Ameliorative Effect of Peach Seed Extract on Cyclophosphamide- Induced Cytogenetic and Histological Effects in Mice
International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 136-147
Received: Nov. 2, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 22, 2019; Published: Dec. 4, 2019
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Heba Mohamed Salah, Department of Genetic and Cytology, Division of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Research Centre, Dokki, Gizza, Egypt
Ezzat Ibrahim Aboul-Ela, Department of Genetic and Cytology, Division of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Research Centre, Dokki, Gizza, Egypt
Hamdy Hamed Swelim, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
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Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a frequently used drug for its anticancer and immunosuppressive potential. However metabolism of CP in the body results into toxic chemical compounds (to the liver itself and other non-target vital organs) via oxidative stress, apoptosis induction and finally necrosis. Since there is no escaping of using such medications in spite of their harms this study was designed to access the ability to alleviate the side-effects of CP by using peach seed methanolic extract, due to its nutritional value and therapeutic properties. The peach seed extract has bioactive constituents such as phenols and carotenoids. Methanoloic extract is the most widely used since it offers a high recovery of antioxidant compounds. Mice were divided into five major groups: negative control (untreated group), positive control, was injected (IP) with CP in dose 75mg/kg b. wt., Third group received peach seed extract only in a dose of 500 mg/kg b.w., and the fourth and fifth groups received two doses of Peach seeds extract 500 and 250 mg/kg b.wt. after receiving a single dose of CP intraperitoneally. Assessment of the extract was performed using micronucleus test, mitotic chromosomal aberration assay using bone marrow cells, and liver samples were collected for histopathology. Our results demonstrated that CP induced highly significant e genotoxicity, which recorded 9.49% PE's with micronuclei, comparing to 1.03% as control, while the induction of chromosomal aberrations was recorded as 67.6% against 4.4% as negative control. The histological study on the liver cells recorded noticeable damage with liver cells treated with CP. After peach treatment a significant reduction in CP- induced damage was observed and those groups treated with both extract and CP became nearly similar to the untreated group in all tested parameters. peach methanolic seed extract has the potential to ameliorate the damaging effect of cyclophosphamide at both the genetic and histological levels.
Cyclophosphamide Genotoxicity, Prunus Persica, Peach Methanolic Seed Extract, Antioxidant, Mice, Micronucleus Assay, Mitotic Chromosomal Aberration Assay, Liver Histopathology
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Heba Mohamed Salah, Ezzat Ibrahim Aboul-Ela, Hamdy Hamed Swelim, Ameliorative Effect of Peach Seed Extract on Cyclophosphamide- Induced Cytogenetic and Histological Effects in Mice, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 136-147. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.19
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