American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 77-85
Received: Mar. 22, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 7, 2015;
Published: Apr. 21, 2015
Views 1920 Downloads 447
Edwin Zong, Medicine Department, Oasis Medical Group Inc., Bakersfield, California, USA
The big bang is the greatest event happened in the universe; it is unthinkable that such event left no trace in space; we must be blindfolded by something. In this paper, the author will point out what to look for so that we won’t miss out on the Universe greatest show. Few will argue our matters are all made from particles. The positional energy or orbiting energy/gravitation power unifies our matter and particles, because particles possess orbiting power as well when they are coupled. The mystifying gravitation as some sort of supernatural phenomenon (e.g. space-time or gravitational particle) misleads our entire generation since Newton expired. The findings of strong gravitational lensing by Sgr A* indicate gravitation power/energy exist in the center of our milky way, though it is invisible. The presence of energy equal presence of mass (M= E/C², C² is constant). However, current perception of particles can be massless e.g. gauge bosons, the photon and the gluon which create a centerpiece of confusion when we come to study dark matter and origin of the universe. In this paper, the author will explain why all particles possess mass which is supported partially by 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics- the Higgs mechanism, which gives mass to fundamental particles. In this paper, the author will pave a clear road map for how to study our fundamental particles, particular Gamma Ray. Furthermore, the author will explain the reasons that dark matter/black hole is made from gamma ray nucleosynthesis or gamma ray photosynthesis! The author will explain the reasons that our current background cosmic ray/gamma ray originated directly from a big bang (for most part)! Other than gravity, the author will further explain how emulsion plays role in merging of galaxies which maybe mystified as dark energy. The Newtonian Physics will unite all science branches. The particle physics will lead artificial intelligence to its terminal end in the universe civilization of all kind! The primary objective of this study is to uncover the real mechanic of dark matter, big bang and evolution process of the universe in the discipline of basic physics.
The Real Universe II, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 77-85.
Valencia, G. (1992). "Anomalous Gauge-Boson Couplings At Hadron Supercolliders". AIP Conference Proceedings 272: 1572–1577
Zong, E. (2014) One universe, endless cycles
Zong, E. (2011) Understanding of Universe, Time, Odds and Environment
Kumar, K. N. P.; Kiranagi, B. S.; Bagewadi, C. S. "Hawking Radiation-A Augmentation Attrition Model".
Ghez, A. M.; Salim, S.; Hornstein, S. D.; Tanner, A.; Lu, J. R.; Morris, M.; Becklin, E. E.; Duchêne, G. (May 2005). "Stellar Orbits around the Galactic Center Black Hole". The Astrophysical Journal 620 (2): 744–757. ar Xiv:astro-ph/ 0306130. Bibcode: 2005ApJ...620..744G. doi:10.1086/427175
Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A.; Barrio, J.; Bernlohr, K.; Borst, H.; Bojahr, H.; Bolz, O.; Contreras, J.; Cortina, J.; Denninghoff, S.; Fonseca, V.; Gonzalez, J.; Gotting, N.; Heinzelmann, G.; Hermann, G.; Heusler, A.; Hofmann, W.; Horns, D.; Iserlohe, C.; Ibarra, A.; Jung, I.; Kankanyan, R.; Kestel, M.; Kettler, J.; Kohnle, A.; Konopelko, A.; Kornmeyer, H.; Kranich, D.; Krawczynski, H.; Lampeitl, H. (2001). "The TeV Energy Spectrum of Markarian 501 Measured with the Stereoscopic Telescope System of HEGRA during 1998 and 1999". The Astrophysical Journal 546 (2): 898. Bibcode: 2001ApJ...546.. 898A. doi:10.1086/318321
NASA'S Fermi Telescope Unveils a Dozen New Pulsars http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/GLAST/news/dozen_pulsars.html
Cosmos Online – New Kind of pulsar discovered (http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/news/2260/new-kind-pulsar-discovered)
Croswell, Ken (1991). "Boron, bumps and the Big Bang: Was matter spread evenly when the Universe began? Perhaps not; the clues lie in the creation of the lighter elements such as boron and beryllium". New Scientist (1794): 42. Archived from the original on 7 February 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
Copi, Craig J.; Schramm, DN; Turner, MS (1995). "Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and the Baryon Density of the Universe". Science 267 (5195): 192–99. arXiv: astro-ph/9407006. Bibcode: 1995Sci...267..192C. doi:10.1126/science.7809624. PMID 7809624.
Hinshaw, Gary (15 December 2005). "Tests of the Big Bang: The Light Elements". NASA/WMAP. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
Hoyle, F. (1946). "The synthesis of the elements from hydrogen". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 106: 343–83. Bibcode: 1946MNRAS.106..343H. doi:10.1093/mnras/106.5.343
Knauth, D. C.; Knauth, D. C.; Lambert, David L.; Crane, P. (2000). "Newly synthesized lithium in the interstellar medium". Nature 405 (6787): 656–58. doi:10.1038/35015028. PMID 10864316.
Mashnik, Stepan G. (2000). "On Solar System and Cosmic Rays Nucleosynthesis and Spallation Processes". arXiv: astro-ph/0008382 [astro-ph].
Kansas Geological Survey (4 May 2005). "Age of the Earth". University of Kansas. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
Olson JM (May 2006). "Photosynthesis in the Archean era".Photosyn. Res. 88 (2): 109–17. doi: 10.1007/s11120-006-9040-5. PMID 16453059.
Buick R (August 2008). "When did oxygenic photosynthesis evolve?". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 363 (1504): 2731–43. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0041. PMC 2606769. PMID 18468984