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Prevalence of ESBL, AmpC and Carbapenemase among Gram Negative Bacilli Isolated from Clinical Specimens
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages: 76-81
Received: Mar. 12, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 9, 2014; Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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Vijaya Doddaiah, Department of Microbiology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B. G. Nagara, Karnataka, India
Dhanalakshmi Anjaneya, Department of Microbiology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B. G. Nagara, Karnataka, India
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Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat worldwide. The predominant mechanisms for resistance to the β-lactam antibiotics in gram negative bacilli is the production of β-lactamases. Aim: To determine the prevalence of ESBL, AmpC and carbapenemase production among GNB isolated from various clinical samples. Materials and Methods: A total of 378 GNB isolated were identified and processed for the detection of ESBL, AmpC and Carbapemase production using various methods. Results: Out 378 GNB 197 (52.12%) showed the presence of one or more β-lactamases and 181 (47.88%) were negative. 33.86%, 14.24% and 18.25% showed the presence of ESBL, AmpC and Carbapenemase among the 378 GNB studied. Conclusion: This study highlights the prevalence of ESBL, AmpC and Carbepenemase producing GNB in a rural tertiary care teaching hospital
ESBL, AmpC, Carbapenemase, Gram Negative Bacilli
To cite this article
Vijaya Doddaiah, Dhanalakshmi Anjaneya, Prevalence of ESBL, AmpC and Carbapenemase among Gram Negative Bacilli Isolated from Clinical Specimens, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 76-81. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20140202.17
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