Antioxidant, Antiquorum-Sensing and Antibiofilm Activities of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. (Balanitaceae) and Terminalia macroptera Guill. and Perr. (Combretaceae)
Advances in Biochemistry
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 26-31
Received: Aug. 24, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 11, 2018; Published: Oct. 11, 2018
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Vincent Ouedraogo, Department of Biochemistry-Microbilogy, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Ablassé Rouamba, Department of Biochemistry-Microbilogy, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Eli Compaoré, Department of Biochemistry-Microbilogy, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Moussa Compaoré, Department of Biochemistry-Microbilogy, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Martin Kiendrebeogo, Department of Biochemistry-Microbilogy, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa like many pathogen bacteria produces various virulence factors and form biofilm that contribute to its pathogenicity and the growing resistance to antibiotics. The production of virulence factors in those multi-resistant bacteria is controlled by a mechanism of regulation termed quorum sensing. Interfering with this mechanism of bacterial communication constitute a strategy to attenuate bacterial pathogenicity. Our study aimed to assess the ability of Balanites aegyptiaca and Terminalia macroptera to interfere with the system of QS through inhibition of QS-controlled factors production and the formation of biofilm. Methanol extracts of galls, stem bark of B. aegyptiaca, and stem bark of T. macroptera were screened for anti-QS activity using Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 and P. aeruginosa PAO1. At a sub-inhibitory concentration of 100 µg/mL, galls and stem bark of B. aegyptiaca quenched the QS system by inhibiting violacein production on C. violaceum CV026 and pyocyanin production on P. aeruginosa PAO1. The bark of T. macroptera reduced significantly the production of violacein, pyocyanin and the formation of biofilm. Moreover, antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds contributes to reduce the oxidative stress induced by pyocyanin. Thus, T. macroptera is a potential candidate for the identification and isolation of news effective anti-QS compounds. This study introduces a possible validation for traditional use of B. aegyptiaca and T. macroptera and constitutes a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of infections caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics.
Balanites Aegyptiaca, Terminalia Macroptera, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa PAO1, Quorum Sensing
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Vincent Ouedraogo, Ablassé Rouamba, Eli Compaoré, Moussa Compaoré, Martin Kiendrebeogo, Antioxidant, Antiquorum-Sensing and Antibiofilm Activities of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. (Balanitaceae) and Terminalia macroptera Guill. and Perr. (Combretaceae), Advances in Biochemistry. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 26-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ab.20180604.11
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