Heavy Metals Status in Some Commercially Important Fishes of Meghna River Adjacent to Narsingdi District, Bangladesh: Health Risk Assessment
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 60-70
Received: Apr. 27, 2016; Accepted: May 6, 2016; Published: May 30, 2016
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Authors
Md. Simul Bhuyan, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Muhammad Abu Bakar, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Aysha Akhtar, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Md. Shafiqul Islam, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
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Abstract
The present study was carried out to determine the heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Al, Cu, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, Co) in the muscles of 32 fish species for 3 seasons in Meghna River. The heavy metals were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The estimated concentrations of all metals in the present study were lower than the limits permitted by FAO, WHO, EU, United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), US Environment Protection Agency (US/EPA) and England Guidelines except the concentrations of Pb & Zn that were found above the allowable ranges in different fishes namely Amblypharyngnodon mola. Colisa lalia, Tetraodon cutcutia, Barbodes sarana, Labeo calbasu, Puntius sarena, Ompok pabda, Aila coila, Mastacembelus armatus, Glossogobius giuris, Nandus nandu, Tenualosa ilisha, Lepidocephalichthys guntea, Xenentodon cancila, Stinging catfish. Multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis and correlation matrix showed significant anthropogenic intrusions of Zn, Al, Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, Co in fishes. There was significant positive correlation between Cd vs Co (0.733), moderate positive correlation between Fe vs Al (0.568), Ni vs Co (0.482), Mn vs Co (0.395) which indicate that their common origin especially from industrial effluents, municipal wastes and agricultural inputs.
Keywords
Heavy Metal, Multivariate Analysis, Fish, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Meghna River
To cite this article
Md. Simul Bhuyan, Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aysha Akhtar, Md. Shafiqul Islam, Heavy Metals Status in Some Commercially Important Fishes of Meghna River Adjacent to Narsingdi District, Bangladesh: Health Risk Assessment, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2016, pp. 60-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20160402.17
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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