizanTepi, Ethiopia
Endalamaw Wolie, Department of Medical Microbiology, MizanTepi University, MizanTepi, Ethiopia
Enawgaw Abawa, Department of Medical Microbiology, MizanTepi University, MizanTepi, Ethiopia
Endris Ebre, Department of Medical Microbiology, MizanTepi University, MizanTepi, Ethiopia
Addis Adera, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Background: Pre-marital sex is any sexual activities with an opposite sex partners or a same sex before he/she has started a marriage life. The term is usually used to refer the inter course before the legal age of marriage. In the course of experimentation, adolescents often in counter high risk situation, as contracting STD /HIV/AIDS and often exposed to un intended pregnancy and illicit abortions. Objective: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude and practice towards premarital sex and HIV/AIDS among students who are attending in MizanTepi University. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from April 08-September, 08, 2014- in MTU, Mizan campus regular students. Stratified sampling technique were used after making strata based on Collage and sex proportion. This study using systemic random sampling. Data were collected by three Public Health interns, using self-administrated questionnaires. Students from each Collage were being explained about the objective and confidentiality of the study while distributing and collecting the questionnaires. Results: A total of 372 participants, 254(68%) were males and 118(32%) were females. All of the students know what cause HIV/AIDS; majority of them knew major transmission routes. Sexual transmission mentioned as a major routes transmission in our study by 281(75.5%) of students but knowledge was translated into practice as 133(35.6%) approved premarital sex and practiced it. Conclusion and Recommendation: The study participants have good knowledge of HIV/AIDS related to its cause, routes of transmission and also about preventive mechanism by this knowledge was not practiced. The study participants were citing religion as reason for not having premarital sex and this should include in their day to day teachings. The HIV/AIDS agenda should an agenda for everyone and families should discuss with the adolescents and adults.
Knowledge Attitude and Practice Towards Premarital Sex and HIV/AIDS among Mizan-Tepi University Students, South West Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 592-599.
Zerai Kassaye, Z (2005).Sexual experience and their correlates amongJU students Jimma Ethiopia. Heal Sci; 15(1): 1-17.
Zelalem Fekadu, casual sex –debuts among female students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, J. health Dev, 2001; 15(2): 109-116.
Fikadu A., Fikadu K(2000).. Creating a better future for Ethiopian youth. A conference on A and H. THE O and vid and (Luel) packord foundation. Bahir dar, Ethiopia Nov 6-9, 2000.
Fisseha Eshetu, attitudes of students, parents and teachers towards the promotion of condom for adolescents Eth. J, Heal. Dev, 1999; 11(1): 17-22, 2001.
Federal MOH of Ethiopia. December 20011; 1-2.
Anteneh Korra, Mesfine Haile, sexual behavior and level of awareness on reproductive health among youths, Evidence from Harara Eastern Ethiopia, Ethiopia J. heal Dev, 1999, 13(2); 107-113.
Harrison, Harrison principle of internal medicines 16th Ed.
UNAIDS, WHO, AIDS epidemic update, Dec 2004, 19-26.
Tffy N. Do young people and parents communicate on sexual matter? Eth. J, Heal. Dev, 1995 12(2); 152-156.
Gage, A.S and Meeker, D. sexual activity before marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa, Soc, B.O; 1993, 14-60.
Ismail’s, high risk behavior for STD/AIDS pregnancies and contraception among high school students in rural town, North West Ethiopia, Eth. J. Heal. Dev, 1997; 11(1) : 29-36.
Central Statistical Authority, Ethiopia Demographic health survey 2000, central statistical authority A.A, 1996; 10(1): 35-39.
G. Alene, J, Whelee and H. Gross Hurth. A adolescent reproductive health and awareness of HIV among rural high school students, North Western Ethiopia, AIDS care 16(1); 57-68.
Kidane G/Kidane, survey of condom use among college students Eth. J. Heal. Dev. 1995; 9(1); 7-11.
MOH, 2000, AIDS in Ethiopia, MOH.
Assefa S. and DessalegnW(2008). premarital sexual practice among school adolescents in high education level in Et. J, Health: 22(2).
Mulu, W., Abera, B., Mulat Yimer,M(2014). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on HIV/AIDS among Students of Bahir Dar University. Science Journal of Public Health. 2( 2): 78-86. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140202.16
Nyarko, K., Adentwi, KI., Asumeng , M., Ahulu,LD(2014). Parental Attitude towards Sex Education at the Lower Primary in Ghana. International Journal of Elementary Education. 3( 2): 21-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeedu.20140302.11
Horn of Africa, journal of AIDS, 2006; 1(11); 36.
Ahmed Abdulla, Reproductive study an abortion, Eth. J, Heal. Dec, 1996; 10(3); 167-170.
Federal ministry of health five year action plan document for adolescent RH in Ethiopia family health Department, Addis Ababa, 2001.
Assefa S., Dessalegn W. premarital sexual practice among school adolescents in Nekemte town, East Wolllega Ethiopia. J, Health Dev, 2008; 22(2).
Enngida Abebe, attitude and practice of premarital sex and knowledge of its risk as pre disposing to HIV/AIDS among JU students-2002, Jimma Ethiopia.