Reaction of Men to Breast-Implants of Women
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 172-178
Received: Oct. 2, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 19, 2016; Published: Nov. 9, 2016
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Authors
Katharina Grundmann, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Science & Medical University, Hamburg, Germany
Klaus Hoffmann, Klinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie der Ruhr Universität, St.-Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Erich Kasten, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Science & Medical University, Hamburg, Germany
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Abstract
Goal of this study was the investigation of men’s attitudes toward breast-implants of women. It was examined which opinion men have in regard to artificial filled breasts and whether a preference for big breasts exists, even if the breasts are filled with an implant. A questionnaire was developed, which registered men’s opinions concerning breast-implants; it included 12 items on a Likert Scale; mostly the items were bi- or unipolar, others were asked as open text. The inner consistency of the items was Cronbach's Alpha = 0.741. For the investigation of personality factors the Freiburger Personality Inventory (FPI-R) was used. These questionnaires were published via SosciSurvey, and spread through distribution in social networks. The original sample of n=109 included exclusively male persons between 18-54 years. After use of exclusion criteria, ultimately 81 sets of data were evaluable. Results showed that most men have a preference for big breasts (p<0.01); but this was not valid for artificial enlarged breasts - here many participants had a neutral attitude and the difference between the number of supporters and opponents was not significant (p-values between 0.11 and 0.92). The status of the relationship and the duration of being a single had no relation to the attitudes toward female breast-implants. The hypothesis that men without a partner are more willing to accept breast-implants than men in a relationship rendered only p-values between 0.56 and 0.96 (n.s.). Even the hypothesis "The longer the duration of being single, the higher the acceptance of breast-implants" showed only non-significant p-values between 0.28 and 0.84. Moreover, the classification of the own attractiveness (p=0.297, n.s.) as well as the score on the extraversion-introversion scale did not affect the attitude toward breast-implants (p=0.346, n.s.). The here presented data show that about half of men nowadays accept artificial enlarged breasts in women. Most distributions had multiple summits, i.e. the participants could be divided in (a) supporters, (b) opponents and (c) a neither/nor group to whom the girl behind the breast is more important. Whether a man is able to accept breast-implants in his girl-friend seems to be a very stable attitude, which is hardly influenced by personality dimensions. Even the duration of a life without a female partner has no significant impact on this attitude.
Keywords
Mamma Augmentation, Breast Enlargement, Breast Implants
To cite this article
Katharina Grundmann, Klaus Hoffmann, Erich Kasten, Reaction of Men to Breast-Implants of Women, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 172-178. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20160406.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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