Storage and Cooling Effects on Levels of Protein Carbohydrates, Fats, Minerals and Microbes in Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris) Meat Sold in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria
Advances in Biochemistry
Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 10-14
Received: Apr. 13, 2019; Accepted: May 20, 2019; Published: Jun. 10, 2019
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Aisha Abdullahi Bida, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
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The effect of storage and cooling time (0, 1, 3, 7 and 28 days) on the nutritional quality of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) was assessed in terms of crude protein, moisture, ash, fat, carbohydrate, minerals (calcium, zinc, iron and potassium) and microbial content. Crude protein was determined using Kjedahl method, moisture, ash and fat content were determined using AOAC methods, carbohydrate was estimated by difference and the minerals using AAS methods (for Calcium, Zinc and Iron) and AES (for Potassium). The result of crude protein, moisture and fat content were observed to decrease as storage time increases. Moisture content ranged from 67.70 to 66.50%, ash content from 0.98 to 1.01%, fat content from 2.31 to 2.19%, crude protein content from 20.20 to 19.13% and carbohydrate content from 8.79 to 11.17%. The ash content fluctuates between the same ranges while the carbohydrate content increases with increased in storage time. The minerals content decreases with increase in storage time and the microbial analysis shows freezing inhibited the growth of bacteria which is the main cause of meat spoilage. The study showed that the meat samples could be kept in a frozen state without spoiling but the nutritional content where altered as storage time increased.
Numida meleagris, Meat, Poultry, Storage and Cooling Effects
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Aisha Abdullahi Bida, Storage and Cooling Effects on Levels of Protein Carbohydrates, Fats, Minerals and Microbes in Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris) Meat Sold in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria, Advances in Biochemistry. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 10-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ab.20190701.13
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