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Effects of Nitrates and Some Ecological Factors on Soil Macroinvertebrate Communities Inhabiting El-Minia Governorate, Egypt
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2016, Pages: 49-59
Received: Jun. 25, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2016; Published: Aug. 4, 2016
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Authors
Ahmad Hamed Obuid-Allah, Department of Zoology, Faculty of science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Nasser Abd El-lateif El-Shimy, Department of Zoology, Faculty of science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Zeinab Abd El-khalek El-Bakary, Department of Zoology, Faculty of science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Mostafa Helmy Al-Sayed, Department of Environment Research, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Al-Shimaa Mohammed Adel, Department of Environment Research, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract
Soil invertebrates play a significant role in improving soil structures. Man uses nitrogenous fertilizers to improve growth of cultivated lands and provide plants with nutrients. The intensive addition of fertilizers accumulates soil nitrate which affects soil fauna. This investigation was designed to study the effects of nitrate concentration in the soil and some ecological factors on the soil macroinvertebrates inhabiting different agricultural lands at El-Minia governorate. Six sites were chosen for this study. Samples of soil and invertebrates were collected monthly during a period of one year extended from December 2013 till November 2014 using pitfall traps. The study revealed the occurrence of twenty six taxa in the investigated sites. The density of each taxon obviously varied in each site according to the season. The majority of collected macroinvertebrates assigned to phylum Arthropoda. The most dominant species at all sites belonged to order Isopoda then Orthoptera. Higher density of macroinvertebrates was recorded during spring and summer compared to their relevant numbers during winter and autumn. All collected macroinvertebrates exhibited negative correlation with nitrate concentration of soil in their habitat, especially isopods that showed strong significant correlation.
Keywords
Nitrate Concentration, Macroinvertebrates, Survey, El-Minia Governorate
To cite this article
Ahmad Hamed Obuid-Allah, Nasser Abd El-lateif El-Shimy, Zeinab Abd El-khalek El-Bakary, Mostafa Helmy Al-Sayed, Al-Shimaa Mohammed Adel, Effects of Nitrates and Some Ecological Factors on Soil Macroinvertebrate Communities Inhabiting El-Minia Governorate, Egypt, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 49-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20160102.14
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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