Iodine Deficiency in Shendi Area in River Nile State, Northern Sudan
European Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 193-196
Received: Oct. 10, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2015; Published: Nov. 19, 2015
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Authors
Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Departmentof Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan
Esam-eddin Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Departmentof ENT, Faculty of Medicine, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan
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Abstract
The study was conducted to assess iodine status of Shendi area inhabitants by determination of urinary iodine excretion of Shendi basic school children. Shendi area was divided into four geographical zones according to the difference in water sources.353pupils were included in the study. Most of cases (68.6%) showed a urine iodine concentration between 10 - 30 µg/dl (normal). 7.9% of cases had urinary iodine excretion more than 30 µg/dl (above normal) and 23.5% of children were suffering from iodine deficiency; 16.4% of them had mild iodine deficiency, 4.5% of pupils showed moderate iodine deficiency and 2.6 % had severe iodine deficiency according to WHO, 2001 standard. The high urinary iodine excretion was in the east of Shendi (23.40 ± 30.64 µg/dl) and the low urinary iodine excretion was in the north of Shendi (13.86 ± 3.88 µg/dl).Analysis of water samples from study zones showed some minerals which are goitrogenic such as fluoride and nitrate.
Keywords
Shendi Area, Iodine, Goitrogenic
To cite this article
Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Esam-eddin Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Iodine Deficiency in Shendi Area in River Nile State, Northern Sudan, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 193-196. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20150306.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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