Quantum Interactions of Small-Sized Neurotransmitters and of Entangled Ionotropic Receptors Accentuate the Impact of Entanglement to Consciousness
European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2018, Pages: 32-52
Received: Oct. 11, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 21, 2018; Published: Dec. 18, 2018
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Author
Paul Levi, Institute for Parallel and Distributed Systems (IPVS), Faculty for Informatics, Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, University Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
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Abstract
This contribution concentrates on the evaluation of quantum processes in the brain that essentially contribute to the protection and activation of entanglement and their impact to consciousness. The corresponding calculations occur in the Fock space that represents discrete quantum fields, where the corresponding computations occur in the following succession. First, three possible weak interactions of emitted, small-sized neurotransmitters are described. These interdependencies are the attraction by electric dipole-dipole interaction, the attraction by the Morse potential and the repulsion characterized by s-wave scattering. Second, this article focus on ionotropic receptors that are embedded in a dense non-rigid grid. Anharmonic oscillators approximate these molecules, where their interactions cause grid vibrations. The determination of the expectation values of the total energy of the oscillating receptors, situated in two entangled ground states, demonstrate the existence of gap functions that shield the entanglement. This protected entanglement represents a bridge to the materialistic consciousness, and as well it refutes the dominant criticism against the quantum processes in the brain that decoherence destroys in picoseconds the entanglement (quantum coherence). The entangled entropy of the protected entangled states is not zero; what is a clear sign of entanglement. Third, consciousness activates the protected entanglement that reveals distinct positive effects, concerning the acquisition of information. Thus, the working space (associative cortices) that operates in a conscious state instantly gets compressed information on the current particular states of the cortical and subcortical components. Thereby, the emergence of consciousness is a synergetic process, which is created by the mutual interdependencies (causal circularity) of the components of the working space (synergetic agents) and the subcortical areas (synergetic “slaves”).
Keywords
Interactions of Neurotransmitters, Vibrations of Ionotropic Receptors, Protected Entanglement, Consciousness, Synergetics
To cite this article
Paul Levi, Quantum Interactions of Small-Sized Neurotransmitters and of Entangled Ionotropic Receptors Accentuate the Impact of Entanglement to Consciousness, European Journal of Biophysics. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 32-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ejb.20180602.12
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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