Comparing Yield Performance and Morpho-agronomic Characters of Landraces and Released Varieties of Field Pea (Pisumsativum L.) at Agarfa and Goro Woredas, Bale Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 34-49
Received: Apr. 5, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 1, 2019;
Published: Jul. 26, 2019
Views 118 Downloads 25
Benti Ofga, Department of Biology, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Goba Biodiversity Center, Goba, Ethiopia
Sixteen Field Pea varieties (8 of them farmers’ varieties and 8 of them improved varieties) were tested to compare yield performance and morpho-agronomic characters among the traits on the seed yield. The genotypes were grown in Randomized complete block design at Goro and Agarfa community seed bank in 2017/18. Analysis of variance revealed that there were highly significant differences among the genotypes for most of the traits at individual and across locations. From the combined analysis of variance, significant (p≤0.05) effect due to location, varieties and G×E was observed for most of the traits. The varieties showed wider variability in mean seed yield of 833.33—2083.33 kg ha-1, 1250--3750 kg ha-1 and 833.33 – 3750 at Goro, Agarfa and across location, respectively. PCV was higher than the genotypic coefficients of variation (GCV) in most of the traits. The highest phenotypic coefficient variances (PCV) were found for days to flowering (95%), while lowest PCV was recorded for days to maturity (6.6%). The result from combined analysis indicated that high heritability values (>70%) were recorded for characters considered such as days to flower initiation and days to maturity which indicates that these traits are more governed by genetic variance than environmental. Seed yield showed significant (p≤0.01) positive phenotypic correlations with hundred seed weight, above ground biomass, harvest index and plant height at each location. Similarly, significant (p≤0.01) positive and negative phenotypic and genotypic correlations between the yield components were observed at each location. The highest seed yield was recorded in 32038 variety (30.83kunt/hect and the lowest seed yield was recorded in 32039 variety (22.91kunt/hect) from farmers varieties at Agarfa location. In Goro the highest seed yield was recorded in 32039 variety (18.75kunt/hect and the lowest seed yield was recorded in Orome variety (9.38kunt/hect) from farmers varieties. Generally, it has been observed the presence of variability among the genotypes, heritability and relationships in the tested traits of the genotypes studied.
Comparing Yield Performance and Morpho-agronomic Characters of Landraces and Released Varieties of Field Pea (Pisumsativum L.) at Agarfa and Goro Woredas, Bale Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 34-49.
Abhishek et al., 2015 Characterization and Evaluation of Field Pea Genotypes for Yield and Quality Attributing Traits. Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur Msc Thesis.
Allard, R. W, 1996. Principles of plant breeding, John wilky and sores inc, New York.
Basaiwala P. 2006. Genetic analysis of seed yield and seed parameters in field pe (Pisumsativum L.). M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, IGKV, Raipur. 42p.
Blen Wondimageghu 2017. Phenotypic Diversity and Mineral Contents of Field Pea (Pisumsativum L) Accessions from North Wollo and South Tigray, and Improved/ Introduction Varieties. Addis Ababa University, June 2017.
Benti Ofga’a Jaleta (2014). Genetic variability and association among agronomic characters in selected field pea (Pisumsativum L.) genotypes at Bale zone, Sinana Research Center, Oromia region, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University. Haramaya, Ethiopia. pp 55.
Berhane G. et al., 2018. Evaluation of farmers’ knowledge on the rare Abyssinian pea (Pisumsativum var. abyssinicum) landraces of Ethiopia. Department of Biology, College of Science, Bahir Dar University. P.O. Box 76, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Burton. G. W, 1952. Quantitative inheritance in grasses. Proceediology of the 6th international grass congress 1: 277-283.
CSA, 2011. Agricultural Sample Survey 2010/11 (2003 EC). Report on Area and Production of Crops Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season. Addis Ababa. vol. I.
CSA, 2012). Crop production forecast sample survey. Report on area and production for major crops private peasant holdings, meher season. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAO, 1998. The State of World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.
Girma, B., 2003. The state of grain marketing in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the EDRI/IFPRI, 2020 Network Policy Forum on Toward Sustainable Food Security in Ethiopia: Integrating the Agri-Food Chain, May 15-16, 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Gilbert, Z. Gardening in South Africa, C. Struik, Cape Town, 1983.
ICARDA, 2011. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria.
Johnson, H, W., H, F. Robinson and R. E Comstock 1955 Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soy beans. Agronomy Journal, Society: 126-131.
Khan, T. N. Ramzan., A. Jillani., G. Mehamood. T, 2013. Morphological performance of peas (Pisumsativum L.) Genotypes under Rain fed conditions of Potowar Region. J. Agric, Res., 51 (10): 51-60.
Lakić Ž., Stanković S., Pavlović S., Krnjajić S., Popović V. (2018): Genetic variability in quantitative traits of field pea (Pisumsativum L.) genotypes. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD), 2010. Ministry of agriculture and rural development crop development department, crop variety register. Issue No. 19.
Mulusew, F., Tadele. T., Setegn. G., Bekele. H., 2010. Agronomic performance, disease reaction and yield stability of field pea (Pisumsativum L.) under South Eastern Ethiopian Conditions. Austraalian Journal Crops sciencces 4 (4): 238- 246.
Mussa Jarso, Tezera Wolabu and Gemechu Keneni, 2006. Review of field pea (Pisumsativum L.) genetics and breeding research in Ethiopia. pp. 67-85.
Nassef DMT. and El-Rawy MA. 2013. Analysis of gene effects controlling some traits in garden pea (Pisumsativum L.) Austrelian Journal of Basic Applied Science. 7 (1): 537-542.
Pesta, A., Titlow, A., Hansen, J., Berger, A., Furman, S., Luebbe, M., Erickson, G. and Jenkins, K. (2012). Effects of feeding field peas in combination with distiller grains plus soluble in finishing and growing diets on cattle performance and carcass characteristics. The Professional Animal Scientist 28 (5): 534-540.
Seboka Habtamuet al., 2013. Multivariate analysis of some Ethiopian field pea (Pisumsativum L.) genotypes. School of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
Singh A. Singh S. BabuJDP. (2011) Heritability, character association and path analysis studies in early segregating population of field pea (Pisumsativum L. var. arvense). International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics. 5 (1): 86-92.
Sharma, V. K. and Bora, L. 2013. Studies on genetic variability and heterosis in vegetable pea (Pisumsativum L.) under high hills condition of Uttarakhand, India. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 8 (18): 1891-1895.
Temene T et al., 2013Genotype × Environment Interaction and Performance Stability for Grain Yield in Field Pea (Pisumsativum L.) Genotypes. Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 489, Asella, Ethiopia.
Wani G, Mir B, Shah M. Evaluation of diversity in pea (Pisumsativum L.) genotypes using agro-morphological characters and RAPD analysis. Int. J Curr. Res. Rev. 2013; 5 (10): 17-25.
Wright, S. 1921. Correlation and causation. Journal Agricultural Research. 20: 557-585.
Yadav R. ShrivastavaRK. Ramakant and Singh R. (2009). Studies on genetic divergence in field pea (Pisumsativum L.) Legume Research, 32 (2): 121-124.