Biological Potentials of Ginger Associated Streptomyces Compared with Ginger Essential Oil
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 152-163
Received: Oct. 11, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 25, 2016; Published: Dec. 2, 2016
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Herivony Onja Andriambeloson, National Centre of Environmental Research, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Rado Rasolomampianina, National Centre of Environmental Research, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Rahanira Ralambondrahety, National Centre of Environmental Research, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Rigobert Andrianantenaina, National Centre of Environmental Research, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Marson Raherimandimby, Department of Fundamental and Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Fidèle Randriamiharisoa, Ministry of Health, Antananarivo, Madagascar
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Medicinal plants and associated microorganisms are recognized to have beneficial relationship. These two organisms are well known for their ability to produce bioactive secondary metabolites which the similarity has been demonstrated in a few works. This study had for objective to assess biological potentials of actinomycetes isolated from ginger rhizomes and its rhizospheric soil and to determine their similarity and efficiency with ginger essential oil. Among the 63 actinomycetes strains isolated from the rhizomes and rhizospheric soils of two ginger countries plantations of Soavinandriana Itasy-Madagascar, biological activity tests showed that 16 strains (2 endophytes and 14 from rhizospheric soils of ginger) exhibited antimicrobial activity against at least one germ. The strains are more active against Gram+ bacteria and fungi than Gram- bacteria. Only, one strain isolated from ginger rhizospheric soil of the site n°2 (AHO 18) inhibited the development of all tests germs. The tests conducted on six representative strains selected on the basis of antimicrobial assay showed that extracts from the isolates AHO 3 and AHO 43 have strong antiproliferative activity on cells HT-20 (colon cancer) with IC50 values of 5µg/ml and 2,2μg/ml, respectively; strong antimalaria activity against the chloroquino-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strain (IC50=1,25μg/ml for AHO 3 extract and 2,5<IC50<5µg/ml for AHO 43 extract) and antioxidant activity (IC50=15mg/ml for AHO 3 extract and 10,6mg/ml for AHO 43 extract). The 2 isolates based on phenotypic and molecular characterization using their 16S rRNA gene were identified as Streptomyces chrysomallus (isolate AHO 3) and Streptomyces sp (isolate AHO 43). Moreover, the two essential oils of ginger tested showed antimicrobial activity against all tests germs used and antioxidant activity. Only, ginger essential oil from the site n°2 exhibited moderate antiproliferative potential (IC50=14μg/ml) on colon cancer cells and high antiplasmodial activity (2,5<IC50<5µg/ml). Streptomyces sp showed similar and strong biological activities than those of ginger essential oil from the site n°2. Chemical screening of the Streptomyces sp extract and the essential oil H2 revealed the common presence of terpens and phenolic compounds.
Actinomycetes, Endophytes, Rhizospheric Soil, Rhizome, Ginger, Essential Oil, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Antimalaria, Antiproliferative
To cite this article
Herivony Onja Andriambeloson, Rado Rasolomampianina, Rahanira Ralambondrahety, Rigobert Andrianantenaina, Marson Raherimandimby, Fidèle Randriamiharisoa, Biological Potentials of Ginger Associated Streptomyces Compared with Ginger Essential Oil, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 152-163. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20160406.13
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