The Effect of Family Planning Use on Household Economy at Arbaminch Town, Gamo Goffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 470-475
Received: Sep. 5, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2016; Published: Oct. 25, 2016
Views 4250      Downloads 196
Amsale Tekle Ergano, Institute of Public Management and Development Studies, Department of Economics, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Girma Azene, Department of Economics, Tulane University Technical Assistant Project-Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Mesfin Mamo, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arbaminch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Family planning (F/P) is a health measure which is regarded as cost –effective in the developing world. There is lack of empirical evidence that showed the effect of family planning use on the household’s economy in Ethiopia and particularly in the study area. Thus, this study was conducted with the objective of investigating the effect of family planning use on the household economy in Arbaminch town. A cross-sectional study with both quantitative and qualitative approach was employed among a sample of 368 women using F/P during the month of March 2013. A probability sampling technique was used to select the respondents. A pre-tested interviewer administered structured questionnaire and an interview guide was used to collect data on the effect of family planning use. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. Descriptive statistics, chi square test and binary logistic regressions were applied. Three hundred sixty eight women were included in this study making a response rate of 100%. Of all the respondents, the proportion of women who observed and reported the overall increase on household income attributed to the use of F/P was only 41.8%. The type of family planning method, the total number of children, the frequency of hospitalization and the reason for using family planning were some of the potential predictors of household income. Majority of clients had actually observed the effect of family planning in reducing their own fertility/family size. The long acting type of family planning method was identified as a factor affecting the overall household income. A strategy has to be designed to reach women who had less awareness about the effect of family planning in improving household economy. Policy makers and program planners should give due emphasis to the way how the coverage and utilization of long term family planning methods can be improved.
Type of F/Puse, Household Economy (Income), Binary Logistic Regression
To cite this article
Amsale Tekle Ergano, Girma Azene, Mesfin Mamo, The Effect of Family Planning Use on Household Economy at Arbaminch Town, Gamo Goffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 470-475. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.19
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Willard Cates Jr. et al., “Family Planning and the Millennium Development Goals,” Science 329, no. 5999(2010): 1603.
Karin R, et al, Integrating family planning and maternal and child health care: saving lives, money, and time, Population Reference Bureau, 2011.
Ministry of Finance Economy Development report on population, 2011.
The Transitional Government of Ethiopia, The population policy of The Transitional Government of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, 1993.
World Bank (2011) report.
C. Lloyd and S. Amin (1998). Women’s lives and fertility decline: Some lessons from Bangladesh and Egypt, Working Paper No. 117. New York: Population Council, 1998.
Lundberg, S., & Pollak, R. A. (2007). The American family and family economics. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Chala Wegi (2011). Agreement and concordance regarding fertility intention and family planning utilization between married couples in Dukem town, Oromia Special Zone (Unpublished).
Rhonda Smith et al. Family Planning Saves Lives, 4th ed. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2009.
James G and Maj-Lis V. Family Planning and Economic Well-Being: New Evidence from Bangladesh. Population Reference Bureau, 2009.
Shareen Joshi and T.paul Schultz (2012), Family planning and women’s and children’s health: long term consequences of an outreach program in Matlab, Bangladesh. IZA DP No. 6551.
Irwanto, Poerwandari EK, Prasadja H, et al. In the Shadow of Men: Reproductive Decision-Making and Women's Psychological Well-Being in Indonesia, Final Report for the Women's Studies Project. Research Triangle Park, NC: Atma Jaya Catholic University and Family Health International, 1997.
United Nations (2011) report on fertility, 2011.
Luaren S (2011). Family planning and maternal health: the effect of family planning on maternal health in the democratic republic of Congo.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186