Agroecological Zoning and Land Suitability Assessment for Maize (Zea mays L.) Development in Buton Regency, Indonesia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 202-211
Received: Jul. 22, 2013; Published: Oct. 20, 2013
Views 3764      Downloads 309
Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of agriculture, Haluoleo University, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Sumbangan Baja, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Ambo Ala, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi 90245 Indonesia
Kaimuddin , Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi 90245 Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
From a regional planning perspective, information on agroecological zones, land characteristics and its suitability for a certain land use type is needed for more efficient land management decisions. The main aim of this paper is to assess land characteristics and to evaluate land suitability for maize cultivation on a regional basis. This research was conducted from August 2012 to February 2013 on 10 locations (sub-districts), in the main land of Buton Island, Indonesia, namely: Batauga, Sampolawa, Lapandewa, Wabula, Pasarwajo, Wolowa, Siontapina, South Lasalimu, Lasalimu, and Kapontori. Three main stages were undertaken in this study: survey, mapping, and evaluation, to assess land suitability for maize development. Land suitability map for maize was developed in GIS, based on such parameters as climate (air temperature, air humidity, and rainfall), soils (texture, pH, C-organics, clay CEC, drainage, and erosion condition), and physiography (topography, landform, and altitude). Land suitability classes were grouped into very suitable (S1), moderately suitable (S2), marginally suitable (S3), currently not suitable (N1), and permanently not suitable (N2). The results show that due to severe limiting factors, suitable land (class S3) covers only a total area of 509.60 ha, or only 0.64% of the total potential area for development (74,664 ha). This was mainly located in Sampolawa sub-district 405.34 ha (0.54%) and Kapontori 104.26 ha (0.14%). Other locations in general, fall into permanently not suitable class (N2) with a total area of 61,113.08 (81.85%), where the largest area was found in Pasarwajo 12,616.68 (16.90%); and currently not suitable class (N1) covers only 13,042.01 ha (17.47%), where the largest area was in South Lasalimu 6,5459.23 ha (8.32%). This research may be useful as references for efficient spatial decision making in the allocation of maize in the region.
Agroecological Zoning, Land Suitability, Maize, GIS, Buton Regency
To cite this article
Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Sumbangan Baja, Ambo Ala, Kaimuddin , Agroecological Zoning and Land Suitability Assessment for Maize (Zea mays L.) Development in Buton Regency, Indonesia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 202-211. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20130206.11
Akdemir S., H. Akcaoz, H. Kizilay, and A. Ozalp. 2012. Impacts of climate factors on wheat yields in Turkey. Journal of Food. Agriculture & Environment, Vol. 10 (2): 398-402. WFLPublizer, Science and Technology. Helzinki Finland.
Ande, O.T. 2011. Soil suitability evaluation and management for cassava production in the derived savanna of South Western Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Science. 6(2):142-149. Academic Journals Inc.
Ashraf S., H. Afshari, R. Munokyan, and A. G. Ebadi. 2010. Multicriteria land suitability evaluation for barley by using GIS in damghan plain (Northeast of Iran). Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment Vol.8 (3&4): 626-628. 2010. WFL Publisher, Science and Technology. Meri-Rastilantie 3 B, FI-00980. Helsinki, Finland, e-mail:
Awotoye, O. O. and O. J. Matthew. 2009. Effects of temporal changes in climate variables on crop production in tropical sub-humid South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture, Biotechnology & Ecology, 2(3), 408-419, 2009. ISSN: 2006-3938.
Baja, S. 2001. The Quality of the land : Using GIS for continuous-based land suitability assessment in the Sydney Region. GIS User, 44: 32-33.
Baja, S. 2012. Perencanaan tata guna lahan dalam pengembangan wilayah: Pendekatan spasial dan aplikasinya. Penerbit ANDI, Yogyakarta.
Baja, S. 2012a. The Sleeping Giant. Buton Raya. Isyarat ilmiah menguak takbir tujuh. Penerbit. Pemda Kota Bau-Bau Kerjasama dengan Puslitbang Witaris, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.
Baja, S. 2012b. Metode analitik evaluasi sumber daya lahan: Aplikasi GIS, Fuzzy Set, dan MCDM. Penerbit: IDENTITAS. Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.
[Bappeda] Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Buton. 2010. Penyusunan master plan kawasan pengembangan sektor unggulan (Agromarine) Kabupaten Buton. ALBUM PETA (Buku II). Bappeda Buton.
[Bakosurtanal] Badan Koordinasi Survey dan Pemetaan Nasional. 2010. Atlas Nasional Indonesia. Fisik dan Lingkungan Alam (Volume 1). Potensi dan sumberdaya, sejarah, wilayah, penduduk, dan budaya. Bakosurtanal, Jakarta.
[BPS Buton] Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Buton. 2011. Kabupaten Buton dalam Angka. Pasarwajo: BPS Kab. Buton.425 hal. Dicetak oleh: CV. Kainawa Molagina Bau-Bau.
Djaenudin, D., Marwan H., dan A. Hidayat. 2003. Petunjuk teknis evaluasi lahan untuk komoditas pertanian. Versi 3. 2000. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Puslitbang Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor.
Djaenudin, D. 2009. Prospek penelitian potensi sumberdaya lahan di wilayah Indonesia. Journal Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian 2(4): 2009 243-257. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Jalan Ir. H. Juanda No. 98, Bogor 16123.
[FAO] Food Agricultural Organization. 1976. A Framework for land evaluation. FAO Soils Bulletin No.32, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.
Hartkamp, A.D., J.W. White, A. Rodríguez Aguilar, M. Bänziger, G. Srinivasan, G. Granados, and J. Crossa. 2000. Maize production environments revisited: A GIS-based approach. Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT.
Joshi, N.Prakash, Maharjan, K. Lall, P. Luni. 2011. Effect of climate variabels on yield of major food-crops in Nepal. Journal of Contemporary India Studies: Space and Society Studies and Society. Hiroshima University.
Lavalle, C., Micale F., Houston T. D., Camia A., Hiederer R., Lazar C., Conte C., Amatulli G., Genovese G. 2009. Climate change in Europe. Impact on agriculture and forestry. A. Review, Agron. Sustain. Dev. 29, 433-446.
Mueller, L.U. Schindler, W. Mirschel., T.G. Shepherd, B.C. Ball., K. Helming., J. Rogasik, F. Eulenstein, H. Wiggering. 2010. Assesing the productivity functions of soils. A Review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30. 601-614. INRA.EDP. Sciences.
Mulyani, A. 2001. Petunjuk teknis penyusunan peta pewilayahan komoditas pertanian berdasarkan zona agroekologi skala 1:50.000. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat. Bogor.
Niggol, S. R., Mendelsohn, Pradeep, Kurukulasuriya, A.Dinar, Rashid, Hassan. 2008. Differential adaptation strategies to climate change in African cropland by agro-ecological zones. Policy Research Working Paper, 4600. The World Bank evelopment Research Group Sustainable Rural and Urban Development Team. April 2008.
Oldeman, L.R. 1975. An agro-climate map of Java, Central research Institute for Agriculture, Bogor, No. 17.
Peter G. J. and P.K. Thorntonb. 2003. The Potential impacts of climate change on maize production in Africa and Latin America in 2055. Global Environmental Change 13 (2003) 51–59.
Rossiter, D.G. 1994. Land evaluation. Cornell University College of Agr & Life Sciences Department of Soil, Crop & Atmospheric Science, Australia.
Rounselvell M.D.A., and D.S. Reay. 2009. Land use and climate change in UK. Land Use Policy 26S, S160-S169. Elsevier.
Siderius, W. 1986. Land evaluation for land-use planning and conservation in sloping areas, Netherlands: International Institute For Land and Improvement.
Soekardi, M. 1993. Mengenal peta tanah. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat. Bogor.
Soekarman, 1993. Pengamatan tanah di lapang. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat Bogor. Bogor.
Soil Survey Division Staff, 1993. Soil survey manual. USDA Handbook No.18. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.
Soil Survey Laboratory Staff, 1991. Soil survey laboratory methods manual. SCS-USDA. October 1991; 611p.
Soil Survey Staff. 2010. Keys to soil taxonomy. Eleventh Edition. United States Department of Agriculture,Natural Resources Conservation Service. Washington DC.
Wirosoedarmo R., A. T. Sutanhaji, E.Kurniati dan R. Wijayanti. 2011. Evaluasi kesesuaian lahan untuk tanaman jagung menggunakan metode analisis spasial. Journal AGRITECH, Vol. 31, No. 1, Februari 2011. Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Jurusan Keteknikan Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186