International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 56-63
Received: May 14, 2016;
Accepted: Jun. 3, 2016;
Published: Jun. 20, 2016
Views 3028 Downloads 102
Saad Flaih Hassan, Directorate of Agricultural Researches, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
Shadha Abdulhasan Ahmed, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Layla Ismail Mohammed, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Musaab Abdulelah Yasir, Ministry of Education, Vocational Education Directorate, Baghdad, Iraq
A field trial was conducted at Experimental Field of Field Crop Department of College of Agriculture-Abu-Graib during 2011 and 2012 seasons to investigate the effect of potassium level in growth, lint yield and its components of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivar Lashata was grown under abundance and deficit water conditions. Split plot arrangement with randomized complete block design was used with three replicates. Irrigation intervals occupied main plots (Irrigation weekly and each two weeks) while potassium levels (0, 220, 280, 340, 400 kg k2O5/ha) occupied subplots. The statistical analysis showed superiority of irrigation at two weeks of seed cotton yield (3.75 t/h), number of open bolls per plant (20.47), number of sympodium per plant (19.65 and 17.27), ginning percentage (37.47) and water use efficiency (0.38 kg/m3). There were significant effect of potassium in traits. The level 340 kg K2O5/ha was gave the highest seed cotton yield (3.87 t/ha) due to attained the highest number of open bolls (29.25 bolls per plant for first season and gave 3.71 t/ha at 280 kg K2O5/ha due to higher boll weight (3.57 g) for second season. It could be conclude irrigation at two weeks with apply 280 kg K2O5/ha hadk attained the highest seed cotton and ginning percentage to reduce water requirements of cotton in central region of Iraq.
Saad Flaih Hassan,
Shadha Abdulhasan Ahmed,
Layla Ismail Mohammed,
Musaab Abdulelah Yasir,
Response of Cotton to Potassium Levels Under Water Regime, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 4,
2016, pp. 56-63.
Boyer, J. S. 1982. Plant productivity and environment. Science. 218: 443-448.
Blum, A. 1986. Breeding crop varieties for stress environments. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 2: 199-237.
Flexas, J., J. M. Escalona, H. Medrano, 1999. Water stress induces different levels of photosynthesis and electron transport rate regulation in grapevines. Plant Cell Environ. 22: 39-48.
Schulze, E. D. 1986. Carbon dioxide and water vapor response to drought in the atmosphere and in the soil. Annu. Rev. Plant Phys., 37: 247-274.
Bradow, J. M., Davidonis, G. H. 2000. Quantitative of fibre quality and the cotton production-processing interface: A physiologist’s perspective. J. Cotton Sci. 4: 34-64.
Pettigrew, W, T. 2008. Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean and cotton. physiologia plantarum (131): 670-681.
Blevins, D. G. 1985. Role of protein in protein metabolism in plants. pp. 413-424. In Potassium in Agriculture. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin.
Hoagland, D. R. 1948. Lectures on the inorganic nutrition of plants. Chronica Botanica Waltham, Massachusetts. pp. 48-71.
Evans, H. J. and G. J. Sorger, 1966. Role of mineral elements with emphasis on univalent cations. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 17: 47-76.
Humble, G. D. and Raschke, K. 1971. Stomatal opening quantitatively related to potassium transport. Plant Physiology, 48: 447-453.
Epstein, E. 1972. Mineral nutrition of plants: Principles and perspectives. Wiley, New York.
Cassman, K. G., Roberts, B. A. Kerby, T. A. Bryant, D. C. and D. C. Higashi, D. C. 1989. Soil potassium balance and cumulative cotton response to annual potassium additions on a vermiculitic soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53: 805-812.
Adeli, A., and J. J. Varco, 2002. Potassium management effects on cotton yield, nutrition, and soil potassium level. J. Plant Nutr. 2, 2229-2242.
Saparov, A., Eleshev, R., Suleimenov, B., Peskovki, G., Shcherbakov, A. 2013. Effect of Potassium Chloride Application for Rice, Cotton and Potato in the Irrigated Zone of Kazakhstan. Better Crops with Plant Food. 97, 23-25.
Yagmur, B., A. Gurel, Y. Oren, B. Izci, A. Edreva, H. Hakerlerler, S. Hayta, H. Akdemir and L. Yildiz-Aktas. 2014. Effect of different drought applications and potassium doses on cotton yield and fiber quality. J. Agric. and Environ. Management. 3 (1): 60-67.
Xia, Y., Jiang, C. C., Chen, F., Lu, J. W., Wang, Y. H. 2011. Differences in growth and potassium use efficiency of two cotton genotypes. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 42, 132-143.
Abood, M. A., O. A. Ahmed and A. S. Mehdi. 2014. Effect of potassium fertilizer, deficit irrigation and organic matter on cotton tolerance to drought. Dyalla J. of Agric. Sci. 6 (1): 202-214.
Mohammed, L. I. 2011. Cotton: from growing to ginning. Technical Bulletin. State Board of Agricultural Extension and cooperation-Ministry of Agriculture.
Kwaiz, G. M., S. Abdulsattar and D. S. Bea. 1977. Index of Crop irrigation at central region of Iraq Unit of water requirement researches.
Altaeef, N. I. and I. K. Alhadathy. 1988. Irrigation Principles and its applications. Minsitry of Higher education and Scientific Research. University of Baghdad. Pp: 434.
Riahinia, S. H. 2003. Evaluation of water stress in corn, sunflower, Cotton and bean. M. Sc. thesis of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
Al-Khirllah, M. A. Y. 2012. Response of some cotton varieties and hybrids consulted for two irrigation. A thesis. College of Agric. Univ. of Baghdad.
Essa, T. A. 1990. Physiology of Crop Plants. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. University of Baghdad (Translated).
Soomro, A. R. 2000. Heterosis studies in intraspecific crosses of Gossypium hirsutum L. J. of Scientific and Industrial Research. 43 (6): 363-366.
Oad, F. C., A. A. Lakho, A. Soomro, N. L. Oad, G. Q. Chandio, and Z. A. Abro. 2001. Partial economic analysis of cotton for water saving and potential yield. Pakistan Journal of Applied Sci. 1 (3): 335-336.
Onder, D., Y. Akiscan, S. Onder and M. Mert. 2009. Effect of different irrigation water level on cotton yield and yield components. African Journal of Biotechnology 8 (8): 1536-1544.
Elian, B. j. 2002. An integrated expert system for cotton irrigation scheduling. Transaction at the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 53: 1722-1729.
Alishah, O. and A. Ahmadikhah. 2009. The effect of drought stress on improved cotton varieties in golesatn province of Iran. International Journal of Plant Production. 3 (1): 17-26.
Mahmood, Y. N. 2004. Response of some cotton genotypes (Gossypium hirsutum L.) for different irrigation interval after flowering. M. Sc. thesis. College of Agriculture. University of Tikrit.
Mutar, H. K. A. 1985. Effect of irrigation interval and plant density on lint yield and quality for cocker 310 cotton variety. M. Sc. thesis. College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad.
Honey, B. J. 2003. Impact of quality on the profitability of irrigated cotton production on the Texas height plains. National Cotton. J. (1): 216-222.
Siddiqui, M. H., F. C. Oad and U. A. Buriro. 2007. Response of cotton cultivars to varying irrigation regimes. Asian Journal of Plant Sci. 6 (1): 153-157.
Hameed, R. M. and M. A. Abood. 2010. Effect of irrigation intervals after flowering and nitrogen fertilizer in growth and yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Daylia Agricultural Science. 2 (2): 177-186.
Lee, Y. Sh. 2003. Improving water use efficiency of irrigated crops in the north China. Indian. J. 88: 272-298.
Sahito, A., Z. A. Baloch, A. Mahau, S. A. Otho, S. A. Kalhoro, A. Ali, F. A. Kalhoro, R. N. Soomro and F. Ali. 2015. Effect of water stress on the growth and yield of cotton crop (Gossypium hirsutum L.). American Journal of Plant Siences, 6: 1027-1039.
Waseem, M., A. Ali, M. Tahir, M. A. Nadeem, M. Ayub, A. Tanveer, R. Ahmad and M. Hussain. 2011. Mechanism of drought tolerance in plant and its management through different methods. Continental J. Agric. Sci. 5 (1): 10-25.
Wang, X., I. Mohamed, Y. Xia and F. Chen. 2014. Effect of water and potassium stress on potassium utilization efficiency of two cotton genotypes. J. of Soil Sci. and Plant Nutrition. 14 (4): 833-844.
Fusheing, L. 2006. Potassium and water interaction. International Work Shop Soil Potassium and K Fertilizer Management. Agric. Coll. Guangxi Univ. 1-32.
Umar, S. 2006. Alleviating adverse effects of water stress on yield of sorghum, mustard and groundnut by potassium application. Pak. J. Bot., 38 (5): 1373-1380.
Gonzalez, M. B., O. Arquero, J. M. Fournier, D. Barranon and M. Benlloch. 2007. K-starvation inhibits water stress induced stomatal clousure. J. of Plant Physiology. 165 (6): 623-630.