Human-Wildlife Conflicts: Case Study in Wondo Genet District, Southern Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 352-362
Received: Sep. 15, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 24, 2014;
Published: Sep. 30, 2014
Views 4154 Downloads 572
Muluken Mekuyie Fenta, Animal nutritionist, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Wondo Genet, Ethiopia
Follow on us
The purpose of this research was to identify the type of human- wildlife conflicts and wild mammals that cause the conflict, determine the extent of damage and to provide a better understanding of the causes of human-wildlife conflict in Wondo Genet district. The study was carried out from December 2013 to June 2013. Four sample areas were selected to collect data on human-wildlife conflict; Gotu, Wosha Soyoma and Wethera Kechema villages and Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources. Data were collected using questionnaires, one to one interviews, observations and cross checking of crop loss using quadrants in selected crop lands, reviewing of literature, and was later analyzed using statistical package for social scientists (SPSS). In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the target population comprised the households living in sampled areas, local administrators and staffs who lived within Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources. The study established that crop damages, livestock killing, human disruption and property destruction were some of the mostly reported damages. The results of the study further indicated that animal species most involved in HWC were warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), bush pig (Potamochoerus larvatus), vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus), Olive baboon (Papio anubis), porcupine (Hystrix cristata), Giant mole rat (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus) and African civet (Civettictis civetta). They were involved mostly in crop raiding/ damage. Most raided crops were maize (Zea mays), sugar cane (Saccharum africanum) and Enset (Ensete ventricosum). Over 75% of the population of Wondo Genet district was affected by crop raiders. Therefore, conservation education is paramount, coherent land use plans should be emphasized to determine where certain crops can be grown.
Human-Wildlife Conflict, Crop Loss, Raiding Pests
To cite this article
Muluken Mekuyie Fenta,
Human-Wildlife Conflicts: Case Study in Wondo Genet District, Southern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2014, pp. 352-362.
Belaynesh Zewdie. 2002. Perceptions of Forest Resource Changes in and around Wondo Genet Catchment and Its near Future Impacts, unpublished MSc Thesis, Wondo Genet College of Forestry. Stakeholder attitudes in Virginia. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:139-147.
Fernando, P., E. Wikramanayake, D. Weerakoon, L. K. A. Jayasinghe, M. Gunawardene, and H. K. Janaka. 2005. Perceptions and patterns of human-elephant conflict in old and new settlements in Sri Lanka: insights for mitigation and management. Biodiversity and Conservation 14:2465-2481.
Hill, C. M. 1998. Conflicting Attitudes Towards Elephants Around the Budungo Forest Reserve. Environ. Conser. 25: 244-250.
Hill, C.M. 2000. Conflict of interest between people and baboons: Crop raiding in
Kagiri, J.W (2000) ―Human –Wildlife conflicts in Kenya: A conflict Resolution concept‖. Farmers Perspective 43-45 6. Lahm, S. 1996. A Nation Wide Survey of Crop Raiding by Elephants and other Species in Gabon. Pachyderm, 21: 69-77.
Naughton-Treves, L. 1998. Predicting Patterns of Crop Damage by Wildlife around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Conserv. Biol. 12: 156-168.
Sukumar, R. 1990. Ecology of the Asian elephant in southern India. II. Feeding habits and crop raiding patterns. Journal of Tropical Ecology 6:33-53
Yirdaw, E. 2002. Restoration of the native wood species diversity, using plantation species as faster trees, in the degraded highlands of Ethiopia. University of Helsinki (Ph.D. thesis), Helsinki, Finland.