Modeling Assessment on Technological Challenges Facing Small-Scale Gold Miners in Tanzania and How Engineering Could Solve Them
American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 93-97
Received: Feb. 8, 2017;
Accepted: Feb. 24, 2017;
Published: Dec. 11, 2017
Views 1871 Downloads 59
Mtaita Charles Mtoni, Department of Built Environment Engineering, Mbeya University of Science and Technology, Mbeya, Tanzania
Follow on us
This paper aims on assessing the effects associated to the challenges facing small-scale miners in Tanzania. Small scale mining in Tanzania is characterized by low productivity which is mainly a result of application of rudimentary and inappropriate technology which in turn impact on capacities to generate income. The choice of technology among small scale miners is largely influenced by the lack of capital. In order to get gold, small scale miners typically have to excavate the earth and extract gold rich ores, pull the ores from the pits, carry them to the crushing machine, crush them, sieve the sand and lastly extract gold from the sand by using mercury. Each of the stages mentioned above involve a ton of technological challenges which, if solved could improve productivity and subsequently the lives of small scale miners in the country. However, this study focuses on the costs of that economic growth in gold production over small-scale miners. It is estimated that in the early 1990s, Small-Scale Mining in gold accommodated around 400,000 people in Tanzania. Due to a lack of hard data, this study was based on mostly qualitative fieldwork in Chunya district, Mbeya region, Tanzania. The research investigates how technological challenges can affect small-scale gold miner’s livelihood, focusing on those who depend, or have depended only on small-scale mining activities.
Small-Scale Miners, Gold, Mining and Challenges
To cite this article
Mtaita Charles Mtoni,
Modeling Assessment on Technological Challenges Facing Small-Scale Gold Miners in Tanzania and How Engineering Could Solve Them, American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2017, pp. 93-97.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT), 2008 Tanzania mineral policy and Kitainda, 2010.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT), Tanzania mineral policy 2010.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT), 2009 the Mineral Policy of Tanzania, Ministry of Energy and Minerals.
Dreschler, B. (2001) ‘Small-Scale Mining and Sustainable Development within the SADC’; Edited by International Institute for Environment and Development; England 2002.
United Republic of Tanzania (URT), 1998: Tanzania Mineral Policy 1997: Financial Law Act 1997.
Michelsen (2010) ‘Contribution of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining to Poverty Reduction in Tanzania’, Department of International Development (UK) Denmark; World Development Vol; 38 No. 3, pp. 379-392; 2010 N-5892 Bergen, Norway.
Masialeti, M (2004): Small-scale mining in Zambia, Department of Mining Engineering University of Zambia. Lusaka- Zambia.
American Journal of Engineering, (2015) Technology and Society. Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 162-166.
Mbota Amani Mwikwabe (2011) The Sustainable Livelihood and Displacement: Case of Artisanal and Small-scale Gold miners.
Ntalikwa J. (2015), Gold Recovery by Cyanide Leaching.
Marco, K and Lu, Y (2010); Gold Mining Investment Incentives in Tanzania; Current Issues and the possible Remedies: International Journal of Business and Management.