Assessing the Effects of Aquatic Vegetation Composition on Waterbird Distribution and Richness in Natural Freshwater Lake of Malaysia
Aquatic vegetation structure and composition is a major driven factor which plays a significant role in waterbird foraging sites and habitat selection. Assessing the effects of aquatic vegetation composition on the distribution and richness of waterbird in a freshwater lake is a useful tool to understand the habitat requirement and preference of waterbird species for future better conservation and management. A total of 19 aquatic plants was recorded in the Paya Indah lake using 10 X 10 m quadrant method. Eleocharis variegata (13.0%), E. dulcis (12.0%), Scirpus mucronatus (11.0%), and Fimbristylis globulosa (10.0%) were the most dominant aquatic plants which cover around 46.0% of the lake area. Likewise, a total of 1492 bird individuals represnting 24 waterbird species and 8 families was recorded through direct observation using 10X50 binocular. Porphyrio porphyrio (17.02%), Amaurornis phoenicurus (15.82%), and Ardea purpurea (8.31%) were three most common waterbird species in the study area. In contrast, three waterbird species, namely Hydrophasianus chirurgus (0.8%), Tachybaptus ruficollis (0.6%), and Gallirallus striatus (0.54%) were the rarest i.e., recorded only a few individuals. Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient test illustrated that aquatic vegetation species have strong positive correlationship (i.e., r = 0.9259, P > 0.05) with waterbird species distribution and richness in the lake area. This showed that higher waterbird richness could be due to the diversity of aquatic vegetation species composition. Overall, the finding of this study highlighted that Paya Indah Lake is rich in aquatic vegetation structure and composition that had attracted a wide array of waterbird to perform various activities such as food, water, habitat and reproduce.
Abdoul Baset Hassen-Aboushiba,
Assessing the Effects of Aquatic Vegetation Composition on Waterbird Distribution and Richness in Natural Freshwater Lake of Malaysia, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 316-321.
Abrams, M.D. and A.D. Rodewald. 2002. Floristic and avian community structure: implications for regional changes in eastern forest composition. Forest Science, 48: 267–272.
Augenfeld, K.H., S.B. Franklin and D.H. Snyder. 2008. Breeding bird communities of upland hardwood forest 12 years after shelterwood logging. Forest Ecology and Management, 225: 1271–1282.
Barrett G., Silcock A., Barry S., Cunningham R. and Poulter R. 2003. New altlas of Autralian birds. Birds Australia, Melbourne.
Berg, A. 1997. Diversity and abundance in relation to forest fragmentation, habitat quality and heterogeneity. Bird Study, 44: 355–366.
Bersier L.F. and Meyer D.R. 1995. Relationship between bird assemblages, vegetation structure and floristic composition of mosaic patches in riparian forests. Rev Ecol-Terre Vie., 50: 15-33.
Block, W.M. and Brennan, L.A. 1993. The habitat concept in ornithology: theory and applications. Current Ornithology, 11: 35–89.
Bromham, L., Cardillo, M., Bennett, A.F. and Elgar, M.A. 1999. Effects of stock grazing on the ground invertebrate fauna of woodland remnants. Australian Journal of Ecology, 24: 199–207.
Brown, K. 2008. Effects of tree species, number of trees, basal area and understory vegetation on the abundance and diversity of avian species. Working Paper, Biological Station, University of Michigan (UMBS). Retrieved on 16th June, 2013 at URL: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/61500/ Brown _Katie_2008.pdf?sequence=1
Cousin, J.A. and Phillips, R.D. 2008. Habitat complexity explains species-specific occupancy but not species richness in Western Australian woodland. Australian Journal of Zoology, 56(2): 95–102
Cunningham R.B., Lindenmayer D.B., Crane M., Michael D., MacGregor C., Montague-Drake R. and Fischer J. 2008. The combined effects of remnant vegetation and tree planting on farmland birds. Conservation Biology, 22: 742–752.
Dami, F.D. and Manu, S.A. 2008. The bird species of Pandam Wildlife Park and the surrounding farmlands. Science World Journal, 3(1): 7–11.
Erwin, R.M. 1983. Feeding habitats of nesting wading birds: spatial use and social influences. Auk, 100: 96–970.
Fernández-Alaez, M., Fernández-Alaez, C. and Rodríguez, S. 2002. Seasonal changes in biomass of charophytes in shallow lakes in the northwest of Spain. Aquatic Botany, 72: 335–348.
Gabbe, A.P., S.K. Robinson, and J.D. Brawn. 2002. Tree-species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds: implications for floodplain forest restoration. Conservation Biology, 16: 462–470.
Goetz, S., D. Steinberg, R. Dubayah and B. Blair. 2007. Laser remote sensing of canopy habitat heterogeneity as a predictor of bird species richness in an eastern temperate forest, USA. Remote Sensing of Environment, 108: 254–263.
Hamel, N.J., Burger, A.E., Charleton, K., Davidson, P., Lee, S., Bertram, D.F. and Parrish, J.K. 2009. Bycatch and beached birds: assessing mortality impacts in coastal net fisheries using marine bird strandings. Marine Ornithology 37: 41–60.
Hauser, A., Attril, M.J. and Cotton, P.A. 2006. Effects of habitat complexity on the diversity and abundance of macrofauna colonising artificial kelp holdfasts. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 325: 93–100.
Henning B.M. and Remsburg A.J. 2009. Lakeshore vegetation effects on avian and anuran populations. The American Midland Naturilist, 161 (1): 123–133.
Hulbert, A.H. 2004. Species-energy relationships and habitat complexity in bird communities. Ecology Letters, 7: 714–720.
Isacch, J.P., Maceria, N.O., Bo, M.S., Demaria, M.R. and Peluc, S. 2005. Bird–habitat relationship in semi–arid natural grasslands and exotic pastures in the west pampas of Argentina. Journal of Arid Environments, 62: 267–283.
Kunz, T.H., E.B. Arnett. B.M. Cooper, W.P. Erickson, R.P. Larkin, T. Mabee, M.L. Morrison, M.D. Strickland, and J.M. Szewczak. 2007. Assessing impacts of wind energy development on nocturnally active birds and bats: a guidance document. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71: 2449–2486.
Lee, P.-Yi and J.T. Rottenberry. 2005. Relationships between bird species and trees species assemblages in forested habitats of eastern North America. Journal of Biogeography, 32: 1139–1150.
Magrath, M., Weston, M., Olsen, P. and Antos, M. 2008. Survey Guidelines for Australia’s Threatened Birds. Retrieved on 16th June, 2013 at URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/publications/pubs/survey-guidelines-birds.pdf
Marshall, M.R. and Cooper, R.J. 2004. Territory Size of a Migratory Songbird in Response to Caterpillar Density and Foliage Structure. Ecology, 85:432–445.
Mumby, P.J., Green, E.P., Edwards, A.J. and Clark, C.D. 1997. Measurement of seagrass standing crop using satellite and digital airborne remote sensing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 159: 51-60.
Rivers, J.W. 2000. Northern Harrier predation of White-faced Ibis. Wilson Bulletin, 112: 416–417.
Strong A.M. and T.W. Sherry 2000. Habitat-specific effects of food abundance on the condition of ovenbirds wintering in Jamaica. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69: 883–895.
Watson, J.E.M., Whittaker, R.J. and Dawson, T.P. 2004. Habitat structure and proximity to forest edge affects the abundance and distribution of forest dependent birds in tropical coastal forests of southern Madgascar. Biological Conservation, 120: 311–327.
Winter, M., Johnson, D.H. and Shaffer, J.A. 2005. Variability in vegetation effects on density and nesting success of grassland birds. Journal of Wildlife Management, 29 (1): 185–197.
Yates, M.G., Goss-Custard, J.D., McGrorty, S., Lakhani, K.H., Dit Durell, S.E.A.L.V., Clarke, R.T., Rispin, W.E., Moy, I., Yates, T. , Plant, R.A., and Frost, A.J. 1993. Sediment characteristics, invertebrate densities and shorebird densities on the inner banks of the Wash. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30: 599–614.
Zakaria, M., Rajpar, M.N., and Sajap, S.A. 2009. Species diversity and feeding guilds of birds in Paya Indah Wetland Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Zoological Research, 5(3): 86–100.
Zharikov, Y. and Skilleter, G.A. 2002. Sex-specific intertidal habitat use in sub-tropically wintering Bar-tailed Godwits. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80: 1918–1929.