Impact of Treatment in Drinking Water Quality at Pannaipatti Purification Plant, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages: 19-25
Received: May 16, 2016; Published: May 19, 2016
Views 4730      Downloads 122
Thamaraiselvi V. Pitchaimani, Research Centre of Zoology, Jayaraj Annapackiam College for Women, Periyakulam, Theni District, Tamilnadu, India
Nirmala Thivayanathan, Research Centre of Zoology, Jayaraj Annapackiam College for Women, Periyakulam, Theni District, Tamilnadu, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Water quality is one of the most important criteria to ascertain its suitability for human consumption. An investigation was undertaken to study the physical and chemical properties of untreated and treated drinking water at Pannaaipatti purification plant, Theni District, Tamil Nadu. The physico chemical parameters such as pH, total alkalinity, total hardness, turbidity, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, dissolved oxygen, total dissolved solids and conductivity were analysed. The water samples were clear and odourless. All the parameters of the water samples were within the permissible limit as prescribed by the standard water quality parameters for drinking. Comparatively alkalinity, hardness, chloride, chlorine and total dissolved solids of the treated water were higher than the untreated water. Though all the parameters were within the standard permissible limit for drinking, some of the micro nutrients such as fluoride, magnesium and iron concentration were not recorded.
Untreated and Treated Drinking Water, Physicochemical Parameters, Water Quality, Purification Plant, Theni District
To cite this article
Thamaraiselvi V. Pitchaimani, Nirmala Thivayanathan, Impact of Treatment in Drinking Water Quality at Pannaipatti Purification Plant, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India, Hydrology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2016, pp. 19-25. doi: 10.11648/j.hyd.20160402.12
S. T. Efe, “Urban warming in Nigerian cities”. The case of warri metropolis, African Journal of Environmental Studies 2002, vol. 2, 2, pp. 6-7.
S. Parimala R. Jaganathan S, Geetha and S. Balasubramaniam, “Statistical correlation between dissolved oxygen levels and environmental factors in a tropical lakes”, J. Ecobiol., 1994, vol. 6, 4, pp. 265-270.
M. N. Naganandini, and S. P. Hosamani., “Ecology of certain inland waters of Mysore district, Occurrence of Cyanophycean bloom at Hosakere lake, Pollution Research”, 1998, 17, 2, pp 123-125.
K. Patel Niroj and B. K. Sinha, “Study of the pollution load in the Ponds of Burla area near Hirakund dam at Orissa”, Journal of Environmental pollution, 2000, 5, 2, pp. 157-160.
B. B. Ghose and A. K. Basu, “Observation on estuarine pollution of Hoogly by the effluents from a chemical factory complexat Reshase, West Bengal. Env. Health.” 10: 1968., pp. 209-218.
D. P. Gupta Sunita and J. P. Saharan “Physiochemical Analysis of Ground Water of Selected Area of Kaithal City (Haryana) India”, Researcher, 1996, vol. 1, 2, pp. 1-5.
P. R. Patil, K. S. Patil and A. D. Dhande “Studies on drinking water quality in Bhusawal corporation water supply”, Int. J. Environ. Protec, 2002, vol. 22, 2, pp. 161-164.
R. P. Matur Singh, and Mathur, P. (2005), Investigation of Variation in Physico-Chemical Characteristics of a Fresh Water Reservoir of Ajmer city, Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Environmental Science, 9, pp 57-61.
R. K. Trivedi A. Y. Khatavkar Kulkarni and A. C. Shrotri, “Ecology and pollution of River Krishna in Maharashtra”, Ministry of Environment and Forests”, Government of India 1990.
M. B. Iskandar “The effectiveness of biofilter as a treatment for domestic wastewater”, University Malaysia Pahang (thesis), 2010.
UNEP. Global Environmental Outlook. United Nations Environment, 2000.
U. K. Mohapatra, and B. C. Singh, Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 1999, vol. 41, 2, pp. 115–120.
A. Khan, Bhatnagar and R. Saxena, “An introduction of Bhopal Lakes”. In S. K. Kulshreshtha (Ed.), Proc. nat. symp. present, past and future of Bhopal lakes, 1988, pp. 7–10.
WHO “Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality”. First Addendum to 3rd Edition, vol. 1. Geneva. Bacteriological and Physico-Chemical Quality of Main Drinking Water Sources Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2013, Vol. 22, 3, pp. 825-830.
R. M. Atlas and R. Bartha “Microbial ecology: Fundamentals and Applications”, 3rd Edition, Redwood city, Benjamin, 1993.
WHO “guidelines for drinking water quality” 2nd edition. Recommendation. World Health organization Geneva, 2009, 1, pp. 30-113.
D. J. Rapport, C. Gaudet and P. Calow, “Evaluating and monitoring the health of large ecosystems”, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidd berg. New York, USA, 1995.
N. Johnson C. Revenga and J. EcheVeria “Managing water for People and Nature”. Science 2001, vol. 292, pp. 1071–1072.
DEAT – “Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism”, Inland water – factors affecting availability and water quality 2005.
C. J. Vorosmatry, P. Green, J. Sahsbury and R. Lammers, “Global water resources vulnerability from climate change and population growth” Science, 2000, 289 5477: pp. 284-288.
World commission on Dams and development: “A new framework for decision making”. The report of the world commission on Dams. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London. 2000.
C. J. Vorosmatry, and D. Sahagian, “Anthropogenic disturbance of terrestrial water cycle”, Bioscience, 2000, 50, 9: pp. 753-765.
S. Postal, B. D. Richter and R. W. John, “Rivers for life: Managing water for people and Nature”. Island Press Washington D. C, 2003.
R. Singh, Archives of Applied Science Research., 2011, vol. 3, 1, pp. 444-449.
E. E. Geldreich, “The Bacteriology of Water”. In: Coller, L., Balows, A. and Sussman, M. editors. Topley and Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 2005, 9th ed. pp 351-363.
A. I. Hart, N. Zabbey, “Physicochemical and benthic fauna of Woji Creek in the Lower Niger Delta, Nigeria”. Environ. Ecol. 2005, 23, 2: 361-368.
WHO-Water Sanitation and Health. “Water related diseases”, 2003.
P. Pavan Kumar Pindi, Raghuveer Yadav, Ashwitha Kodaparthi, “Bacteriological and Physico-Chemical Quality of Main Drinking Water Sources”, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. Vol. 22, 2013, pp. 3 825-830
G. F. Crown, “Water-borne Diseases in the United States”. CRC Press, Inc, 1986.
E. Wanda, D. C. Jerry and A. M. Beverly, “Bacterial in Drinking Water”, 2006.
Basavaraja Simpi, S. M. Hiremath, K. N. S. Murthy, “Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters Hosahalli Tank in Shimoga District", Karnataka, India, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 2011, 11, 3.
APHA “Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater”, 17thed. Washington, DC, American Public Health Association, 2005.
K. L. Prakash and R. K. Somashekar, “Groundwater quality Assessment on Anekal Taluk, Bangalore Urban district, India” J. Environ. Biol., 27, 2006. pp. 633-637.
T. Nirmala, P. Pavatharani and M. R. Delphine Rose, “World Quality Assessment in Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India”, J. Aqua., Biol., 2010, 25, 1, pp. 66-68.
M. R. Delphine Rose, T. Chitravalli, A. Jayaseeli, T. Nirmala and A. Thaddeus, “Physico chemical status of ground water in Dindigul district, Tamilnadu” Aquacult., 2007, Vol. 8, 1, pp. 133-137.
A. Jayaseeli, K. S. Priya, M. R. Delphine Rose, T. Nirmala and M. Narayanan, “Critical analysis of ground water quality of Nilakkotai taluk of Tamilnadu”, India. J. Curr. Sci., 2006, Vol. 9, 2, pp. 931-934.
Akaka and Thombre, Physico chemical parameters of drinking water samples at Buldona District, M. Sc. Thesis, 2006.
P. Pavendan, S. Anbuselvan and C. Sebastian rajasekaran, “Physico Chemical and microbial assessment of drinking water from different water sources of Tiruchirappalli District, South India”, Pelagia Research Library European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2011, Vol., 1, 1, pp. 183-189.
P. O. Edimeh, Eneji, I. S., Oketunde, O. F. and R. Shaato, “Physico-chemical parameters and some Heavy metals content of Rivers Inachalo and Niger in Idah, Kogi State”, Journal Chemical Society Nigeria, 2011, Vol., 36, 1, pp. 95-101.
A. Ezeribe, I. Oshieke, K. C. and A. Jauro, “Physico Chemical Properties of Well Water samples from some villages in Nigeria with cases of stained and mottle teeth”, Science World Journal, 2012, Vol., 7 No 1 pp. 1-3.
N. G. Anil Kumar, S. Bhawsar, S. Khandelwal, S. Sherebano. S. Sakir, S. Ahuja, M. Pathak, R. K. Hanote, S. R. Gayakwad and K. Khasdeo, “Physico-Chemical Parameters Apply to Analysis of Drinking Water from some selected area of Betul District, Madhya Pradesh”, 2013, Vol. 3, 4, pp. 1109-1114.
Karthikeyan M. 1, Elango K. P. “Chemometric Analysis of Water Quality Parameters of Dindigul District- A Seasonal Variation Study”, Int. J. Res. Chem. Environ. 2015, 5, 2 pp. 44-54.
C. H. Srinivas, Piska Ravi Shankar, C., Venkateshwar, M. S. Satyanarayana Rao, and R. Ravider Reddy, “Studies on ground water quality of Hyderabad” Pollution Research, 19 (2), 2000, pp. 285–289.
P. Arul, “A text book of ground water Dhanam Agency, Tamil Nadu, India”, 2000.
G. AchuthanNair, A. I. Mohammad. and M. M. Fadiel, “Physico– Chemical parameters and correlation coefficients of groundwater of North-East Libya”. Poll. Res., 24 (1): 2006, pp. 1-6.
A. Pund Dinesh and P. Ganorkar Rajesh, “Study of Some Physicochemical Parameters of Drinking Water Sources in Tembhurkheda and Jarud Region Dist. Amravati, MS, India”, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 2, 10, 2013, pp. 93-95.
Neetu Saxena and Harinder Kaur. “Evaluation of ground water quality of Bareilly city”, Jr. Indus. Pollution control. 2003, Vol. 19, pp. 169-174.
S. K. Sharma and C. P. Singh Chandel, “A study on the ground water pollution of Amer and Bharath blocks of Jaipur district, Rajasthan”, Aquacult., 2005, Vol., 6, pp. 197-204.
Adhena Ayaliew Werkneh, Belay Zimbelachew Madhanit, Angaw Kelemework Abay and Jemal Yimer Damete, “Physico chemical analysis of dirnking water quality at Jigjiga City, Ethiopia”, American Jounal of Environemtal Protection Vol. 4, 1, (2015), pp. 29- 32.
Tamrakar Chirika Shova, Evalution of Physico chemical characteristics of Drinking Water Supply in Kathmandu, Nepal, Res. J. Chem. Sci. Vol. 4, 4, 2014, pp. 33-36.
M. A. Shivasankaran, “Hydro geochemical assessment and current status of pollutants in ground water of Pondicherry region”, South India, Ph.D. Thesis, Anna University, Chennai. 1997.
Ashish Kumar and Yohendra, “Water Quality of River Kosi and Rajera System at Rampur” Journal of Chemistry, 2013, pp. 1-4.
M. O. Aremu, O. Olaofe, P. P. Ikokoh, and M. M. Yakubu, “Physicochemical characteristics of strem, well and borehole water soures in Eggon, Nasarawa State, Nigeria”, Journal Chemical Society Nigeria, 2011, Vol., 36, 1, pp. 131-136.
C. Balamurugan, R. Sivakumar, “The seasonal variation of water quality parameters in Vaigai River at Madurai, Tamilnadu, India”, International Journal of Computer & Organization Trends 2015, Vol. 19, pp. 2249-2593.
J. W. Robert, Water Clinic Nitrate, Sulphates. Retrieved 5 June, 2006.
Sivamanikandan and John, “Impact of physic chemical parameters on bacterial population in Mullaiperiyar River wter Theni dististict, Tamilnadu, India”, African Journal of Microbiology Research, Vol. 9, 1, 2015, pp. 26-32.
S. Niham Ali Khan and A. Mohamed Nazar, “Studies on the Fresh water inflows and Hydrographic variables in the Vaigai Reservoir Theni District, Tamil Nadu”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, 2013, vol. 4. pp. 1-10,
G. Vanitha. M. Shunmugavelu, “Hydrochemistry and Environmental Status of Vaigai River Water in Tamil Nadu, India”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 2, Issue 5, 2012, pp. 1942-1946.
O. J. Muegge, “Physiological effects of heavily chlorinated drinking water”, Journal of the American Water Works Association, 1956, 48, pp. 1507-1509.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186