Urban Noise: A Case Study in Dire-Dawa City, Ethiopia
European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 17-26
Received: Dec. 20, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 6, 2017; Published: Mar. 2, 2017
Views 1604      Downloads 67
Authors
Belay Sitotaw Goshu, Department of Physics and Biology, Dire-Dawa University, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
Hailemariam Mamo, Department of Physics and Biology, Dire-Dawa University, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
Solomon Zerihun, Department of Physics and Biology, Dire-Dawa University, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Urban noise pollution is one of the problems of the people who live in urban area and it is a cause of health and social problem. The main purpose of this work is to identify the major cause of the pollution and to determine the noise pollution levels in the city. A study was conducted on the main roads of Dire-Dawa city using digital Sound Level Meter (SLM). A case study was illustrated by applying standardized methods to find noise pollution in the city. It was found that the noise levels in overall city were very high and above the permissible limits. The result revealed that in the selected area of hospitals, the noise pollution is 103.68 and 104.27 dB during morning and in afternoon respectively. In general, the average values of the noise levels throughout the study area were between 45 and 95 dB in places of bargele and Medirbabur respectively.
Keywords
Noise Level, Noise Pollution, Sound Level Meter
To cite this article
Belay Sitotaw Goshu, Hailemariam Mamo, Solomon Zerihun, Urban Noise: A Case Study in Dire-Dawa City, Ethiopia, European Journal of Biophysics. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 17-26. doi: 10.11648/j.ejb.20170501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Durduran S. S., Kunt F., and Dursun S., 2008. “Noise mapping in Konya (Turkey) city hospitals using GIS model.” Journal of International Environmental Applications and Science, Vol 3 (5): 415-421.
[2]
Cuniff, P. F. Environmental Noise Pollution. University of Maryland, John Wiley & sons. Declan, B. (2004). Noise management: Sound and vision, Nature 427, (1977), 480-481.
[3]
Bruel and Kjaer, 2002 “Environmental noise. Denmark.:, http://www.bksv.com/pdf/Environmental%20Booklet.pdf, Access date 25-09.06.
[4]
WHO, 1999 “Guidelines for Community Noise” http://www.ruidos.org/Noise/WHO_Noise_guidlines _contents.html, Access date: 15-11-06.
[5]
Wawa E. A. and Mulaku, G. C. 2015. Noise Pollution Mapping Using GIS in Nairobi, Kenya. Journal of Geographic Information System, 7, 486-493. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2015.75039.
[6]
Joshi N. A., Joshi C. N and Rane P. P;., 2015, Noise Mapping in Mumbai City, India. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology, Vol. 2 Issue 3.
[7]
Tandel B. N., and Tiwari K., 2013 “A GIS based approach for mapping of Urban noise”.
[8]
Karthik K., Paratheeban P., PrassadRaju H., and Anuradha P., 2015 “Development of Noise Predication Model Using GIS for Chennai City.”International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. Vol. 5. No. 10.
[9]
Anirban K. C., AnupamDeb S., and Shibnath C., 2012, “Analysis of Day time traffic noise level: A case study of Kolkata, India.” International Journal of Environmental Science Research. Vol 2. No. 2 pp 114-118.
[10]
Cohen S., Evans G. W., Krantz D. Z., Stokols D., 1980. “Physiological, Motivational, and cognitive effects of aircraft noise on children. American Psychologist 35:231-243.
[11]
Evans G. W., and Lepore S. J., 1993. “Non-auditory effects of noise on children”: A critical review, children’s Environmental 10: 31-35.
[12]
Evans G. W., 1988. “Motivational consequences of exposure to noise” In N. L. Carter and R. F. S. Job (eds). Noise as a public Health Problem (Noise Effects ’98), Vol. 1, p. 311-320. Noise effects ’98 PTY Ltd., Sydney, Australia.
[13]
Hygge S., Jones D. M., and Smith A. P., 1988 “Recent developments in noise and performance.” In N. L., Carter and R. F. S. Job (eds). Noise as Noise as a public Health Problem (Noise Effects ’98), Vol. 1, p. 311-320. Noise Effects ’98 PTY Ltd., Sydney, Australia.
[14]
Haines F. L., Stansfeld S. A., Job R. F. S., Berglund B., 1988. “Chronic aircraft noise exposure and child cognitive performance and stress.” In N. L., Carter and R. F. S. Job (eds). Noise as Noise as a public Health Problem (Noise Effects ’98), Vol. 1, p. 311-320. Noise Effects ’98 PTY Ltd., Sydney, Australia.
[15]
Omokhadion F. O., Ekanem S. U., and Uchendu O. C., 2008, Noise levels and hearing impairment in an urban Ibadan, Southwest, Nigeria, Journal of Public Health 16:399-402.
[16]
Osuntogun B., 2006, Environmental impacts of urban road transport in South Western States of Nigeria. Available from www.iseg.giees. uacc. edu/abuja2006/Abstracts/Abstract_ID_214.pdf.
[17]
Berglund B., Lindvall T., and Schwela D. H., 1995. “Guidelines for Community noise” WHO, London, United Kingdom.
[18]
King E. A., and Rice H. J., 2009. “The development of a practical framework for strategic noise mapping.” Dublin, Ireland, Applied Acoustics 70, pp. 1116-1127.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186