DNA Identification of Human Remains in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI): An Identification of Burned Girls Students in Tanzania
International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 63-65
Received: Sep. 14, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 4, 2020; Published: Mar. 17, 2020
Views 320      Downloads 142
Authors
Fidelis Charles Bugoye, Directorate of Forensic Science and DNA Services, Government Chemist Laboratory Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Elias Zakaria Mulima, Directorate of Forensic Science and DNA Services, Government Chemist Laboratory Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
David Luhende Elias, Directorate of Forensic Science and DNA Services, Government Chemist Laboratory Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Fidelis Saimon Segumba, Directorate of Forensic Science and DNA Services, Government Chemist Laboratory Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Leticia Nchagwa Waitara, Directorate of Forensic Science and DNA Services, Government Chemist Laboratory Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The Government Chemist Laboratory Authority (GCLA) in Tanzania is the only institution offering DNA testing in solving various human identification challenges using Human DNA technology. Globally, forensic DNA typing has undeniably been a useful tool employed in cases such as criminal investigation,, missing persons and parentage testing. In Tanzania, the indispensable need for Human DNA technology in human identification was greatly emphasized in August 2009 following the inferno at Idodi secondary school in Iringa region whereby the fire burnt and razed a girl’s dormitory to the ground killing twelve girls student while leaving twenty students severely wounded. The cause of the fire was later determined to have been due to a lit candle by a student aiming to study late into the night even after the power generator had been switched off. DNA typing of 15 autosomal Short Tandem Repeat markers using ABI 3100 Genetic Analyser was performed on samples collected from the recovered deceased bodies and their relatives. Successful human identification was achieved for all twelve recovered bodies and their reunification with their respective families. Therefore, the Idodi gruesome incident marked both an icon in scientific approach towards the utilization of DNA technology for disaster victim identification and usefulness of experts’ collaborations from different disciplines in mass fatalities and human identification in Tanzania.
Keywords
DNA, DVI, Forensic, Idodi, STRs, GCLA, Tanzania
To cite this article
Fidelis Charles Bugoye, Elias Zakaria Mulima, David Luhende Elias, Fidelis Saimon Segumba, Leticia Nchagwa Waitara, DNA Identification of Human Remains in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI): An Identification of Burned Girls Students in Tanzania, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 63-65. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20200802.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
J. Ge, B. Budowle, and R. Chakraborty, “Choosing Relatives for DNA Identification of Missing Persons,” J. Forensic Sci., vol. 56 Suppl 1, pp. S23-8, Jan. 2011.
[2]
V. Vaswani and L. Pramod, “DNA analysis in identifying mass disaster victims,” no. October, 2018.
[3]
F. C. Bugoye, E. Mulima, and G. Misinzo, “Analysis of Mutation Rate of 17 Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats Loci Using Tanzanian Father-Son Paired Samples,” Genet. Res. Int., vol. 2018, 2018.
[4]
“Missing people, DNA Analysis and Identification of Human Remains. Aguide to best practice in armed conflicts and other situation of armed violence. Second edition 2009.
[5]
S. Das, S. K. Pandey, and P. Chakraborty, “Review Research Paper An Approach for Identification of Individuals in a Mass Disaster in Indian Set Up,” vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 161–162, 2011.
[6]
Q. Dna and M. Kit, “QIAamp ® DNA Mini Kit,” no. April, 2018.
[7]
S. Akhteruzzaman, M. Hasan, T. Hossain, A. K. Mazumder, and P. Momtaz, “Disaster Victim Identification by DNA analysis : The Tazreen Fashions Garment Fire Incident Experience in Bangladesh,” vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 116–120, 2015.
[8]
U. Guide, “AmpF ℓ STR TM Identifiler TM PCR Amplification Kit,” no. 4322288.
[9]
“ABI P RISM ® 3100 Genetic Analyzer User’ s Manual.”
[10]
G. S. Guide, “GeneMapper ® ID-X Software.”
[11]
Sherif H. El-Alfy, Ahmed F. Abd El-Hafez, Paternity testing and forensic DNA typing by multiplex STR analysis using ABI PRISM 310 Genetic Analyzer, Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Volume 10, Issue 1.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186