Assessment of Tanzanian and Regional Climate Change Related Policies Addressing Climate Change
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 145-152
Received: Sep. 24, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 13, 2015; Published: Oct. 24, 2015
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Authors
Josephat A. Saria, Environmental Studies, the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Noorali T. Jiwaji, Environmental Studies, the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Nangware K. Msofe, Environmental Studies, the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Kassim R. Mussa, Physical Science Department, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Sixbert S. Mwanga, Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA), University of Dares Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Ayoub J. Tegeje, Physical Science Department, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Innocent Messo, Environmental Studies, the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Brown Gwambene, Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA), University of Dares Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Noah M. Pauline, Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA), University of Dares Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Stella M. Shija, Environmental Studies, the Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Godfrey Bwana, Research on Poverty Alleviation, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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Abstract
The Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) revealed that climate change is real and is already happening at an unprecedented rate. This paper assessed how climate change and adaptation is mainstreamed into all relevant areas of public policies. This paper has been developed through a systematic review and analysis of Tanzanian and regional climate change related policies and strategies in order to understand the current status of climate change policies and strategies and how they influence adaptability and resilience by small scale farmers in the country. We found that even though most of the policies have touches to environmental related matters, only few policies have clear provisions on issues pertaining to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Despite all these potentials, there are however a number of constraints to the implementation of activities stipulated in the policy and development programmes to attain sustainability. In Tanzania, climate change has emerged as one of the critical environmental challenges likely to undermine country-level efforts to achieve sustainable development. Occurrences of severe droughts which have hit most parts of the country, prevalence of crop pests and diseases, which have been reported to be increasing and posing more challenge to agriculture, are evidently leading to food insecurity and water scarcity. Thus, integrating climate change risks into government policies requires more flexible, preventive and forward-looking approaches and will involve legal, institutional and policy changes. For example, climate change adaptation could be facilitated through greater use of market-based instruments such as efficient water pricing and water markets, and risk-based insurance for properties, floods and droughts.
Keywords
Climate Change, Vulnerability, Smallholder Farmers, Policies
To cite this article
Josephat A. Saria, Noorali T. Jiwaji, Nangware K. Msofe, Kassim R. Mussa, Sixbert S. Mwanga, Ayoub J. Tegeje, Innocent Messo, Brown Gwambene, Noah M. Pauline, Stella M. Shija, Godfrey Bwana, Assessment of Tanzanian and Regional Climate Change Related Policies Addressing Climate Change, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 145-152. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150305.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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