Young Honeybee (Apis mellifera bandasii) Queens Perform Better than Old Ones
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 128-132
Received: Oct. 5, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 16, 2019; Published: Dec. 24, 2019
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Authors
Zewdu Ararso Hora, Holeta Bee Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
Gemechis Legesse Yadeta, Holeta Bee Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
Tadele Alemu Hundie, Holeta Bee Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
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Abstract
A productivity of queen bee depends on several factors. Queen age is one of the most important factors affecting queen’s, as well as colony performance. The study was conducted to determine the effects of queen ages on performances of honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies. The queens were reared from local honeybee, Apis mellifera bandasii (A. m. bandasii); nuclei colonies were formed and then transferred to standard Langstroth hives when all the frames of the nuclei boxes were occupied with brood and adult bees. Performances of the colonies headed by the new queens were evaluated over three years. Brood area, number of queen cell cups started and swarm queen cells constructed, number of empty cells/100 cells/per colony (brood solidness) and honey yield per harvest were determined every active season for three consecutive years. Colonies headed by 1-, 2- and 3-year-old queens produced 4721.43±511.85, 5523.08±490.07 and 3433.82±413.83 cm2 sealed brood, and constructed 0.07±0.07, 2.23±0.52 and 9.90±1.89 queen cell cups and swarm cells/colony with 1.86±0.38, 2.40±1.65 and 8.85±2.52 empty cells/100 cells/per colony, respectively. Honey harvested from 1- and 3-year-old queen colonies averaged 13.34±1.11 and 10.50±2.04 kg/colony/harvest, respectively. The colonies headed by 1-, and 2-year-old queens had more brood areas, better brood solidity, less number of queen cells but no significant differences in honey production compared to colonies headed by 3-year-old queens. Our results indicate that queen age has a significant effect on colony performances, suggesting that requeening every three years is adequate for our local honeybee colonies.
Keywords
Apis mellifera, Queen Age, Brood Rearing, Swarm Queen Cells, Queen Cell Cups
To cite this article
Zewdu Ararso Hora, Gemechis Legesse Yadeta, Tadele Alemu Hundie, Young Honeybee (Apis mellifera bandasii) Queens Perform Better than Old Ones, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 128-132. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20190706.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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