Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviour Among Preparatory School Students in Gurage Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia (A Cross-Sectional School Based Study)
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 330-341
Received: May 21, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 8, 2016; Published: Jul. 4, 2016
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Tadesse Gossaye Birru, WHO, Global PEI, Hyderabad, Pakistan
Mitikie Molla, DCH Department, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Yemane Berhane, Public Health Department, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Amenu Wesen, WHO, Global PEI, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tesfaye Chuko, Nutrition Department, UNICEF, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that young people in school are practicing risky sexual behavior. Ethiopian young people age 10 – 24 years have emerged as the segments of the population most vulnerable to a broad spectrum of serious sexual health problems including STI/HIV, unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion. Objectives: To identify factors determining risky sexual behavior among preparatory school students. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study design was employed among preparatory school students in Gurage zone (SNNPR) from May to June 2009. The study participants were selected using multistage sampling. A structured self administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. Results: A total of 418 participants with a response rate of 97.6% were enrolled in the study. A significant proportion of the participants 108(25.8%) were sexually initiated. About 66.6% of them were sexually active in the last one year. The overall condom use at first sexual debut was only 39.8%. Out of 108 sexually active students, 58(53.7%) had had multiple sexual practice. About 62% of the participants who practiced sex had history of sexually transmitted infection. Female students who engaged in sexual practice, 17(44.7%) encountered unwanted pregnancy and 16(94%) of them committed unsafe abortion, of which 4(25%) committed more than two abortion. Multivariate analysis showed age, poor parental attachment and substance use were significantly associated with risky sexual behavior of young students in school. Conclusion: The study has revealed that young people in preparatory schools, despite having good knowledge about their sexual health and its unwanted consequences, a significant proportion of them were found to be sexually at risk. Institutionalization of youth friendly service, condom promotion, open and regular discussion with main actor, and wide rage further studies seem to be compulsory.
Risky Behavior, Preparatory Student, Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health
To cite this article
Tadesse Gossaye Birru, Mitikie Molla, Yemane Berhane, Amenu Wesen, Tesfaye Chuko, Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviour Among Preparatory School Students in Gurage Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia (A Cross-Sectional School Based Study), Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 330-341. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.20
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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