Assessing the Effectiveness of Ethnomedicinal Products on Banana Weevils Using REML
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 420-426
Received: Oct. 6, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 24, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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Authors
Bwogi Godfrey, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Mwine Julius, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Jumba Francis, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Murongo Marius, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Grace Njeri Njoroge, Faculty of Science, Jomo Kenyatta University of Science and Technology, P.O Box 62000 Nairobi, Kenya
Kabango Freddie, Production Department, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P.O Box 634 Masaka District, Uganda
Mutumba Nakulima Kyeswa Pross, Production Department, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P.O Box 634 Masaka District, Uganda
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Abstract
This study investigated the effect of applying selected banana pest control treatments on management of banana weevils. The data was collected on 283 banana plants picked at random; from 29 farmers selected using a snowball sampling technique. Treatments used were ethnomedicinal products, synthetic chemicals, cultural practices in plantation planted from suckers and those planted from tissue culture. Since data was spatially collected, it was analyzed using Restricted Maximum likelihood Estimator (REML). REML was used to estimate the PCI after a square root transformation. The statistical analysis indicated a significant difference between plantations where synthetic chemicals, clean planting materials (tissue culture), cultural practices and ethnomedicinal products were used. There was also significant variation resulting from different varieties grown. However, there was no significant variation resulting from the response of different varieties to the different treatments. Results also indicated that garden where the cleaning materials had been used had the least percentage of banana weevil infection. This study found out that there was no significant difference in damage caused by banana weevils in banana plantations where synthetic chemicals and ethnomedicinal extracts were applied. Thus given the results, the study concluded that ethnomedicinal products can be used by farmers to manage banana weevils. The study recommends that further studies should be carried out to assess efficacy of the identified potential plants with pesticidal properties under controlled experiment.
Keywords
Ethnomedicine, Restricted Maximum Likelihood, Percentage Coefficient of Infestation
To cite this article
Bwogi Godfrey, Mwine Julius, Jumba Francis, Murongo Marius, Grace Njeri Njoroge, Kabango Freddie, Mutumba Nakulima Kyeswa Pross, Assessing the Effectiveness of Ethnomedicinal Products on Banana Weevils Using REML, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 420-426. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140305.25
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