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Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen among the Newly Admitted Students of University of Jos, Nigeria
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages: 35-39
Received: Feb. 5, 2014; Published: Feb. 28, 2014
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Odinachi Okoh Ekuma, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Evangel University, Akaeze Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
John Danjuma Mawak, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State
Augustine Uwakwe, Department of Biochemistry, Evangel University, Akaeze Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
Ogbonnaya Ogbu, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Ebonyi State
Felicia Ngozi Okoh, Parasitology and Biomedical Diseases Research Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, Evangel University, Akaeze Abakaliki, Ebonyi
Maduka Victor Agah, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Ebonyi State
Agwu Ulu Nnachi, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State
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The study was conducted to assess the prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among the newly admitted students of University of Jos, Jos Nigeria. A total of 300 newly admitted students were screened using rapid test (Global Rapid Diagnostic Kits USA) for the detection of HBsAg in serum samples from July 2010 to October 2010. The results obtained showed that 50(16.7%) were seropositive to HBsAg. The prevalence of HBsAg was higher in males 34(11.33%) compared to 16(5.33%) in females. Age specific prevalence was significantly higher in the age bracket 25-29, with 16(28.57%) and the lowest was found in the age bracket 15 -19 years with 12(17.39%). The most important risk factors in the acquisition of HBsAg as revealed in this study appear to be: Family History of hepatitis, 11(36.6%), those with multiple sexual partners 4(13.79%), blood transfusion 3(13.64%), and tribal mark 3(13.04%). The prevalence of HBV recorded among newly admitted students in this study is probably a reflection of the situation in Nigerian Universities. Therefore, urgent preventive measures should be taken to set up campaign against transmission of HBV in University of Jos and the general population. To lower HBV prevalence, an adequate program of active screening and vaccination for students should be implemented, followed by a universal active immunization program.
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, Prevalence, Virus, Risk Factors, Students, Jos
To cite this article
Odinachi Okoh Ekuma, John Danjuma Mawak, Augustine Uwakwe, Ogbonnaya Ogbu, Felicia Ngozi Okoh, Maduka Victor Agah, Agwu Ulu Nnachi, Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen among the Newly Admitted Students of University of Jos, Nigeria, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 35-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140201.15
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