Electrolyte Level Changes in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients as Compared to Healthy Individuals in Khan Younis Governorate, Gaza Strip
Advances in Biochemistry
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 9-15
Received: Mar. 8, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 16, 2016; Published: Apr. 5, 2016
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Authors
Lamia Fasail Abu Marzoq, Medical Sciences Department, University College of Science and Technology, Gaza Strip, Palestine
Wafaa Hamad Jaber, Medical Sciences Department, University College of Science and Technology, Gaza Strip, Palestine
Dina K. Halaid Azzam, Medical Sciences Department, University College of Science and Technology, Gaza Strip, Palestine
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Abstract
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality across the world. Serum electrolytes changes in AMI have not been studied in Khan Younis Governorate-Palestine. Hence, this study was undertaken to investigate any changes in the serum electrolytes with special attention to serum sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chloride in cases of AMI. Aim: To determine the pattern of changes of serum electrolytes AMI patients and then compare with non AMI (i.e. healthy persons). Materials and Method: The study consisted of a hundred people divided equally into study group and control group. Samples were taken from the Central Heart Unit in Nasser Hospital - Khan Younis. The study group comprised cases of confirmed diagnosis of recent onset of AMI. Clinical data was collected using interviewing questionnaires. The first paragraph of the questionnaire was for personal data which included age, sex and education level. The blood samples of both groups were automatically analyzed for serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca+ and Mg+) where the latter was analyzed manually. The cases were taken from AMI patients within 48 hours of admission. Results: The mean of age of controls was 47.18±64 while that of cases was 56.34±12.84. Significant low level of calcium was found in AMI patients while the level observed for magnesium was high. The levels of potassium and magnesium in AMI patients with hypertension was observed to be low with p-value < 0.05. Moreover, potassium levels were also low in AMI patients with diabetes with p-value <0.05. The changesin electrolytes werenot statistically significant in association with smoking. Conclusion: The decrease in sodium level was observed only in patients with AMI compared with healthy persons.
Keywords
Acute Myocardial Infarction, Serum Chloride, Serum Potassium, Serum Sodium, Serum Magnesium and Serum Calcium
To cite this article
Lamia Fasail Abu Marzoq, Wafaa Hamad Jaber, Dina K. Halaid Azzam, Electrolyte Level Changes in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients as Compared to Healthy Individuals in Khan Younis Governorate, Gaza Strip, Advances in Biochemistry. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2016, pp. 9-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ab.20160402.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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