The Adjusting Comparison between Iranian & Japanese Garden with an Approach Ecological Psychology
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 1, Issue 1, July 2015, Pages: 1-8
Received: Jul. 3, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 24, 2015;
Published: Jul. 25, 2015
Views 5686 Downloads 104
Zahra Tabatabaei, Department of Art and Architecture, Natanz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Natanz, Iran
Zahra Abbasi, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Mostafa Azarbad, Department of Art and Architecture, Natanz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Natanz, Iran
Follow on us
In many cultures especially in Iranian & Japanese culture there is some special coherence between human & nature. Iranian & Japanese garden was one of the main models of garden making in the world and it had a firm union by cultural and climatic properties of people. In this article, by reviewing these two gardens from aspect of ecological cognizance we want to know properties and main elements of these two gardens and how these could influence human and where, s the human place in it. Due to the ecological approach, capability of anything is combination of its physical and environmental characteristic, which is singularly harmonize with creature, s action and feeling system. Macrocosm organized of different palms (and areas) which one apparel and hides another one. And whenever you have to move in the circuit you can cognize it. Both the regions of Iranian and Japanese garden create common perception. In the both of models, there exist evergreen trees, autumn, fruit and flowers with some differences. Also, trees have normal form but in the Iranian garden planting have a geometrical array which is harmonized with available paths and water, whereas in the Japanese garden it is not so. In this project, realized that Iranian garden as the perfect sample, has complete cognitional sequence and human can raise his position in the Iranian garden by more growth and knowledge.
Environmental Cognition, Japanese Garden, Iranian Garden, Ecological Psychology
To cite this article
The Adjusting Comparison between Iranian & Japanese Garden with an Approach Ecological Psychology, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2015, pp. 1-8.
Shahcheraghi Azade. Atemn and Winter 2009. Analysis cognisance process of Iranian gardens space, according to ecological psychology theory.
Ardalan, Nader and bakhtiar, Laleh.2001. Feeling Iranian architecturer mystical tradition .T: Hamid Shahrokh. First edition .Esfahan: soil
Naema, Gholamreza.2001. Iranian gardens. Tehran: Payam Publications.
Vilber, Donald. 2003. Iranian gardens and granges. T: Mahindokht Saba. Tehran: Sientific and Cultural Publications.
T-Hal, Edward. 2006. Cryptic phase. T: Manuchehr Tabibian. Tehran: Tehran University Publications.
Ansary, Mojtaba .1998.Spaciman of symbolic declaration. Tehran: Sorush.
Khansary Mahdi Moghtader, Mohammad reza and Yavari Minuish. 2001. Iranian garden as a symbol of paradise. Aran consultant engineers.Tehran: Cultural Heritage and Tourism Publications.
Hosseiny Sahar. December 2001. Nature of Japanese traditionah view. Manzar Internet Jornal. Number 10.
Samiee Kave. 2003 .Harmonic analysis of Iranian and Japanese cultural conceptions. (Designing Iranian and Japanese cultural gardens). Master thesis. Tarbiat Moderres University.
Motedayen. Heshmatollah. 2006. Collection articles of first Iranian gardens congress. Tehran 52-55.
Khorramshahy – Bahaodin, Hafeznameh, Sientific and Cultural Publications Company.1999.
Iranian Danesh Sorush. Islamic architecture publications – Mohammad Karim 2008, Pirnia, -Tehran University, Third publication – Chapfar – Einy Alireza.
Wayemberg, J. Bring, M. (1981). Japanese Gardens: Design and Meaning -McGraw-Hill.
Panzaru, O. (2007). Symbolic elements and aesthetic values of the complex traditional Japanese garden, Lucrari Stiintifice, Universities de Stiinte Agricole Si Medicina Veterinara "Ion Ionescu de la Brad" Iasi, Seria Agronomie, Vole: 50, Issue: 3, PP.469-474
Van Tonder, Gert J. and Lyons, Michael J. (2005). Springer. Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design, (http://www.kasrl.org/axiomathes.pdf.)
Moynihan, Elizabeth B. (1982). Paradise as a Garden: In Persia and Mughal India. London: scalar press.