American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 56-63
Received: Sep. 4, 2017;
Accepted: Sep. 23, 2017;
Published: Nov. 2, 2017
Views 2682 Downloads 77
Oscar Daniel Franco Conforti, Department of Criminal Law and Department of Restorative Justice, School of Law, University Center of Baja California, Tijuana, Mexico
One of the fields in which conflict mediation is developing is on the Internet where it will, no doubt, become one more tool used to resolve conflict, regardless of the nature of the dispute, whether internet related or not. The legal framework in Spain allows us to clearly differentiate On-Line Mediation from other online dispute resolution (ODR) methods. This article reviews the state of on-line mediation, and further defines what is meant by electronic mediation and also proposes certain parameters for the On-line Restorative Justice Process.
Oscar Daniel Franco Conforti,
From e-Mediation to On-line Restorative Justice in Criminal Law, American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2017, pp. 56-63.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
European Union. (2008). Directive 2008/52/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council, May 21st, 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters. European Union Official Journal, Strasburgo, May 24th, 2008. L. 136, pp. 3–8. Available on Internet at <http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/;jsessionid=SQsnTGGQCkyHvdGVLGw7PmzLpX8TPR7TfGRgGzcQJvRv8ThLw4L4!794013655?uri=CELEX:32008L0052>. [Visited: May 28th, 2014].
Spain. (2012). Law 5/2012, of July 6, on Mediation in Civil and Commercial Matters (the “Mediation Act”), was published in the Official Gazette of the Spanish State on July 7th, 2012 and entered into force on July 27, 2012. Available on Internet at <http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2012/07/07/pdfs/BOE-A-2012-9112.pdf>. [Spanish version, visited: May 28th, 2014].
(2013). Royal Decree 980/2013, of December 13th, for develop certain aspects of Law 5/2012, of July 6th, mediation in civil and commercial matters (the “Regulation Act”). Available on Internet at <http://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2013-13647>. [Spanish version, visited: May 28th, 2013].
Damaska, M. R. (2000). The Faces of Justice and State Authority: A Comparative Approach to the Legal Process, (original title published in Chile: “Las caras de la justicia y el poder del estado: análisis comparado del proceso legal.”) Santiago de Chile: Editorial Jurídica de Chile.
Conforti, O. D. F. (2014b). 'Impact of effective judicial protection on the model of conflict mediation in Spain' in Confluencia Magazine: analysis, experiences and conflict management. (title original: ‘Impacto de la tutela judicial efectiva sobre el modelo de mediación de conflictos en España’ en Revista Confluencia: análisis, experiencias y gestión de conflictos”). Bogotá, nº 10, pp. 125-154.
Katsh E., Rifkin J. and Gaitenby A. ‘Ecommerce, e-disputes, and e-disputes resolution: In the shadow of “eBay law”’. Ohio State Journal of Dispute Resolution 15, pp. 705-734. Available on Internet at <http://www.umass.edu/cyber/katsh.pdf> [Visited: January 28th, 2014].
Katsh E., and Rifkin J. (2001). Online Dispute Resolution. Resolving Conflicts in Cyberspace. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Rule C. (2002). Online Dispute Resolution for Business. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Kaufmann-Kohler G., and Schultz T. (2004). Online Dispute Resolution. Challenges for Contemporary Justice. The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International.
Ebner, N. (2012), ‘e-Mediation’, in Abdel Wahab, M. S., Katsh E. and Rainey D. (Eds.) Online Dispute Resolution: Theory and Practice, pp. 357-386, The Hague: Eleven International Publishing, 2012.
Bohm, D. (1996). On dialogue, (original title published in Spain: “Sobre el Dialogo”.), Barcelona, España: Kairos.
Conforti, O. D. F. (2014). Electronic Mediation Handbook. Alicante, España: Acuerdo Justo.
Lodder A. R. and Zeleznikow J. (2010). Enhanced Dispute Resolution Through the Use of Information Technology. The Edinburgh Building. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
Paterson A. (2013). ‘PRISM already gave the NSA access to tech giants. Here's why it wanted more’. The Washington Post, October 30th, 2013 26. Available on Internet at <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2013/10/30/prism-already-gave-the-nsa-access-to-tech-giants-heres-why-it-wanted-more/>. [Visited: May 28th, 2014].
The Guardian. (2014). ‘The NSA Files’. The Guardian. Available on Internet at <http://www.theguardian.com/world/the-nsa-files> [Visited: May 28th, 2014].
Sanz Parrilla M. (2001). ‘The use of electronic media in mediation’, in Helena Soleto Muñoz, Mediation and Resolution of Conflicts: techniques and fields. (original title: “El uso de medios electrónicos en la mediación, en Helena Soleto Muñoz, Mediación y Resolución de Conflictos: Técnicas y Ámbitos.”) Madrid, Tecnos.
Barcelona court, <http://www.sepin.es/visor/default.asp?referencia=SP/NOT/653> ví, March 20th, 2015.