NF. Evaluating Anti β-2 Glycoprotein as Rapid Thromboembolic Marker Among HCV Patients in Egypt
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 1, February 2013, Pages: 1-5
Received: Feb. 2, 2013; Published: Feb. 20, 2013
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Authors
Elkhouly EH, Tropical, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt
Morsi MG, Medical Microbiology& Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt
Hamed NA, Internal Medicine (Hematology unit), Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt
Soliman AA, Internal Medicine (Hematology unit), Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt
Hanafi NF, Medical Microbiology& Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt
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Abstract
Although antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies are still not clearly known, yet they have association with thromboembolic events associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Moreover, high percent of HCV infections and thromboembolic risk was associated among thalassemic patients. So our aim was to screen and evaluate the significance of ACL and anti β-2 glycoprotein seroprevelance among patients receiving repeated blood transfusions, in patients with infectious diseases as chronic HCV disorders, and in healthy subjects resident in Egypt, a tropical country endemic for hepatitis and to evaluate these tests as rapid markers for early detection of thrombotic HCV infection among chronic liver disorders and cases receiving repeated blood transfusion aiming at early anticoagulant therapy.The study was carried out on 70 patients attending Tropical, Hepatology and Hematology departments in Alexandria Main University Hospital, Egypt as well as 30 healthy subjects served as controls. Group I; 35 chronic liver disorders as chronic HCV, cirrhosis and Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) diagnosed by clinical, ultrasound and histopathology. Group II ; 35 receiving repeated blood transfusion as thalassemia. Group III; healthy relatives –ve for HCV antibody of matched age and sex. Both markers were screened by commercial enzyme immunosorbant assays (ELISA) (Calbiotech,USA). Our results revealed that patients with chronic HCV infection had higher anticardiolipin (ACL) IgG and antibeta2GP1 IgG compared to healthy controls. (26.6%) 8 patients from group I had high ACL IgG compared to 6 patients (20%) of group II .The study also revealed that anti β-2 glycoprotein IgG was higher among Group I and II compared to controls group III. Group I was higher than group II. Three patients (10%) of group I had high antiβ2 glycoprotein1 IgG compared to 2 patients (6.6%) among group II . We can conclude that anticardiolipin (ACL)alone is not diagnostic for thrombosis & it should be accompanied with antibeta(β )2glycoprotein-1 in serum of the same patient to be considered a cause of thrombosis in chronic HCV patients. So, ACL alone can not be considered rapid marker of thrombosis in HCV positive patients. We recommend anti β2 glycoprotein as a biomarker predicting thrombotic HCV infection
Keywords
Anti β2glycoprotein , ACL, ELISA, HCV, RT-PCR, Thromboembolic Rapid Markers
To cite this article
Elkhouly EH, Morsi MG, Hamed NA, Soliman AA, Hanafi NF, NF. Evaluating Anti β-2 Glycoprotein as Rapid Thromboembolic Marker Among HCV Patients in Egypt, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20130101.11
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