Caesarean Section and Associated Factors at Mizan Aman General Hospital Southwest Ethiopia
Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 37-41
Received: Apr. 24, 2014; Accepted: May 4, 2014; Published: May 20, 2014
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Authors
Hordofa Gutema, Bench Maji Zone, Mizan Aman General Hospital, Ethiopia
Ashenafi Shimye, Department of Epidemiology, Mekelle University, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: It is estimated that about 20 million cesarean section (CS) deliveries occur each year in the world. But, in least developed countries the rate of deliveries by CS is very few. Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess Factors associated with Caesarean section at Mizan Aman General Hospital Southwest Ethiopia. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted by reviewing medical record of mothers. The sample size was determined using single population proportion and total sample size was 354. The checklist was used for data collection by adopting from other articles. The data was entered into EPI info 7.1.0 and exported to SPSS version 17 then analyzed. Binary logistic regression was done. Odd ratio was used for interpretation of strength of prediction of the independent variable to the outcome cesarean section. For all statistical significance tests, the cut- off value set was p<0.05 with CI of 95%. Result: A total of 342 mother medical record was reviewed. Majority (39.2%) of them found between 20-24 with mean age of 23.1(+4.38). Majority (78.9%) of mother delivered through vagina while the remaining (21.1%) of them delivered by CS. Less number (32.3%) of them had ANC follow up for their current pregnancy, Maternal age, gestational age and the outcome of the new born have significant association with cesarean section. Conclusion and Recommendation: The rate of the cesarean section is high. Maternal age, gestational age and the outcome of the new born have significant association with cesarean section at the hospital. The rate of cesarean section at the hospital should be reduced.
Keywords
Cesarean Section, Associated Factors, Cross Sectional Study, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Hordofa Gutema, Ashenafi Shimye, Caesarean Section and Associated Factors at Mizan Aman General Hospital Southwest Ethiopia, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 37-41. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20140203.12
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