The study attempts to examine the effect of organizational culture on employee performance and its evaluation has been identified by certain researcher’s research. The main aim of research article is to identify and determine strong relationship between organizational culture and employee performance. Literature review is adopted as methodology to review the culture of an organization upon employee performance. The owners and top management of an organization generally tends to have a large impact on establishing a culture. The Organization’s culture results from the interaction between the top management’s assumptions and shared visions of cultural values and human behavior and what the employees of the organization learn from their own experiences. Managers relate organizational culture and employee performance to each other as they help in providing competitive advantage to the organizations. Hence Organizational culture plays a vital role in enhancing employee performance. Organizational culture must be binding on all members and employees of the organization as this will encourage uniformity among members of the organization and this enhance commitment, group efficiency and overall performance of employees.
A Critical Review of Organizational Culture on Employee Performance, American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2017, pp. 72-76.
Argyris, C. (1964). Integrating the individuals and the organizations. New York: Wiley.
Bowen, D. E., & Ostroff, C. (1989). Understanding HRM-firm performance linkages: The role of "Strength" of the HR system. Academy of Management Review, 29, 203-22.
Brewer, A. (1993). Managing for Employee Commitment, Longman, and London.
Brewer, A. (1994). The Responsive Employee, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
Brewer, E. W. & Clippard, L. F. (2002). Burnout and job satisfaction among Student Support Services personnel. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13 (2), 169‐86.
Daft, R. L. (2010). Organization Theory and Design. Singapore: Info Access & Distribution Ltd.
Deal, T., & Kennedy, A. A. (1982). Corporate culture: Rites and rituals of organizational life. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Denison, D. R. (1984). Bringing corporate culture to the bottom line. Organizational Dynamics, 3(2), 5-22.
Denison, D. R. (1990). Corporate Culture and Organizational Effectiveness. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Druckman, D., & Bjork, Robert A. (1994). Learning, Remembering, Believing: Enhancing Human Performance. Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press.
Ferris, G. R., Arthur, M. M., Berkson, H. M., Kaplan, D. M., Harrell-Cook, G., & Frink, D. D. (1998). Toward a social context theory of human resource management-organizational effectiveness relationship. Human Resource Management Review, 8, 235-264.
Furnham, A. & Gunter, B. (1993). Corporate Assessment: Auditing & Company Personality. London: Routledge.
Gordon, G. & Cummins W. (1979). Managing management climate. Toronto, Canada, Lexington Books.
Hellriegel, D. & Slocum, J. M. (2009). Organizational Behavior (9th Edition). Sydney: Thomson Learners.
Hofstede, G. (1980a). Culture's consequences: international differences in work related values Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Hofstede, G. (1980b). Motivation, Leadership and Organization: do American theories apply abroad? Organizational Dynamics, 9 (1), 42-63.
Kopelman, R. E., Brief, A. P., & Guzzo, R. A. (1990). The role of climate and culture in productivity. In B. Schneider (Ed.), Organizational climate and culture. 282-318).
Kotter, J. P. & Heskett, J. L. (1992). Corporate culture and performance. New York: Free Press.
Kratrina, S. (1990). Organizational culture and head nurse leadership: the relationship to nurse’s job satisfaction and turnover in hospital settings, unpublished PhD thesis, College of Education, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.
Krausz, M., Koslowsky, M., Shalon, N. & Elyakim, N. (1995). Predictors of intention to leave the ward: the hospital and the nursing profession: a longitudinal study. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 16, 277-88.
Lok, P. & Crawford, J. (2001). Antecedents of organizational commitment and the mediating role of job satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 16 (7-8), 594-613.
London, M. & Larsen, H. (1999). Relationships between feedback and self‐development. Group and Organization Management, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 5-27.
Magee, K. C. (2002). The impact of organizational culture on the implementation of performance management. Doctoral dissertation. Available from Dissertations and Theses database (UMI No. 3047909).
Martin, J. and Siehl, C. (1990). Organizational Culture: A Key to Financial Performance. In B. Schneider (Ed.). Organizational Climate and Culture, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 241–281.
Martin, J. & Frost, P. (2012). The organizational Culture was Games: A Struggle for intellectual dominance in sociology of organizations: Structure & Relationships, Godwyn, M. & Gittell J. H (Ed.) Sage publications, Thousand Oaks, C. A., pp 315-336.
Meyer, J. P., Stanely, D. J., Hercovitch, L., Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization: A Meta-analysis of Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61(1), 20-52.
Motowidlo, S. J. & Van Scotter, J. R. (1994). Evidence that task performance should be distinguished from contextual performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 475‐80.
McGregor, D. (1960). The human side of enterprise. NY: McGraw-Hill.
Mintzberg, H. (1979). Structures in Fives, Designing Effective Organizations. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Morgan, G. (1997) Images of Organization, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Ogbonna, E. (1993). Managing Organizational Culture: Fantasy or Reality? Human Resource Management Journal, 3(2), 42-54.
O’Reilly, C. (1989). Corporations, Culture and Commitment: motivation and social control in organizations. California Management Review, summer.
Peters, T. & Waterman, R. (1982), In Search of Excellence, Harper & Row, New York, NY.
Rashid, M. Z. A., Sambasivan, M. & Rahman, A. A. (2004). The influence of organizational culture on attitudes toward organizational change. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(2), 161-79.
Sackmann, S. A., & Bertelsmann S. (2006). Success Factor Corporate Culture. Developing a Corporate Culture for High Performance and Long-term Competitiveness, Six Best Practices. Kinndle Edition.
Schein, E. H. (1990) Organizational Culture, American Psychologist, 43 (2), 109-119.
Schein, E. H. (2004). Organizational culture and leadership (3rd Ed.). Jossy-Bass.
Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture & leadership. 4th (Ed.), John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA, ISBN-13 9780470640579, pp 464.
Schneider (Ed.). Organizational Climate and Culture, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 241–281.
Serpa, S. (2016). An overview of the concept of organizational culture. International business management, 10(1), 51-61.
Silverthorne, C. (2004). The impact of organizational culture and person‐organization fit on organizational commitment and job satisfaction in Taiwan. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(7), 592-9.
Tanase, I. A (2015). The importance of organizational culture based on culture transfer. Proceedings of the 9th International management conference “Management & innovation for competitive advantage”. November 5th-6th, Bucharest, Romania.
Tichy, N. M. (1982) Managing Change Strategically: The Technical, Political, and Cultural Keys, Organizational Dynamics (autumn), pp. 59-80.
Torres, L. L. (2011). Organizational culture in educational context. In perspective of organizational analysis of schools, Lima, L. C (Ed.) Manuel Leao Foundation, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.
Trice, H. & Beyer, J. M. (1993). The Cultures of Work Organization, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Wallach, E. J. (1983). Individuals and organizations: the cultural match. Training and Development Journal, 37, 29-36.
Yousef, D. A. (2000). Organizational commitment: a mediator of the relationships of leadership behaviour with job satisfaction and performance in a non‐western country. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 15 (1), 6-28.