Molecular Analysis of Leptin Gene Polymorphism in Achai, Sahiwal Cattle and Nili-ravi Buffalo Breeds of Pakistan
International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 75-79
Received: Apr. 3, 2019; Accepted: May 17, 2019; Published: Sep. 23, 2019
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Authors
Nasir Abbas, National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Suleman, Key State Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Schoolof Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China; Centre for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Swat, Pakistan
Aamer Bin Zahur, National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abdul Ghafoor, Centre for Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Swat, Swat, Pakistan
Farooq Rashid, National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Amin Ullah Jan, Department of Biotechnology Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Fazal Akbar, Key State Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Schoolof Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
Shahid Ali, Key State Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Schoolof Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
Abdul Aziz, National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology (NIGAB), National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Ziaul Islam, Department of Biotechnology Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Abdullah Shah, Department of Biotechnology Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
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Abstract
Pakistan is blessed with rich sheep genetic resources and being a source of milk, meat and wool sheep breeds are reared across the country. Despite its great economic importance very limited work has been done in Pakistan on sheep genetic exploration. Leptin hormone plays important role in milk yield, body weight, energy balance, feed intake, immune function and fertility performance in animals. The current study was carried out to investigate genetic polymorphism in exon III of Leptin gene (LEP) in indigenous animal breeds (Nilli-ravi buffalo, Sahiwal and Achai cattle) of Pakistan using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). PCR-RFLP analysis revealed that all the three studied animals breeds were polymorphic for i>LEP gene (having all the three genotypes AA, AB and BB) with frequency of 60%, 33% and 7% in Nili-ravi buffalo, 55%, 41% and 4% in Achai cattle and 52%, 45% and 3% in Sahiwal cattle breed. The genotype BB is highly desirable in cattle and buffalo breeds but its frequency is very low in our indigenous population. Studying genetic polymorphism of milk protein is important due to its application in dairy industry and these in formations could further be utilized for future breeding programs particularly for the enrichment of the rare genotype.
Keywords
Leptin, Sahiwal, Achai, Nili-Ravi, Polymorphism, PCR-RFLP
To cite this article
Nasir Abbas, Muhammad Suleman, Aamer Bin Zahur, Abdul Ghafoor, Farooq Rashid, Amin Ullah Jan, Fazal Akbar, Shahid Ali, Abdul Aziz, Ziaul Islam, Abdullah Shah, Molecular Analysis of Leptin Gene Polymorphism in Achai, Sahiwal Cattle and Nili-ravi Buffalo Breeds of Pakistan, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 75-79. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190703.17
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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