Isolation and Characterization of Antimicrobial Alkaloids from Plumeria alba Flowers against Food Borne Pathogens
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 1-6
Received: Aug. 4, 2014;
Accepted: Aug. 7, 2014;
Published: Aug. 19, 2014
Views 3464 Downloads 250
Sibi G., Department of Biotechnology, Indian Academy Degree College, Centre for Research and Post Graduate Studies, Bangalore, India
Apsara Venkategowda, Department of Biological Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore, India
Lepakshi Gowda, Department of Chemical Engineering, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
Many plants have been identified for their applications in preventing food pathogens but identification of active compounds are yet to be defined in most cases. The objective of this study was to explore the potential alkaloids from Plumeria alba and their activity against food pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. A total of six food borne pathogens namely Bacillus cereus ATCC 10876, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Salmonella typhimurium MTCC 3224, and Shigella flexneri ATCC 12022 were tested against the alkaloid extract from P. alba flowers under in vitro conditions. Antibacterial assay was evaluated using well diffusion assay and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were tested by broth microdilution method. Alkaloid profile of the extracts was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values revealed that Shigella flexneri ATCC 12022 was found to be the most sensitive organism (7.5 µg ml-1) followed by Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 (15 µg ml-1). Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 was more resistant to the extract with an MIC value of > 60 µg ml-1. Examination of the alkaloid profile of Plumeria alba flowers using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry resulted in the presence of 11 alkaloids of which 3 isoquinoline alkaloids, 2 pyridine alkaloids, 1 indole alkaloid, 1 vinca alkaloid and 1 resperine alkaloid were identified. According to the results, S. flexneri was found to be the most susceptible organism and it can be concluded that formulation of antimicrobial drugs containing P. alba flower extract to control food borne pathogens is feasible.
Isolation and Characterization of Antimicrobial Alkaloids from Plumeria alba Flowers against Food Borne Pathogens, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue:Recent Developments in Health Care through Plants and Microbes.
Vol. 2, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 1-6.
S.W. Pelletier. “The nature and definition of alkaloid. In: Alkaloids; chemical and biological perspectives”. Vol 1 (SW Pelletier, ed.,) Wiley, New York. pp. 1-31, 1983.
M.F. Roberts, M. Wink, “Alkaloids: Biochemistry, Ecology and Medicinal Applications”. Plenum press. New York. 1998.
G.A. Cordell, “Introduction to alkaloids. A biogenic approach”. Wiley, New York. 1983.
P. Wipf, J.T. Reeves, R. Balachandran, K.A. Giuliano, E. Hamel, B.W. Day, “Synthesis and biological evaluation of a focused mixture library of analogues of the antimitotic marine natural product curacin A,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 122, 9391-9395, 2000.
H.O. Edeoga, D.O. Eriata, “Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigeria medicinal plants,” J. Med. Aromatic Plant Sci., vol. 23, 344-349, 2001.
N.C. Bruce, “Alkaloids”, In: Rehm, H.J., Reed, G. (Eds.), Biotechnology: Biotransformations I, Volume 8a, Second ed. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany. 2008.
I. Rasooli, “Food preservation: a biopreservative approach,” Food., vol. 1, 111-136, 2007.
G. Sibi, S. Awasthi, K. Dhananjaya, H. Mallesha, K.R. Ravikumar, “Comparative studies of Plumeria species for their phytochemical and antifungal properties against citrus sinensis pathogens,” International Journal of Agricultural Research., vol. 7, 324-331, 2012.
G. Sibi, V. Apsara, K. Dhananjaya, H. Mallesha, K.R. Ravikumar, “Biological control of harvest fungal pathogens of sweet oranges by Plumeria latex,” Asian J. Plant Science and Research., vol. 2, 613-619, 2012.
G.M. Kuigoua, S.F. Kouam, B.T. Ngadjui, B. Schulz, I.R. Green, M.I. Choudhary, K. Krohn, “Minor secondary metabolic products from the stem bark of Plumeria rubra Linn. displaying antimicrobial activities,” Planta Med., vol. 76: 620-625, 2010.
S.N. Rasool, S. Jaheerunnisa, S.K. Chitta, K.N. Jayaveera, “Antimicrobial activities of Plumeria acutifolia,” J. Med. Plants Res., vol. 2, 77-80, 2008.
M.O. Hamburger, G.A. Cordell, N. Ruangrungsi, “Traditional medicinal plants of Thailand. XVII. Biologically active constituents of Plumeria rubra,” J. Ethnopharmacol., vol. 33: 289-292, 1991.
Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Vol. 22. P.A. Wayne, Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically. Approved Standards M7-A6, 2003.
M.E. Hensler, G. Bernstein, V. Nizet, A. Nefzi, “Pyrrolidine bis-cyclic guanidines with antimicrobial activity against drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens identified from a mixture-based combinatorial library,” Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., vol. 16: 5073-5079, 2004.
A.C. Ramas-Valdivia, R. van der Heijden, R. Verpoorte, “Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase and prenyltransferase activities in rubiaceous and apocynaceous cultures,” Phytochemistry., vol. 48, 961-969, 1998.
T.A. van Beck, R. Verpoorte, A.B. Svendsen, A.J. Leeuwenberg, N.G. Bisset, L/ Tabernaemontana, “(Apocynaceae): a review of its taxonomy, phytochemistry, ethnobotany and pharmacology,” J. Ethnopharmacol., vol. 10: 1-156, 1984.
S. Meschini, M. Condello, A. Calcabrini, M. Marra, G. Formisano, P. Lista, A. De Milito, E. Federici, G. Arancia, “The plant alkaloid voacamine induces apoptosis-independent autophagic cell death on both sensitive and multidrug resistant human osteosarcoma cells,” Autophagy., vol. 4, 1020-1033, 2008.
S. Meschini, M. Marra, M. Condello, A. Calcabrini, E. Federici, M.L. Dupuis, M. Cianfriglia, G. Arancia, “Voacamine, an alkaloid extracted from Peschiera fuchsiaefolia, inhibits P-glycoprotein action in multidrug-resistant tumor cells,” Int. J. Oncol., vol. 27, 1597-1603, 2005.
D. Ramanitrahasimbola, P. Rasoanaivo, S. Ratsimamanaga-Urverg, E. Federici, G. Palazzino, C. Galeffi, M. Nicoletti, “Biological activities of the plant-derived bisindole voacamine with reference to malaria,” Phytother. Res., vol. 15, 30-33, 2001.
N.V. Vinod, R. Shijina, K.V. Dileep, C. Sadasivan, “Inhibition of beta-lactamase by 1,4-naphthalenedione from the plant Holoptelea integrifolia,” Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., vol. 160, 1752-1759, 2010.
N.V. Vinod, M. Haridas, C. Sadasivan, “Isolation of 1,4-naphthalenedione, an antibacterial principle from the leaves of Holoptelea integrifolia and its activity against beta-lactam resistant Staphylococcus aureus,” Ind. J. Biochem. Biophys., vol. 47, 53-55, 2010.
S.B. Jaqtap, N.N. Patil, B.P. Kapadnis, B.A. Kulkarni, “Characterization and antimicrobial activity of Erbium(III) complexes of C-3 substituted 2-hydroxy-1,4-aphthalenedione-1-oxime derivatives,” Met. Based Drugs., vol. 8, 159-164, 2001.
S. Jantova, S. Stankovsky, K. Spirkova, “In vitro antibacterial activity of ten series of substituted quinazolines,” Biologia Bratislava., vol. 59, 741-752, 2004.
M.A. Medeiros, J.F. Pinho, D.P. De-Lira, J.M. Barbosa-Filho, D.A. Araujo, S.F. Cortes, V.S. Lemos, J.S. Cruz, “Curine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid, blocks L-type Ca²⁺ channels and decreases intracellular Ca2+ transients in A7r5 cells,” Eur. J. Pharmacol. vol. 669, 100-107, 2011.
M.L. Lohombo-Ekomba, P.N. Okusa, O. Penge, C. Kabongo, M.I. Choudhary, O.E. Kasende, “Antibacterial, antifungal, antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activities of Albertisis villosa,” J. Ethnopharmacol., vol. 93, 331-335, 2004.