Response of Maize to FYM, Gypsum and Pore Volume of Leaching Water in Saline Sodic Soil of Bisidimo, Babile District, Eastern Lowlands of Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 29-35
Received: Jan. 8, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 29, 2015;
Published: Feb. 16, 2015
Views 3650 Downloads 281
Assefa Adane, Chemistry Department of Hawassa College of Teacher Education, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Heluf Gebrekidan, School of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences of Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Kibebew Kibret, School of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences of Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
A green house experiment was conducted during Oct-Dec2012 to evaluate the efficiency of selected treatment combinations of FYM, gypsum and pore volume (PV) of leaching water on growth parameters (number of leaves, plant height, leaf area, fresh and dry biomass) of maize (Zea mays L.) crop. Treatments included the combinations of the two rates (0 and 20 t ha-1) of FYM, four rates of gypsum (0, 50, 75 and 100% gypsum requirement, GR) and three (1.0, 2.0 and 3.0) PV of leaching water arranged in complete randomized design with three replications. The results indicated that growth parameters of maize showed significant (p < 0.005) response to combined application of treatments. Similarly, the responses of growth parameters to combined application of gypsum and PV of water were also significant. Maximum growth parameters were observed in the plots that received 20 t FYM ha-1 + 100% GR + 3.0 PV of water compared to other combinations. Results also indicated that increasing the GR by 25% showed consistent improvement in crop growth parameters across each PV of leaching water. Analysis of the post harvest soils showed that soils received combined applications of treatments decreased pH, ECe and SAR of saline sodic soils. However, significantly (p < 0.01) higher decrease in pH, ECe and SAR were recorded in the combined application of 20 t FYM ha-1 + 100% GR + 3.0 PV of water. Combination of 20 t FYM ha-1 + 50% GR + 3.0 PV of leaching water reduced pH, ECe and SAR by 7.5, 23.5 and 10.0% over the control, respectively. This combination is deemed suitable for improving soil properties to agriculturally permissible limits and for optimal maize crop production. Hence, this combination can be recommended for the production of economically optimal maize crop production in saline sodic soil of Baile low lands.
Response of Maize to FYM, Gypsum and Pore Volume of Leaching Water in Saline Sodic Soil of Bisidimo, Babile District, Eastern Lowlands of Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2015, pp. 29-35.
E.A. Amezketa, R. Aragues, R. Gazol, Efficiency of sulfuric acid, mined gypsum and two gypsum by-products in soil crusting prevention and sodic soil reclamation. Agronomy of Journal. 97: 983-989.1988.
B.Alawi, J. Stroehlem, F. Hanlonand F. Turner. Quality of irrigation water and effect of sulphuric acid and gypsum on soil properties and Sudan grass yield. Soil Science. 129: 315-319.1980. 2005.
I.A Ahmet, Reclamation of saline and sodic soil by using divided doses of phosphogypsum in cultivated condition. Central Research Institute of Soil, Fertilizer and Water Resources, Ankara, Turkey. 2011.
R.S. Ayers, and D.W. Westcott, Water Quality for Irrigation. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29. FAO: Rome. 1985.
J.K. Balyan and P. Singh, B.S. Sumpawat and L.K. Jain, Effect of integrated nutrient management on maize (Zea mays L.) growth and its nutrients uptake. Current Agriculture.30: 79-82. 2006.
P.K. Chhonkar, Organic farming: Science and belief. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 5: 365-377. 2003.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), Guidelines for soil profile description, 3rd edn.FAO, Rome, Italy. 1990.
B.Gizaw, Characterization and Classification of the Soils and Irrigation Water Sources of the Bisidimo areas. Babile District in East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University. 2006.
B.S. Ghuman and H.S. Sur, Effect of manuring on soil properties and yield of rain fedwheat. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 54: 6-11. 2006.
M.M. Haque, Variety development of maize and its characteristics in Bangladesh. Production and Uses of Maize in Bangladesh. Published by BARI, CIMMYT and Integrated. 2003.
A. Hanay, F. Buyuksonmez, F.M. Kizilolu and M.Y. Canbolat, Reclamation of saline sodic soils with gypsum and MSW compost. Compost Science Utilization. 12: 175-179. 2004.
H. Izhar, B. Muhammad and F. Iqbal, Effect of gypsum and FYM on soil properties and wheat crop irrigated with brackish water. 2007.
M. A. Kwaer, E.A. Sayad, M.S. Ewees, Soil and plant analysis as a guide for interpretation of the improvement efficiency of organic conditioners added to different soil in Egypt. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 29: 2067–2088.
Y. Liang, S. Nikolic, M. Peng, W. Chen and Y. Jiang, Organic manure stimulates biological activity and barley growth in soil subject to secondary salinization/ sodification. Sols Biology and Biochemistry. 37:1185-1195. 2005.
MoA (Ministry of Agriculture), Agroecological Zones of Ethiopia, Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department, Addis Ababa. 1998.P.S. Minhas, Use of saline waters for irrigation. Salinity management for sustainableAgriculture. CSSRI. Karnal, India. 205p.1994.
A.B. Mohd. R. Singh and K. Anshuman, Effect of integrated use of farmyard manure and fertilizer nitrogen with and without sulphur on yield and quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Journal of Soil Society of Soil Science.55: 224-226. 2007.
M. A. Motalib, Use of maize as fodder. Production and uses of maize in Bangladesh. Published by BARI, CIMMYT and Integrated Maize Development Project, Bangladesh. p 142145. 2003.
M. Qadir, J. Oster, S. Schubert, A. Noble and K. Sahrawat, Remediation of sodic and saline sodic soil. Journal advances in Agronomy. 96: 17-247. 2007.
Z.I. Raza, M.S. Rafiq and R. Abdu, Gypsum application in slots for reclamation of saline sodic soils. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 3: 281-285. 2001.
G.D. Rezende and M.P. Ramalho, Competitive ability of maize and common beans(Phaseilus vulgaris) cultivars intercropped in different environment. Journal of AgriculturalScience.123: 185–190. 1994.
P. R. Ryan, E. Delhaize and D. L. Jones. Function and echanism of organic anion exudation from plant roots. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 52:527–560. 2001.
M. Sardina, T. Muller, H. Schmeisky and R.G. Joerensen, Microbial performance in soils along a salinity gradient under acidic conditions. Journal of applied soil ecology 23: 237-244. 2003.
K. Prapagar, S.P. Indraratne1 and P. Premanandharajah, Effect of Soil Amendments on Reclamation of Saline-Sodic Soil. Tropical Agricultural Research 23: 168 –176 (2012).
Y.P. Singh, S. Ranbir and S.K. Sharma, Com binedeffect of reduced dose of gypsum and salt tolerant varieties of rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) on rice-wheat cropping system in sodic soils. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 54: 24-28. 2009.
Z. Sestak, Castsky and P.G. Jarvis, Plant photosynthetic production.Manual of methods (Ed.) W. Junk N.V., Publications. The Hunghus, p.343-381.1971
A.Swarp and N.P. Yaduvanshi, Effects of Integrated nutrient Management on soil properties and yield of rice in alkali soils. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 48: 279-282. 2004.
M. Tajada, C. Garcia, J.L. Gonzalea and M.T. Hernadez, Use of organic amendments as a strategy for saline soil remediation: influence on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. 2006.
A. Wahid, S. Akhtar, I. Ali and E. Rasul, Amelioration of saline-sodic soils with OM and their use for wheat growth. Commun. Soil Science and Plant Analalysis.29: 2307-2318. 1998.
J.J. Muhammad, T.J. Mohammad, U.K. Amin, A. Arif, Management of saline sodic soil through cultural practices and gypsum. Pakistan Journal of Biotechnology, 42: 4143-4155, 2010.