Investigating the Role of Apiculture in Watershed Management and Income Improvement in Galessa Protected Area, Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 380-385
Received: Sep. 20, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 5, 2014;
Published: Oct. 30, 2014
Views 3880 Downloads 494
Tura Bareke Kifle, Holeta Bee Research Centre, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
Kibebew Wakjira Hora, Holeta Bee Research Centre, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
Admassu Addi Merti, Holeta Bee Research Centre, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Holeta, Ethiopia
Beekeeping gives local people economic incentive for the preservation of natural habitats and is an ideal activity in watershed conservation program. The study was designed to assess and demonstrate the contribution of improved beekeeping for income generation and sustainable watershed management in Galessa protected area. For this purpose households were purposively selected based on their interest in beekeeping, experience in traditional beekeeping and proximity of residence to watershed areas. Training on beekeeping and integrations of beekeeping with watershed management were provided. Data of honey yield, bee plants, and annual income obtained from honey and field crops before and after improved beekeeping intervention were collected. Accordingly, the mean annual honey yield, income obtained from honey sales, bee forage planting practice and number of transitional hives owned by the beekeepers are significantly different between the sample households (P<0.05) before and after intermediate beekeeping intervention but the number of traditional hives owned was not significantly different between the household . The total honey yield has increased almost by two fold and the annual revenue increased by 6.5 folds. Therefore integration of intermediate beekeeping technology with conservation of watershed can enhance the income of household and encourages planting of bee forages which directly contributes for sustainable watershed managements. Thus demonstration and scaling up improved beekeeping technology should be promoted for sustainable watershed rehabilitation and to diversify the household income.
Tura Bareke Kifle,
Kibebew Wakjira Hora,
Admassu Addi Merti,
Investigating the Role of Apiculture in Watershed Management and Income Improvement in Galessa Protected Area, Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2014, pp. 380-385.
Adugna, W. 2002. Genetic diversity analysis of linseed under different environments. PhD thesis, Department of Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agric. Univ. of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
Albers, H.J. and Robinson, E.J. 2011. The trees and the bees: using enforcement and income projects to protect forests and rural livelihoods through spatial joint production. Agricultural and resource economics review 40/3: 424–438.
Alemtsehay, T. 2011. Seasonal availability of common bee flora in relation to land use and colony performance in Gergera watershed Atsbi Wembwrta District Eastern Zone of Tigray, M.Sc Thesis, Wondo Genet College of Forestry, School Of Graduate Studies, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Arse Gebeyehu, Tesfaye Kebede, Sebsibe Zuber, Tekalign Gutu, Gurmessa Umeta, Tesfaye Lemma and Feyisa Hundessa, 2010. Participatory rural appraisal investigation on beekeeping in Arsi Negelle and Shashemene districts of West Arsi zone of Oromia, Ethiopia
Debissa, L. 2006. The Roles of Apiculture in Vegetation Characterization and Household Livelihoods in Walmara District, Central Ethiopia. M.sc. Thesis, Wondo Genet College of Forestry, School Of Graduate Studies, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Decourtye, A; Mader, E. & Desneux, N. 2010. Landscape enhancement of floral resources for honey bees in agroecosystems.Apidologie, Vol.41, pp. 264-277.
Falconer D.S and Mackay T.F.C.1996 Introduction to Quantitative Genetics.4th ed. Longman Group Ltd., Malaysia, 464 pp.
FAO (2001). Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000–main report. FAO Forestry Paper No. 140, Rome.
FAO, 2003. State of the World’s Forests. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
FAO, (2004). Conservation and management of pollinators for sustainable agriculture–The International response. A contribution to the International Workshop on solitary bees and their role in pollination held in Berberibe, Cerara, Brazil, PP 19-25.
GRM International (2007) .Livestock Development master plan study phase I report-Data collection analysis Volume - Apiculture
Hussein, M. 2000. Beekeeping in Africa. In: Apiacta 1/2000: 32 – 48.
Legesse Negash. (2002). Review of research advances in some selected African trees with special reference to Ethiopia. [Review article]. Ethiop. J. Biol. Sci. 1: 81-126.
Lietaer, C. 2009. Impact of beekeeping on forest conservation, preservation of forest ecosystems and poverty reduction. XIII World Forestry Congress, 18 – 23, Argentina.
Mekonnen, K. (2007),“Evaluation of selected indigenous and exotic tree and shrub species for soil fertility improvement and fodder production in the highland areas of western Shewa, Ethiopia”, doctoral thesis, Department for Forest and Soil Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna.
Paterson, P.D. (1999), Constraints in transforming traditional to modern beekeeping in Kenya. In the conservation and utilization of commercial insects, Proceedings of the first international workshop, (Raina, S.K, Kioko, E.N. and Mwanycky, eds.). Nairobi, 18-21 August, 1997. pp 95-102.
Regassa Ensermu, W.Mwangi, Hugo Verkuijle and Mohammed Hussen. 1998. Farmers’ Seed Sources and Seed Management in ChilaloAwuraja, Ethiopia. Mexico, D. F: IAR/CIMMYT
Steffan-Dewenter, I. and Kuhn, A. 2003. Honeybee foraging in differentially structured landscapes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, Vol.270 pp. 569-575.
Tolera Kumsa Gemeda. Integrating Improved Beekeeping as Economic Incentive to Community Watershed Management: The Case of Sasiga and Sagure Districts in Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, pp. 52-57.doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140301.19