Reviews of Smallholder Farmers Market Participations Decisions and It Intensity in Ethiopia
American Journal of Management Science and Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 51-55
Received: Mar. 13, 2020;
Accepted: Aug. 5, 2020;
Published: Sep. 21, 2020
Views 216 Downloads 100
Anuto David Ojulu, Department of Agricultural Economics, Gambella University, Gambella, Ethiopia
Ethiopian economy is highly dependent on agricultural sector which account for about 38.8% of national GDP, 87% of export earnings and remains the main source of employment; generating 72.7% of total employment. The market participation is a key precondition for transformation of the agriculture sector from subsistence to commercial production. Thus, empirical evidence of smallholder farmers’ participation in the market has been extensively considered for variety of agricultural products. This article reviews was based on narrative qualitative of the existed empirical literature on the market participation decision and it intensity in Ethiopia. In addition, journals, thesis, published journal, articles, government report and dissertation papers were used to satisfy the objective the article. Thus, much of the studies used econometric model to examine the factors determining and the market intensity in Ethiopia on different commodity. Therefore, several factors were revealed to have an influence on farmers’ market participation decision and it intensity. Thus, factors range from social-economic, institutional, market and external factors. Therefore, the policy makers and planners of government and NGOs must be considering when set their policy and strategy of market participation and it intensity improvement in Ethiopia.
Anuto David Ojulu,
Reviews of Smallholder Farmers Market Participations Decisions and It Intensity in Ethiopia, American Journal of Management Science and Engineering.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2020, pp. 51-55.
Abafita, J., Atkinson, J. and Kim, C.-S. 2016. Smallholder commercialization in Ethiopia: market orientation and participation. International Food Research Journal. 23 (4): 1797-1807.
Adam Bekele and Dawit Alemu. 2015. Farm-level determinants of output commercialization: In haricot bean based farming systems. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 25: 61-69.
Alelign Ademe, Belaineh Legesse, Jema Haji, Degye Goshu. 2017. Smallholder farmers’ crop commercialization in the highlands of eastern Ethiopia. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 20 (2): 30-37.
Alene, A. D., Manyong, V. M., Omanya, G., Mignouna, H. D., Bokanga, M. and Odhiambo, G. 2008. Smallholder market participation under transactions costs: Maize supply and fertilizer demand in Kenya. Food Policy, 33: 318–28.
Aman Tufa, Adam Bekele, and Lemma Zemedu. 2014. Determinants of smallholder commercialization of horticultural crops in Gemechis district, West Hararghe zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9 (3): 310-319.
Arias, P, Hallam, D, Krivonos, E and Morrison, J. 2013. Smallholder integration in changing food markets: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
ATA (Agricultural Transformation Agency). 2015. Annual report on agricultural transformation agenda.
Barrett, C. 2008. Smallholder market participation: Concepts and evidence from eastern and southern Africa. Food Policy, 34: 299-317.
Benjamin A. 2013. Market participation of smallholder farmers in the Upper West region of Ghana. MSc. Thesis submitted to University of Ghana, Legon.
Efa Gobena, Degye Goshu, Tinsae Demisie, and Tadesse Kenead. 2016. Determinants of market participation and intensity of marketed surplus of teff producers in Bacho and Dawo districts of Oromia State, Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7 (1): 2222-1700.
Ele, I. E., Omini, G. E., Adinya, B. I. 2013: Assessing the extent of commercialization of smallholding farming households in cross river state, Nigeria, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), pp. 49-55.
Firdisa Birru. 2016. Determinants of smallholder farmers’ participation decision in teff production: Evidence from Horo and Jimma Geneti Woreda, Ethiopia. Developing Country Studies, 6 (10): 2224-607.
Gebreslassie Hailua, Kebede Manjureb and Kiros-Meles Aymutc. 2015. Crop commercialization and smallholder farmers` livelihood in Tigray region, Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 7 (9): 314-322.
Geoffrey S. Muricho, Damiano K. Manda and Fredrick O. Sule. 2015. ‘Determinants of agricultural commercialization and its impacts on welfare among smallholder farmers in Kenya’. Published PhD dissertation, Nairobi, Kenya.
Geremew Kefyalew. 2012. Analysis of smallholder farmer’s participation in production and marketing of export potential crops: The case of sesame in Diga district, east Wollega zone of Oromia Regional State. An MSc Thesis presented to the Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Key, N., Sadoulet, E. and de Janvry, A. 2000. Transactions costs and agricultural household supply response. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 82 (2): 245-59.
Mignouna B. M., Abdoulaye T., Akinola A. A., Kamara A. Y., and Olouch M. 2016. Understanding market participation choices and decisions of maize and cow pea farmers in Northern Nigeria. Tropicultura, 34 (1): 26-29.
Moono L. 2015. An analysis of factors influencing market participation among smallholder rice farmers in Western Province, Zambia. An MSc. thesis submitted to University of Nairobi, Nairobi.
Osmani G, and Hossain E. 2015. Market participation decision of smallholder farmers and its determinants in Bangladesh. Economics of Agriculture. UDC: 631.1.017.3: 339.3 (549.3).
Salami, A., Kamara, A. B. and Brixiova, Z. 2010. Smallholder agriculture in East Africa: Trends, constraints and opportunities. Working Papers Series No. 105, African Development Bank, Tunis, Tunisia.
Tadele Melaku and Ashalatha, D. 2016. Determinants of teff and wheat market supply in Dendi district, West Shoa zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Current Research, 8 (10): 40716-40721.
Tigist Mekonnen. 2017. Agricultural intensification and market participation small-scale agriculture, Maastricht University and UNU-MERIT.
Tollens, E. F. 2006. Market information systems in sub-Sahara Africa challenges and opportunities. Poster paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Gold Coast, Australia.
UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 2015. Smallholder farmers and sustainable commodity development. Commodities and development report, New York and Geneva.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). 2015. Ethiopia: Key economic and social indicators. UNDP Ethiopia’s Policy Advisory Unit, No. 2.
Von Braun, J. 1995. Agricultural commercialization: Impacts on income and nutrition and implications for policy. Food Policy, 20 (3): 187-202.
Wondifraw Zerihun, James Wakiaga, and Haile Kibret. 2016. African Economic Outlook, Ethiopia.