American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 139-145
Received: Oct. 4, 2016;
Accepted: Oct. 22, 2016;
Published: Nov. 17, 2016
Views 3769 Downloads 162
Doris Besem Arrey, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Afui Mathias Mih, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Etake Sylvie Essomo, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Sugarcane is losing its diversity owing to the many uses including biofuel production and genetic erosion. This study was carried out to collect sugarcane germplasm in Western Cameroon and to identify their uses and possible genetic erosion. Information was gathered from selected villages in two agro-ecological zones in Western Cameroon. The data were gathered through questionnaire, interviews and group discussion with pre-identified informants in the study area. Field trips were made to sugarcane fields to observe sugarcane landraces. A total of 290 questionnaires were distributed out to 203 males and 87 females of diverse age groups between 20 and 70 years. Majority of the population interviewed (37.9%) were between the age 41 and 50 years. Eighty three percent of the population had attained primary education and were knowledgeable on sugarcane plant. Five sugarcane landraces were identified in the study. The landraces included ‘Buea sugarcane’, ‘Strong canda’, ‘Strong bark’, ‘Yellow cane’ and ‘Bakweri sugarcane’. These canes had varied uses ranging from food to medicine. The highest fidelity value was recorded by ‘Buea sugarcane’. There was genetic erosion of this plant due to lack of market, shortage of land, diseases and introduction of improved cash crops. The tendency of the uses of local sugarcanes in this study area point out that sugarcane plays a major role in the lives of the population. To minimize dangers of the emerging uses of sugarcane as biofuel and the threat to genetic erosion, the existing biodiversity needs to be conserved.
Doris Besem Arrey,
Afui Mathias Mih,
Etake Sylvie Essomo,
Sugarcane Germplasm Collection in Western Cameroon, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 139-145.
Marion, D., Oriol, P. and Domainque, R. 2002. The establishment of a sugarcane variety: Evaluation network for West and Central African Countries. Proceedings of South African Sugarcane Technology Association. 76.
Rahmatullah, M., A. Hasan, W. Parvin, Md. Moniruzzaman, A. Khatun, Z., Khatun, F., Israt, J., and Jahan, R. 2010. Medicinal plants and formulations used by the Soren clan of the Santal tribe in Rajshahi District, Bangladesh for treatment of various ailments. African Journal of Traditional Complement Alternative Medicine 9(3):350‐359.
Kadam U. S., Ghosh, Strayo, S. B., Suprasanna, De P., Devasagayam, T. P. A. and Bapat, V. A. 2008. Antioxidant activity in sugarcane juice and its protective role against radiation induced DNA damage. Food Chemistry 106: 1154–1160.
Singh, A., Lal, U. R. Mukhtar, H. M. Singh, P. S. Shah., G. and Dhawan, R. K. 2015. Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects. Phamacognosy Review 9 (17): 45-54.
Almaraj, V. A. and Balasundaram, N. (2006).The taxonomy of the members of ‘Saccharum complex.’ Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 35–41.
Bele YM, Focho DA, Egbe E A, Chuyong BG. 2011. Ethnobotanical survey of the uses of the members of Annonaceae around Mount Cameroon African. Journal of Plant Sciences (17):45-54. doi: 10.4103/0973-7847.156340.
Graham von M., Lorren H., Maxwell M. and Alan B. 2009. Analysis of opportunities for biofuel production in sub-Saharan Africa. Environment Brief. www.cifor.cgiar.org, 19/2/2016.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 2008. The state of food and agriculture: Biofuels – prospects, risks and opportunities. FAO, Rome.
Egbe E. A. and P. T. Tabot, 2011. Carbon sequestration in eight woody non-timber species and their economic potentials in South west Cameroon. Applied ecology of the Environmental Research 9: 369-385.
Focho DA, Ndam WT, Fonge BA (2009a). Medicinal plants of Aguambu-Bamumbu in the Lebialem highlands, southwest province of Cameroon. African Journal of Pharmacology 3(1):1-13.
Chambers, R. 1994. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA): Analysis of Experience. World development 22(9): 1253-1268.
Artschwager, 1948a. Vegetative characteristics of some wild forms of Saccharum and related grasses. U.S. Department of Agricultural technological Bulletin 69pp 951.
Alexiades M. N. 1996. Selected guidelines for ethnobotanical research: A Field Manual. Advances in Economic Botany, 10. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
Girei A. A. and Giroh D. Y. 2012. Analysis of the Factors Affecting Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Production under the Out growers Scheme in Muman Local Government Area Adamawa State, Nigeria. Advances in Agriculture, Sciences and Engineering Research 2(5): 158 – 164.
Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK 2015 Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects. Pharmacognocy Review 5(3):1-11.
Smith, M., Poggio, M. J., Thompsom, M. and Collier, A. 2014. The economics of pesticide management practices on sugarcane farms: Final synthesis Report. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), Queenland.
Hammond, A. L. 1977. Alcohol: A Brazilian answer to the energy crisis. Science 195:564–566.
El-Abasy, M. M., Motobu, M., Sameshima, T., Koge, K. and Hirota Y. 2003. Ajuvant effect of sugarcane extract (SCE) in chicken. Journal of veterinary science 65: 117-119.
Kawashima, T., W. Sumamal, P. Pholsen, R. Chaitiang and Boonpakdee, W. 2002. The use of sugarcane stalks for feeding lactating cows. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 15 (2): 205-208.
Suksombat, W. and Junpanichcharoen, P. 2005. Feeding of Sugarcane Silage to Dairy Cattle during the Dry Season. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 18(8): 1125-1129.
Savitha S. 2012. Ayurveda Medicinal Properties of Sugarcane and Sugarcane Juice. Pp 13.
Subbannayya K., Bhat, G. K., Shetty, S. and Junu V. G. 2007. How safe is sugarcane juice. Indian Journal of medical Microbiology. 25(1):73-74.
Ndah, N. R. A. E. Egbe, E Bechem, S. Asaha, T. Yengo, E. L. Chia., and Eyenieh N. M. 2013. Ethnobotanical study of commonly used medicinal plants of the Takamanda Rainforest South West, Cameroon. African Journal of Plant Science 7(1): 21-34.
Freemark, K. E., Boutin, C. and Keddy, C. J. 2002. Importance of farmland habitats for conservation of plant species. Conservation Biology 16: 399–412.
Gao, L. Z. (2003). The conservation of Chinese rice biodiversity: genetic erosion, ethnobotany and prospects. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 50: 17–32.
Saunders, D. A., Hobbs, R. J. and Margules, C. R. (1991). Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review. Conservation Biology 5:18–32.