Registration of “Haydaroo” Newly Released Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum L.) Variety for Bale Highland Areas
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 145-149
Received: May 16, 2017; Accepted: May 31, 2017; Published: Oct. 2, 2017
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Authors
Mulatu Aberra Ebsa, Sinana Agricultural Research Centre, Cereal Crop Research, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia; Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tilahun Bayisa Worku, Sinana Agricultural Research Centre, Cereal Crop Research, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia; Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tesfaye Letta Dugo, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Ethiopia has suitable environmental condition for emmer wheat production. However, the productivity of emmer wheat is very low as compared with world average due to lack of stable, improved seed and poor agronomic managements. Therefore, the objective of the study was to evaluate the promising genotypes and verify the most stable, uniform, high yielding and disease resistant emmer wheat for highland areas of Bale. The materials were crossed at Sinana Agricultural Research Center; i.e. emmer wheat crossed with durum to improve yield and thresh ability of emmer wheat. The experiment was carried out at two locations namely Sinana and Goba. Including checks 15 genotypes have been evaluated in three replicated of randomized complete block design (RCBD). The trial was studied for three consecutive years (2013, 2014 and 2015) main cropping seasons. After evaluation of genotypes across location and years, Haydaroo was selected and verified for one year (2016) at multilocation. Haydaroo is a common name given for the newly released emmer wheat variety that a pedigree designation of “Sinana_01 x DZ2212//Sinana_01”. Haydaroo (Sinana_01x DZ2212//Sinana_01) had above average yield performance in most tested environments, out yielded for Sinana-01 and Local check varieties. The mean average grain yield of Haydaroo is 30.24 quintal per hector. It is stabile and uniform across locations. Finally, it was evaluated by National Variety Releasing Committee and recommended for release in 2017 for high lands of Bale and similar agro-ecologies.
Keywords
Emmer Wheat Variety, Grain Yield, Thresh Ability, Disease Reaction
To cite this article
Mulatu Aberra Ebsa, Tilahun Bayisa Worku, Tesfaye Letta Dugo, Registration of “Haydaroo” Newly Released Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum L.) Variety for Bale Highland Areas, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 145-149. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20170505.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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