Survey of Sarcocystis Species Infection in Slaughtered Goats in Makurdi Metropolis
International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 4-8
Received: Dec. 13, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 4, 2017; Published: Jan. 23, 2017
Views 2907      Downloads 103
Faith Odije Okita, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Happiness Igwe Obadiah, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Kalemba Terlumun Gyegweh, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Adaobi Augustina Okonkwo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
John Aza Azatyom, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
The emerging zoonotic infection caused by Sarcocystis species is becoming a serious public health problem for animal rearers .This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Sarcocystis species infection in slaughtered goats at some selected abattoirs in Makurdi metropolis. Histological investigation was carried out using Haematoxylin and Eosin (H and E) as the staining agent on the tissue samples of heart (21), oesophagus (191) and tongue (183) from 224 goats. The results showed that, out of the 224 goats examined, 84(37.50%) were observed to be infected with Sarcocystis species. Morphologically some appeared round, ovoid or globular while others were elongated, spindle-shaped that tapered at one end. Infection related to sex showed that females had higher (83.33%) rate than males (16.67%).With respect to infection due to age, 9.52, 28.57 and 61.91% for ages 1-2 years, 2-3 years and above 3 years respectively were noted. Sex and age of the animals were not determining factors of the infection (P>0.05).There was significant difference in prevalence of infection in the three muscular tissues examined, with oesophagus having the highest (63.10 %) followed by the tongue (34.52%) and heart being the least (2.38%) (P< 0.05). The presence of two distinct microscopic cyst shapes (elongated, spindle-shaped that taper at one end and the round, oval or globular form) prompts the need for further research to ascertain species-specific associated with this parasite in goats and other animals in Nigeria.
Abattoir, Goats, Sarcocystis Spp
To cite this article
Faith Odije Okita, Happiness Igwe Obadiah, Kalemba Terlumun Gyegweh, Adaobi Augustina Okonkwo, John Aza Azatyom, Survey of Sarcocystis Species Infection in Slaughtered Goats in Makurdi Metropolis, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 4-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20170201.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
L. D. Singla and P. D. Juyal. Sarcocystosis. In: Zoonosis: Parasitic and Mycotic Diseases, Garg SR (Ed), Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 235-250, 2014.
A. Heckeroth and A. M. Tenter. Sarcocystosis. In Ortega-Mora LM, Gottstein B., Conraths F. J., Buxton D; pp172-232, 2007.
N. D. Levine and W. Tadros. Named species and hosts of Sarcocystis. Journal of Systematic Parasitology, 2: 41-59, 1977.
K. Odening. The present state of species-systematics as in Sarcocystis. Journal of Systematic Parasitology, 4:209-233, 1988.
J. P. Dubey. A review of Sarcocystis of domestics animals and of other coccidian of cats and dogs. Journal of Veterinary Association, 169: 1061-1078, 1989.
J. P. Dubey, C. A.Spee and R. Fayer. Sarcocystosis of animals and man. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida. P. 215, 1989.
R. Fayer. Sarcocystis species in Human Infections. Journal of Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 17(4): 894-902, 2004.
B. S. Sandhu, R. S. Brar, L. D. Singla, H. Singh, and A.P.S. Brar. Sarcocystis in alveolar tissue of buffalo lungs. Indian Journal Veterinary Pathology, 19(1): 53, 1995.
A.M. Dafedar. Prevalence of sarcocystosis in goats slaughtered in abattoir in Bangalore, Karnataka State. Journal of Veterinary World, 1: 335-337, 2008.
A. C. Kudi, A. O. Aganga, V. C. Ogboguand J.U. Umoh. Prevalence of Sarcocystis species in sheep and goats in Northern Nigeria. Journal of Medical Veterinary Medicine, 44(1): 59-60, 1991.
P. A. Damboriarena, C. S. Silveira, M. Morais, and B. L. Anjos. Natural Sarcocystis gigantean Infection in Sheep from Southern Brazil. Ciencia Rural, Santa Maria, 46(7): 1229-1233, 2016.
S. Shekarforoush, S. M. Razavi and S. A. Dehghan. Prevalence of Sarcocystis species in slaughtered goats in Shiraz, Iran. The Veterinary Record, 156: 418-420, 2005.
U. V. Shastri. Sarcocystisinfection in goats in Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 67: 70-71, 1990.
M. Woldemeskeland F. Gebreab. Prevalence of sarcocysts in livestock of Northwest Ethiopia. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Journal of Parasitology, 43(1): 55-58, 1996.
H. S. Hussein and M. Warrag. Prevalence of Sarcocystis in food animals in the Sudan. Journal of Tropical Animal Health and Production, 23(3): 123-128, 1985.
M. N. Abo-Shehada. Age variation in prevalence of sarcocystosis in sheep and goats in Northern and Central Jordan. Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 27(1): 135-140, 1996.
M. D. Mohammed, F. Saeid, and N. A. Ehsan N. A. Survey of Sarcocystisinfection in slaughtered goats in Kerman abattoir, South-east of Iran. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10(9): 1205-1208, 2011.
P. Petras and B. Dalius. Protozoan parasites from genus Sarcocystis and their investigations in Lithuania. Ekologija, 58(1): 45–58, 2012.
G.W. Gill. Gill heamatoxylin, first person account. Journal of biotechnic and Histochemistry, 84(4): 1-12, 2009.
B. Martínez-Navalón, B. Anastasio-Giner, M. Cano-Fructuosol, P. Sanchez-Martínez, A. Llopis-Morant, B. Perez-Castarlenas, E. Goyenaand E. Berriatua. Sarcocystisinfection: A Major Cause of Carcass Condemnation in Adult Sheep in Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(2): 388-392, 2012.
M. G. Fiori and H. E. Lowndes.Histochemical Study of Sarcocystis species Intramuscular Cysts in Gastrocnemius and Soleus of the Cat. Parasitology Research, 75: 123-131, 1988.
I. N. Obijiaku, I.Ajogi, J. U. Umoh, I. A. Lawaland B. O. Atu. SarcocystisInfection in slaughtered cattle in Zango abattoir, Zaria, Nigeria. Veterinary World, 6(6): 346-349, 2013.
M. Arun, E. Placid, A. Souza and G. Puttalakshmamma. Prevalence of Sarcocystosis in Goats slaughtered at an abattoir in Bangalore, Karnataka State. Center of Advanced Studies, Department of Parasitology, Veterinary College, Herbal, Bangalore. Journal of Veterinary World, 1(11): 335-337, 2008.
K. D. Gillis. Naturally Occurring Sarcocystis Infection in Domestic Cats (Felis catus). Thesis In the Graduate School of The University Of Florida. pp 1-53, 2003.
F. G. Claveria, M. R. San-Pedro Lim, J. E. Tan and M. J. Flores-Cruz. Sarcocytis capracanis infection in Philippine Domestic Goats (Capra hircus) ultrasound studies. Philippine Journal of Science, 133(1): 33-37, 2004.
S. I. Gokpinar, K. I Yildizand I. S. Gurcan. Prevalence and Concentration of Sarcocystis spp. Microscopic Cysts in Sheep Muscles Using Percoll Gradient Centrifugation. Israel Journal of VeterinaryMedicine, 69 (1), 2014.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186