Basic Interactions in Black Hole Cosmology
American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 6-17
Received: Dec. 8, 2013; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
Views 3517      Downloads 168
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri, Hyderabad-35, AP, India
S. Lakshminarayana, Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
By highlighting the 12 major shortcomings of modern big bang cosmology and reinterpreting the cosmic redshift as a galactic atomic emission phenomenon, the authors made an attempt to develop a possible model of Black hole cosmology in a constructive way. Its validity can be well confirmed from a combined study of cosmological and microscopic physical phenomena. It can be suggested that, there exists one variable physical quantity in the presently believed atomic and nuclear physical constants and “rate of change” in its magnitude can be considered as a “standard measure” of the present “cosmic rate of expansion”. The characteristic nuclear charge radius, inverse of the Fine structure ratio, the characteristic reduced Planck’s constant seem to increase with cosmic time and there will be no change in the magnitude of Planck's constant. At any cosmic time, ’Hubble length’ can be considered as the gravitational or electromagnetic interaction range. With this idea, independent of the reduced Planck’s constant, inverse of the Fine structure ratio can be fitted in a cosmological approach. At any cosmic time, the product of ‘critical density’ and ‘Hubble volume’ gives a characteristic cosmic mass and it can be called as the ‘Hubble mass’. Schwarzschild radius of the ‘Hubble mass’ again matches with the ‘Hubble length’. Most of the cosmologists believe that this is merely a coincidence. Here the authors emphasize the fact that this coincidence is having deep connection with cosmic geometry and the cosmological and microscopic physical phenomena. In this model, forever rotating at light speed, high temperature and high angular velocity small sized primordial cosmic black hole of mass gradually transforms into a low temperature and low angular velocity large sized massive primordial cosmic black hole.
Big Bang Model, Black Holes, Mach’s Principle, Fundamental Interactions, Final Unification
To cite this article
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, Basic Interactions in Black Hole Cosmology, American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 6-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaa.20140201.12
Mustapha Ishak, Remarks on the Formulation of the Cosmological Constant/Dark Energy Problems, Found Phys, 37,pp 1470–1498, 2007.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana. Microscopic Physical Phenomena in Black Hole Cosmos Rotating at Light Speed. Prespacetime Journal. October 2013, Volume 4, Issue 9, pp. 884-922.
Zhang, Tianxi. Cosmic microwave background radiation of black hole universe. Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 330,Issue 1, pp 157-165. (2010).
Poplawski, N. J. Radial motion into an Einstein-Rosen bridge. Physics Letters B 687 (23): 110-113. (2010).
Pourhasan R, Afshordi N and Mann R.B. Did a hyper black hole spawn the universe? Nature - International weekly journal of science. 13 September 2013, doi:10.1038/nature.2013.13743, arXiv: 1309. 1487v2.
Hawking S.W. A Brief History of Time. Bantam Dell Publishing Group. 1988
Hawking, S.W.; Ellis, G.F.R. (1973). The Large-Scale Structure of Space-Time. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20016-4.
Hubble E. P, A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae, PNAS, 1929, vol. 15, 1929, pp.168-173.
Hubble, E.P, The 200-inch telescope and some problems it may solve. PASP, 59, pp153-167, 1947.
Pathria, R. K. The Universe as a Black Hole. Nature 240 (5379):298-299.doi:10.1038/240298a0 (1972).
Good, I. J. Chinese universes. Physics Today 25 (7): 15. July. doi:10.1063/1.3070923 (1972).
Poplawski, N. J. The universe as a black hole in isotropic coordinates.arXiv:0901.0215v1.
Zhang, Tianxi. A New Cosmological Model: Black Hole Universe. Progress in Physics, 3: 3-11, (2009).
Zhang, Tianxi. Quasar Formation and Energy Emission in Black Hole Universe. Progress in Physics, 3: 48-53, (2012).
Joel Smoller and Blake Temple. Shock-wave cosmology inside a black hole. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. September 30; 100(20): 1121611218. (2003).
Andy Gardner, Joseph P. Conlon. Cosmological natural selection and the purpose of the universe. Complexity Volume 18, Issue 5, pages 48-56, May/June 2013
Chul-Moon Yoo et al. Black Hole Universe. Time evolution. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 161102(2013).
Poplawski, N. J. Energy and momentum of the Universe.arXiv:1305.6977v1.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana. Black hole Cosmos and the Micro Cosmos. International Journal of Advanced Astronomy, 1 (2) (2013) 37-59.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam. Physics of rotating and expanding black hole universe. Progress in Physics. April, p 7-14, (2010).
U.V.S. Seshavatharam. The Primordial Cosmic Black Hole and the Cosmic Axis of Evil. International Journal of Astronomy, 1(2): 20-37, (2012).
U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana. The reduced Planck’s constant, Mach’s principle, cosmic acceleration and the Black hole universe. Journal of Physical Science and Application 2 (10) (2012) 441-447.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, B.V.S.T. Sai. Unified Concepts in Cosmic, Atomic and Nuclear Physics.Global Journal of Science Frontier Research ( A ) Volume XIII Issue I Version I Year 2012
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, Hubble Volume and the Fundamental Interactions, International Journal of Astronomy, Vol. 1 No. 5, 2012, pp. 87-100.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, B.V.S.T. Sai. Is red shift an index of galactic‘atomic light emission’ mechanism? International Journal of Physics, Vol. 1, No.3, 49-64, (2013).
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, B.V.S.T. Sai. Nucleus, Atom and the Universe a combined study. International Journal of Advanced Astronomy, 1 (1) , 1-12 (2013).
Seshavatharam U.V. S. and Lakshminarayana. To confirm the existence of Black hole cosmology. International Journal of Advanced Astronomy, 2 (1), 21-36, 2013
Michael J. Longo, Detection of a Dipole in the Handedness of Spiral Galaxies with Redshifts z 0.04, Phys. Lett. B 699, 224-229 2011.
S.-C. Su and M.-C. Chu. Is the universe rotating? Astrophysical Journal, 703 354. 2009.
J. D. McEwen et al. Bayesian analysis of anisotropic cosmologies: Bianchi VIIh and WMAP.Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 1–15 (2013). arXiv:1303.3409v1.
L. M. Chechin. On the Modern Status of the Universe Rotation Problem. Journal of Modern Physics, 2013, 4, 126-132.
C Sivaram and Kenath Arun, Primordial Rotation of the Universe, Hydrodynamics, Vortices and Angular Momenta of Celestial Objects. The Open Astronomy Journal, 2012, 5, 7-11
Sidharth, B.G. Is the Universe Rotating? Prespacetime Journal. October 2010, Vol. 1, Issue 7, pp. 1168-1173.
Marcelo Samuel Berman, Fernando de Mello Gomide. Local and Global Stability of the Universe. Journal of Modern Physics, 2013, 4, 7-9
Robert V Gentry. New Cosmic Center Universe Model Matches Eight of Big Bang’s Major Predictions Without The F-L Paradigm. CERN preprint, EXT-2003-022, 14 Apr 2003.
G. Chapline et al. Tommy Gold Revisited: Why Does Not The Universe Rotate? AIP Conf.Proc.822:160-165, 2006.
Dmitri Rabounski. On the Speed of Rotation of Isotropic Space: Insight into the Redshift Problem. The Abraham Zelmanov Journal, Vol. 2, 2009, 208-223.
Kurt Godel. Rotating Universes in General Relativity Theory. Proceedings of the international Congress of Mathematicians in Cambridge, 1: 175-81, 1950.
S.W. Hawking. On the rotation of the universe. Mon. Not. Royal. Astr. Soc. 142, 129-141.1969.
M. Novello and M. J. Reboucas. Rotating universe with successive causal and noncausal regions. Phys. Rev. D 19, 2850-2852 (1979)
Barrow J D, Juszkiewicz R, Sonoda DH. Universal rotation - How large can it be? Mon Not R AstronSoc 1985; 213: 917.
M. Surdin. The Rotating Universe. Physics Essays: September 1995, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 282-284.
Christopher S. Reynolds. Astrophysics: Black holes in a spin. Nature. 494, 432–433 (28 February 2013)
U. V. S. Seshavatharam. Light speed rotating black holes: The special holes. International Journal of Advanced Astronomy. 1 (1), 13-20 (2013).
Marmet. A New Non-Doppler Redshift. Physics Essays, 1(1):24–32, 1988. Online
Louis Marmet. On the Interpretation of Red-Shifts: A Quantitative Comparison of Red-Shift Mechanisms.
U. V. S. Seshavatharam and S. Lakshminarayana. Is Planck’s constant a cosmological variable? International Journal of Astron-omy, 2(1): 11-15 DOI: 10.5923/j.astronomy. 20130201.02 (2013).
Recami E. Elementary Particles as Micro-Universes, and "Strong Black-holes": A Bi-Scale Approach to Gravitational and Strong Interactions. Preprint NSF-ITP-02-94. posted in the arXives as the e-print physics/0505149, and references therein.
Geiger H and Marsden E. On a diffuse reaction of the particles. Proc. Roy. Soc., Ser. A 82: 495-500, 1909.
H. Yukawa. On the Interaction of Elementary Particles. Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jap. 17 (48). 1935
Michael O. Distler et al. The RMS Charge Radius of the Proton and Zemach Moments. Phys. Lett.B. 696: 343-347,2011
P. J. Mohr and B.N. Taylor, CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants.2007.
C. L. Bennett et al, Nine-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Final Maps and Results. Submitted to Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series.
J. Huchara. Estimates of the Hubble Constant, 2010. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. http://hubble.plot.dat
W. L. Freedman et al. Final Results from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project to Measure the Hubble Constant. The Astrophysical Journal 553 (1): 47-72. 2001.
J. Beringer et al. Particle Data Group. Phys. Rev. D86, 010001 (2012)
J.K. Webb et al. Indications of a spatial variation of the fine structure constant. Physical Review letters, 107 (19) 2011
Jon O'Bryan et al. Constraints on Spatial Variations in the Fine-Structure constant from Planck.
Roy Chowdhury et al. Modified Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula with isotonic shift and new driplines. Mod. Phys. Lett. A20 (2005) p.1605-1618
W. D. Myers et al. Table of Nuclear Masses according to the 1994 Thomas-Fermi Model.(from
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186