Effect of an Educational Intervention About Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) on Changing Knowledge, Attitude and Blood Pressure of Hypertensive Patients Attending Zagazig University Hospitals
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 506-516
Received: Nov. 29, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 9, 2016; Published: Jan. 10, 2017
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Eman E. Orabi, Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig City, Egypt
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Background: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardio vascular illness and mortality all over the world. The burdens of hypertension can be significantly controlled and reduced by lifestyle modification and treatment adherence. DASH diet is proved to reduce blood pressure either alone or combined with other life style modification. Aim of the Study is to evaluate effect of an educational intervention about Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) on Changing knowledge, attitude and blood pressure of hypertensive Patients Attending Zagazig University Hospitals. Methodology: this study was an interventional study carried out in cardiology outpatient clinic in Zagazig University Hospitals. The sample included 132 hypertensive patients chosen by systematic random sampling. The patients were divided into two equal groups 66 patients in the intervention group (G1) and 66 patients in the control group (G2). Data were collected through interviewing questionnaire which cover socio demographic characteristics, knowledge and attitude toward DASH diet. Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between both groups in socio demographic characteristics, knowledge and attitude toward DASH before the intervention. There was significant improvement in all items of knowledge and attitude toward DASH in studied group 1 after application of health education sessions. There was significant reduction in blood pressure of studied group 1 after the intervention but there was no significant change in group 2. Conclusion: The health education program for hypertensive patients about DASH diet proved its success in improving their knowledge, attitude and reduction of their blood pressure level.
Hypertension, DASH Diet, Life Style Modification, Health Education
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Eman E. Orabi, Effect of an Educational Intervention About Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) on Changing Knowledge, Attitude and Blood Pressure of Hypertensive Patients Attending Zagazig University Hospitals, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 506-516. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.25
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