Design and Construction of a 2.5 Kva Photovoltaic Inverter
American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2016, Pages: 7-12
Received: Oct. 4, 2016;
Accepted: Nov. 2, 2016;
Published: Dec. 21, 2016
Views 7488 Downloads 144
Ekwuribe J. Michael, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Nigeria
Uchegbu E. Chinenye, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Nigeria
Follow on us
The epileptic nature of power generation via hydro and thermal sources in Nigeria has given rise to source alternate forms of power generation. The power supply situation is so erratic that some communities are cut off for days, weeks, or months in a bid to ration the low supply from the nation’s grid. This gap, period of no supply or cut off from the grid, is what this paper will solve by way of designing and constructing an alternate source using solar power for household use. The design and construction of the unit, a solar powered 2.5KVA inverter was achieved by using a 21/400 turns wound transformer, an SG3524N PMW fixed frequency voltage regulator controller, MOSFET transistors,five80W/18Asolar panel, three200AH deep cycle battery, and a charge controller to monitor the output of the battery for safety. The battery is connected to the inverter circuit to generate 220V alternating current in its output via a step-up transformer. The inverter uses the SG 3524N IC chip fixed frequency Pulse–Width-Modulator (PMW) Voltage regulator controller. The designed oscillation period is set at 50% duty cycle or 0.02 seconds to match the frequency of loads connected to it. From table of results; the inverter was able to maintain stability for 4 hours when a refrigerator and other loads up to a 2000W were connected to it. But at peak sunshine and the solar panel tilted 0o relative to the roof inclination, the inverter output for the same load lasted longer hours.
KVA, PWM, SG3524N, MOSFET, Photovoltaic, Power Factor
To cite this article
Ekwuribe J. Michael,
Uchegbu E. Chinenye,
Design and Construction of a 2.5 Kva Photovoltaic Inverter, American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2016, pp. 7-12.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Photovoltaics – Design and Installation Manual (2010), New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, Canada.
Cameron De Agelis et al (2010): Low Cost Pure Sine Wave Solar Inverter Circuit. Project Funded by Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G), The State University of New Jersey (RUTGERS).
Ekwuribe J. Michael (2013): Fuel-less Generator - The next Generation Engine. Paper Presentation: Federal Ministry of Education, 2nd Exhibition, Aba (Unpublished).
Matthew Brown et al (2010), Intelligent DC-AC/PC Power Inverter. New Mexico Tech’s Junior Design Class, EE Dept NMT. Mexico.
Eze I. S. (2014): A book on Solar and other Renewable Energy Technologies, National Centre for Energy Research and Development UNN, Nigeria.
Nasar A. (2001): A Technology for Helping to Alleviate the Energy Problems: Solar Energy for Cooking and Power Generation. Paper Presented at the 3rd Annual Engineering Conference of FUT, Minna, Nigeria.
Idusuyi, N. T; Pentinrin, M. O; et al: Utilization of Solar Energy for Power Generation in Nigeria; International Journal of Energy Engineering.
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy. (October 2015), pp. 0.001225, 1245; Vol. 6, Number 4 ITSEAJ (ISSN 1949-3029).
Longwap U. S., Usman I. H. et al. (2010): Design and construction of a 3KVA Inverter Using PWM-Scheme Incorporating Voltage Protection Circuits and Battery Level Indicator. Thesis presented to Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology Department. School of Engineering Technology, Almadu Bello University, Zaria.
Literature about Batteries: http://www.magnacharge.com
SG3524 Function – Regulating Pulse Width Modulators (STMicroelectronics)http://file.datasheet.netdna-cdn.com/pdf/sg3254-pdf/271355
IRFP260N Function – Power MOSFET (International Rectifier)http://file.datasheet.netdna-cdn.com/pdf/irfp260n-pdf/547484