European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 1, Issue 1, February 2013, Pages: 6-15
Received: Mar. 15, 2013;
Published: Feb. 20, 2013
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Lev V. Beloussov, Laboratory of Developmental Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Ilya V. Volodyaev, Laboratory of Developmental Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
The aim of this essay is to review up to now scattered data related to the integration of activities of molecular machines into higher level events, providing macroscopic organization of living beings. According to the self-organization theory, one of the main instruments for such integration is enlarging of characteristic times, going as a rule, hand by hand with characteristic dimensions. We start from the “classical”, short-range mechanoelectrical protein machines emphasizing their capacity to slow down the rate of energy relaxation and to concentrate energy in a restricted number of freedom degrees. Then we pass to newly described “low entropy machines”, and briefly discuss characteristic times of morphogenetic processes. A special emphasis is made on temporal patterns of the so called biophoton emission (ultraweak photon emission from the living organisms) which have a remarkable property to be spread throughout the levels ranging from milliseconds to dozens of minutes.
Lev V. Beloussov,
Ilya V. Volodyaev,
From Molecular Machines to Macroscopic Fields: an Accent to Characteristic Times, European Journal of Biophysics.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 6-15.
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