Farmers’ Knowledge and Perceptions of Banana Borer Weevil and Insecticidal Potential of Neem and Wood Ash for Its Management in Fako Division, Cameroon
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 29-38
Received: May 22, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 8, 2018;
Published: Jul. 5, 2018
Views 1100 Downloads 123
Lum Ayeoffe Fontem, Department of Agronomic and Applied Molecular Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Acha Edison, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Banana borer weevil is a major insect pest of banana and plantain in Cameroon. The undesirable effects of synthetic insecticides have attracted global attention and there is urgent need for alternative measures. This study consisted of a survey and five laboratory experiments, to investigate farmers’ perceptions of the weevil in Fako Division of Cameroon, and the insecticidal potential of the aqueous extract of neem and wood ash as alternative sources for its management. A structured questionnaire was administered in several villages in the study area. For the laboratory experiments, the treatments were the aqueous extract of neem (25, 50, 75 and 100%), wood ash (20%), mocap® (positive control) and water (negative control). Majority of the farmers (49.6%) used mocap® to control the weevil; 29.2% used at least one cultural practice, 11.2% applied wood ash while 10% employed other methods. At 14 days after exposure (DAE), the aqueous extract of neem at 75 and 100% resulted in 79% mortality of the adult weevil; 50% of the extract caused 68% mortality similar to wood ash; 25% of the extract killed 42% of them. Corms treated with water had 0% mortality throughout while those with mocap® had 100% mortality 1 DAE. The number of weevils that settled on corms treated with the extract at 50 and 75% (<1.5) and wood ash (≤1.9) was less than that on the control corms with water (≥6.2). The extract at 50 and 75% and wood ash inhibited weevil oviposition (<2 eggs laid/corm) and larva emergence (zero larva) significantly. These treatments also significantly increased the average time each larva spent locating a feeding site, initiating feeding and boring into discs compared to control discs with water. The potency of these treatments on the mortality of the weevil lasted for three to four weeks. Therefore, the aqueous extract of neem and wood ash offer a promising, affordable, environmentally friendly and cost-effective option which could be incorporated into an integrated package for sustainable management of the banana borer weevil.
Lum Ayeoffe Fontem,
Farmers’ Knowledge and Perceptions of Banana Borer Weevil and Insecticidal Potential of Neem and Wood Ash for Its Management in Fako Division, Cameroon, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2018, pp. 29-38.
Tiwari, S., Thapa, R. B., Gautam, D. M. & Shresha, S. K. (2006). Survey of banana stem weevil, Odoiporus longicollis (Oliv.) (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) in Nepal. J Instit Agric Animal Sci. 27, 127–131.
IITA. (1998). Plantain and Banana Improvement Program-Annual Report for 1997. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Onne, Nigeria.
IITA. (2010). Banana production and Improvement in sub-Saharan Africa-Annual report for 2008. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Onne, Nigeria.
Lassoudière, A. (2007). Le bananier et sa culture. Éditions Quæ, Versailles, France. p 383.
Gold, C. S., Pena, J. E., Karamura, E. B. (2001). Biology and integrated pest management for the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: curculionidae). Int Pest Manage Rev. 6, 79-155.
Rukazambuga, N. D. T. M., Gold, C. S., Gowen, S. R. (1998). Yield loss in East African highland banana (Musa spp., AAA-EA group) caused by the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar. Crop Protect. 17, 581-589.
PlantaInfo (1998). Fiche Technique. La lutte contre le parasitisme tellurique, No. 36, pp 14-15.
Masanza, M., Gold, C. S., van Huis A., Ragama, P. E. & Okech, S. H. O. (2005). Effects of crop sanitation on banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) populations and crop damage in farmers’ fields in Uganda. Crop Protect. 24, 275-283.
Gold, C. S., Okech, S. H. & Nokoe, S. (2002). Evaluation of the pseudostem trapping as a control measure against banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Uganda. Bull Entomol Res. 92, 35-44.
Cohan, J. P., Forgain, R., Foure, E., kwa, M., Tchango, J. & Messiaen, S. (2004). Index Phytosanitoire 2004. Bananes dessert et plantains au Cameroun. A publication of CARBAP, supported by CropLife Cameroun. p 30-40.
Collins, P. J., Treverrow, N. L. & Lamkin, T. M. (1991). Organophosphorous insecticide resistance and its management in the banana weevil borer, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Australia. Crop Protect. 10(3), 215-221.
Polidoro, B. A., Dahlquist, R. M., Castillo, L. E., Morra, M. J., Somarriba, E. & Bosque-Pèrez, N. A. (2008). Pesticide application practices, pest knowledge, and cost-benefits of plantain production in the Bribri-Cabecar Indigenous Territories, Costa Rica. Environ. Res. 108 (1):98–106.
Saharyaraj, K., Raju, G., Kombiah, P. & Rathi, J. M. (2008). Repellent activity of chosen plant extracts on groundnut stored pest Tribolium castaneum Herbst. Green Farm. 1 (9):47–48.
Mamun, M. & Ahmed, M. (2011). Prospect of indigenous plant extracts in tea pest management. J Agric Res Innov Technol. 1, 16-23.
Longoria, A. (1968). Diferencias sexuelles en la morphologia externa de Cosmopolites sordidus Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Ciencias Biology, La Habana 1, 1-11.
Mestre, J. (1995). Reconnaissance de sexes chez le charançon du bananier, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar 1824) (Coleoptera:Curculionidae). Note Technique I. Neufchâteau: CIRAD/ FLHOR. 8 p.
Tinzaara, W., Tushemereirwe, W., Nankinga, C., Gold, C. S. & Kashaija I. (2006). The potential of using botanical insecticides for the control of the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Afri J Biotechnol. 5 (20), 1994-1998.
Kemal, A., ven den, S., Louw, M. & Swart, W. J. (2005). Effects of neem formulation on pea aphid [Acyrthosiphonpisum (Harris)] development and reproduction on field pea in Ethiopia. Ethiop J Agric Sci. 18, 73-87.
Pavela, R. (2009). Effectiveness of some Botanical Insecticides against Spodoptera littoralis Boisduvala (Lepidoptera: Noctudiae), Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Plant protect Sci. 45 (4), 161-167.
Sharma, A. & Gupta, R. (2009). Biological activity of some plant extracts against Pieris brassicae L. J Biopest. 2 (1), 26-31.
Musabyimana, T., Saxena, R. C., Kairu, E. W., Ogol, C. P. K. O. & khan, Z. R. (2001) Effects of neem seed derivatives on behavioral and physiological responses of the Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Hort. Entomol. 94, 449-454.
Vilardebo, A. (1973). Le coeﬃcient d'infestation, critère d'évaluation du degré d'attaques des bananeraies par Cosmopolites sordidus Germ. le charançon noir du bananier. Fruits 28, 417–426.
Mordue, A. J. & Blackwell, A. (1993). Azadirachtin: an update. J. Insect Physiol. 39, 903–924.
Ntonifor, N., Forbanka, D. & Mbuh, J.V. (2011). Potency of Chenopodium ambrosioides powders and its combinations with wood ash on Sitophilus zeamais in stored maize. J Entomol. 8 (4), 375-383.
Dahiya, K. K., Lakra, R. K., Dahiya, A. S. & Singh, S. P. (1994). Bioefficacy of some insecticides against citrus psylla, Diaphorina citri kuwayama (Psyllidae: Hemiptera). Crop Res. 8, 137–140.
Salawu, E. (1992). Effect of neem leaf extract and ethoprop singly and in combination on Meloidogyne incognita and growth of sugarcane. Pak J of Nematol. 10 (1), 51-56.
Mesfin, W., Emana, G. & Geremew, T. (2012). Neem, Azadirachta indica (A. Juss) extracts negatively influence growth and development of African bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). Acad J Entomol. 5, 22-27.
Nethi, S. (2007). Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Ecofriendly tool for insect pest management. In: Ecofriendly Insect Pest Manage. Ignacimuthu, S. & David, B. V. editors. 36–50 p.