American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Nov. 12, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 14, 2014;
Published: Nov. 22, 2014
Views 3384 Downloads 214
Zahra Bahadoran, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Zeinab Karimi, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Somayeh Abedini, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
There is growing evidence that healthy dietary patterns including Mediterranean, prudent, traditional and plant-food based dietary patterns could have favorable effects in breast cancer prevention but there are inconsistencies in this regard. In the current study we reviewed the current evidences in relation to healthy dietary patterns and the risk of breast cancer. Both positive and negative association between Mediterranean dietary pattern and scores as well as prudent and traditional diet and breast cancer risk were observed in case-control and cohort studies. These conflicting findings might be explained by several issue including different dietary assessment methods, different definitions of Mediterranean dietary pattern and score, measurement errors, race differences, and potential confounding variables adjusted in the models. The healthy dietary patterns with high loading of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes had been mainly accompanied with a considerable reduced risk of breast cancer in different races. It should be noted that menopausal and tumor's hormone receptor status, as well as body mass index of women had determinant role in the association of healthy dietary patterns and breast cancer risk. Protective effects of healthy dietary patterns against breast cancer were mainly observed in women with normal body weight (BMI<25 kg/m2). Further studies are required to clear the associations of dietary patterns and breast cancer risk.
Healthy Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Breast Cancer: A Review of Current Data, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: Nutrition and Cancer.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 1-5.
Jemal A, Siegel R, Xu J, Ward E. Cancer statistics, 2010. CA Cancer J Clin 2010; 60: 277-300.
Key TJ, Verkasalo PK, Banks E. Epidemiology of breast cancer. Lancet Oncol 2001; 2 :133–140.
Brekelmans CT. Risk factors and risk reduction of breast and ovarian cancer. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2003;15: 63–68.
Holmes MD, Willett WC. Does diet affect breast cancer risk? Breast Cancer Res 2004; 6: 170-178.
Michels KB, Mohllajee AP, Roset-Bahmanyar E, Beehler GP, Moysich KB. Diet and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies. Cancer 2007; 109 (12 Suppl): 2712-2749.
Gandini S, Merzenich H, Robertson C, Boyle P. Metaanalysis of studies on breast cancer risk and diet: the role of fruit and vegetable consumption and the intake of associated micronutrients. Eur J Cancer 2000; 36: 636–646
Bahadoran Z, Karimi Z, Houshiar-rad A, Mirzayi HR, Rashidkhani B. Dietary phytochemical index and the risk of breast cancer: a case control study in a population of Iranian women. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2013; 14: 2747-2751.
Bahadoran Z, Karimi Z, Houshiar-rad A, Mirzayi HR, Rashidkhani B. Is dairy intake associated to breast cancer? A case control study of Iranian women. Nutr Cancer 2013; 65: 1164-1170.
Karimi Z, Jessri M, Houshiar-Rad A, Mirzaei HR, Rashidkhani B. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk among women. Public Health Nutr 2013; 7: 1-9.
De Stefani E, Deneo-Pellegrini H, Boffetta P. Dietary patterns and risk of cancer: a factor analysis in Uruguay. Int J Cancer 2009; 124: 1391–1397
Wu AH, Yu MC, Tseng CC, Stanczyk FZ, Pike MC. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk in Asian American women. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 1145–1154.
Fung TT, Hu FB, Holmes MD, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, et al. Dietary patterns and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Int J Cancer 2005; 116: 116-121.
Velie EM1, Schairer C, Flood A, He JP, Khattree R, Schatzkin A. Empirically derived dietary patterns and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a large prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82: 1308-19.
Cade JE, Taylor EF, Burley VJ, Greenwood DC. Common dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer: analysis from the United Kingdom Women's Cohort Study. Nutr Cancer 2010; 62: 300-306.
Couto E, Sandin S, Löf M, Ursin G, Adami HO, Weiderpass E. Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk of breast cancer. PLoS One 2013; 8: e55374.
Buck K, Vrieling A, Flesch-Janys D, Chang-Claude J. Dietary patterns and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a German case-control study. Cancer Causes Control 2011; 22: 273-82.
Saura-Calixto F, Goñi I. Definition of the Mediterranean diet based on bioactive compounds. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2009; 49: 145-152.
Sofi F1, Macchi C, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A. Mediterranean diet and health. Biofactors 2013; 39: 335-342.
Cade JE, Taylor EF, Burley VJ, Greenwood DC. Does the Mediterranean dietary pattern or the Healthy Diet Index influence the risk of breast cancer in a large British cohort of women? Eur J Clin Nutr 2011; 65: 920–928.
Cottet V1, Touvier M, Fournier A, Touillaud MS, Lafay L, Clavel-Chapelon F, et al. Postmenopausal breast cancer risk and dietary patterns in the E3N-EPIC prospective cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 170: 1257-1267.
Fung TT1, Hu FB, McCullough ML, Newby PK, Willett WC, Holmes MD. Diet quality is associated with the risk of estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer in postmenopausal women. J Nutr 2006; 136: 466-472.
Buckland G1, Travier N, Cottet V, González CA, Luján-Barroso L, Agudo A, et al. Adherence to the mediterranean diet and risk of breast cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort study. Int J Cancer 2013; 132: 2918-2927.
Trichopoulou A, Bamia C, Lagiou P, Trichopoulos D. Conformity to traditional Mediterranean diet and breast cancer risk in the Greek EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 620-625.
Demetriou CA, Hadjisavvas A, Loizidou MA, Loucaides G, Neophytou I, Sieri S, et al. The Mediterranean dietary pattern and breast cancer risk in Greek-Cypriot women: a case-control study. BMC Cancer 2012; 12:113.
Wu AH1, Yu MC, Tseng CC, Stanczyk FZ, Pike MC. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk in Asian American women. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 1145-1154.
Murtaugh MA, Sweeney C, Giuliano AR, Herrick JS, Hines L, Byers T, et al. Diet patterns and breast cancer risk in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women: the Four-Corners Breast Cancer Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 87: 978-984.
Carruba G1, Granata OM, Pala V, Campisi I, Agostara B, Cusimano R, et al. A traditional Mediterranean diet decreases endogenous estrogens in healthy postmenopausal women. Nutr Cancer 2006; 56: 253-259.
Aune D, Chan DS, Vieira AR, Navarro Rosenblatt DA, Vieira R, Greenwood DC, et al. Dietary compared with blood concentrations of carotenoids and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2012; 96: 356-373.
Dong JY, Qin LQ. Soy isoflavones consumption and risk of breast cancer incidence or recurrence: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2011; 125: 315-323.
Tan AC, Konczak I, Sze DM, Ramzan I. Molecular pathways for cancer chemoprevention by dietary phytochemicals. Nutr Cancer 2011; 63: 495-505.
Waladkhani AR, Clemens MR. Effect of dietary phytochemicals on cancer development. Int J Mol Med 1998; 1: 747-753.
Liu RH. Potential synergy of phytochemicals in cancer prevention: mechanism of action. J Nutr 2004; 134(12 Suppl): 3479S-3485S.
Mene´ndez JA, Va´zquez-Martı´n A, Ropero S, Colomer R, Lupu R. HER2 (erbB-2)-targeted effects of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3), in breast cancer cells: the “fat features” of the “Mediterranean diet” as an “anti-HER2 cocktail”. Clin Transl Oncol 2006; 8: 812–820.
Warleta F, Campos M, Allouche Y. Squalene protects against oxidative DNA damage in MCF10A human mammary epithelial cells but not in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Food Chem Toxicol 2010;48:1092–1100.
Brennan SF, Cantwell MM, Cardwell CR, Velentzis LS, Woodside JV. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 91: 1294–1302.
Adebamowo CA, Hu FB, Cho E, Spiegelman D, Holmes MD, Willett WC. Dietary patterns and the risk of breast cancer. Ann Epidemiol 2005; 15: 789-795.
Tumas N, Niclis C, Aballay LR, Osella AR, Díaz Mdel P. Traditional dietary pattern of South America is linked to breast cancer: an ongoing case-control study in Argentina. Eur J Nutr 2014; 53: 557-566.
Agurs-Collins T, Rosenberg L, Makambi K, Palmer JR, Adams-Campbell L. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk in women participating in the Black Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 90: 621-628.
Velie EM, Schairer C, Flood A, He JP, Khattree R, Schatzkin A. Empirically derived dietary patterns and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a large prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82: 1308–1319.
Hirose K, Matsuo K, Iwata H, Tajima K. Dietary patterns and the risk of breast cancer in Japanese women. Cancer Sci 2007; 98:1431–1438.
Sieri S, Krogh V, Pala V, Muti P, Micheli A, Evngelista A, et al. Dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer in the ORDET cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004; 13: 567-572.
Butler LM, Wu AH, Wang R, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Yu MC. A vegetable-fruit-soy dietary pattern protects against breast cancer among postmenopausal Singapore Chinese women. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 91: 1013-1019.
Zhang CX, Ho SC, Fu JH, Cheng SZ, Chen YM, Lin FY. Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk among Chinese women. Cancer Causes Control 2011; 22: 115-124.
Ronco AL, De Stefani E, Boffetta P, Deneo-Pellegrini H, Acosta G, Mendilaharsu M. Food patterns and risk of breast cancer: a factor analysis study in Uruguay. Int J Cancer 2006; 119: 1672–1678.
Ronco AL, de Stefani E, Aune D, Boffetta P, Deneo-Pellegrini H, Acosta G, et al. Nutrient patterns and risk of breast cancer in Uruguay. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2010;11: 519-524.