Evaluating the Efficacy of Pituitary Gland Extracts and Ovaprim in Induced Breeding and Fry Quality of Clarias gariepinus, Burchell (Pisces: Claridae)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 71-76
Received: Mar. 2, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 17, 2015;
Published: Mar. 24, 2015
Views 4192 Downloads 301
Efe Okere, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Ebere Samuel Erondu, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Nenibarini Zabbey, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
This study compared the effectiveness of Ovaprim and pituitary gland extract (PGE) in induced spawning of the African mud catfish, Clarias gariepinus, using reproductive output and fry quality indices. At a mean temperature of 26.0 ±0.700C, latency period for Ovaprim and PGE were 613 and 745 minutes, respectively. Workers fecundity was significantly higher (p<0.05) for brooders treated with Ovaprim (36086.00 ±7215.50eggs) than PGE induced spawners (20978.00 ±6782.15 eggs). Hatching rates also followed the same trend, in which significantly higher hatching success was recorded for Ovaprim ovulated eggs (83.5%) than PGE induced eggs (63.7%). Fry survival rate was 81.90 ±1.10% for Ovaprim treated fish, while PGE induced fish fry had 77.73±1.33%; percentage deformed fry was significantly minimal for Ovaprim treated. However, all Ovaprim-treated spent fish died few hours post stripping, contrary to PGE spent brooders that were fully recovered. Production cost analyses revealed that the use of Ovaprim resulted in about 25% cost reduction. It is thus concluded that Ovaprim is superior to PGE in induction of breeding in Clarias gariepinus. This notwithstanding, the mortality suffered by all the spent fish treated with Ovaprim raises food safety concerns. This however, needs to be validated.
Ebere Samuel Erondu,
Evaluating the Efficacy of Pituitary Gland Extracts and Ovaprim in Induced Breeding and Fry Quality of Clarias gariepinus, Burchell (Pisces: Claridae), Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2015, pp. 71-76.
Adewolu, M.A., Adeoti, A.J. 2010. Effect of mixed feeding schedules with varying dietary crude protein levels on the growth and feed utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 5, 304-310. DOI:10.3923/jfas.2010.304.310.
Ajah .O. P. 2007. Fish Breeding and Hatchery Management. Jerry commercial production, Calabar, Nigeria. Pp52.
Akinwande, A.A., Moody, F.O., Umar, S.O. 2009. Growth performance and survival of Heterobranchus longifilis, Heterobranchus bidorsalis and their reciprocal hybrids. African Scientist, 10(1), 15-18.
Ataguba, G.A., Annune, P.A., Ogbe, F. G. 2009. Induced breeding and Early Growth of Progeny from crosses between two African Clariid fishes, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) and Heterobranchus longifilis under hatchery conditions. Journal of Applied Biosceiences, 14,755-600.
Ayinla O.A. 1991. Spawning of selected culturable species: In: Ayinla, O.A. (ed.) Proceeding of the fish seed propagation course. African Regional Aquaculture Centre (ARAC), Aluu, Port Harcourt, 14 – 28 August, 1991. Pg 104.
Ayinla O.A, Kayode O, Idoniboye–Obu, Oresegun A, Aidu V.T. 1994. Use of Tadpole meal as substitute for fishmeal in the diet of Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffery St Hillarie 1809). Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, 9, ,25-33
Bruzuska E. 2000. Artificial spawning of carp Cyprinus carpio: difference between the effects on reproduction in females on Polish and Hungarian provenance treated with carp pituitary and D –Ala6, GnRHproNET (Kobarelin). Aquaculture Resources, 31, 457 – 465.
De Leeuw, R., Goods, H.J.T., Richter, C.J.J., Edind, E. H. 1985. Pimozide-LHRHa induced breeding in the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Aquaculture, 44, 229 – 302.
Ekunwe, P.A., Emokaro C. O. 2009. Technical Efficiency of Catfish Farmers in Kaduna Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science Research, 5(7), 802-805.
Francis, T. 1992. Induction of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the freshwater Asian catfish, Clarias macrocephalus by LHRHa and pimozide. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 80, 90-98.
Haniffa M.A, Mohamed Shaik, Merlinrose T. 1996. Induction of ovulation in Channa striatus (Bloch) by SGnRH. Fishing Chines, 23-24
Haniffa M.A. K., Sridhar, S. 2002. Induced spawning of spotted murrel (Channa punctatus) and catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) using human chorionic gonadotropin and synthetic hormone (Ovaprim). Veterinarski Arhiv, 72, 51 – 56.
Kouril, J., Hamackova, J., Barth, T. 1992. Induction of ovulation in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) using GnRH analogues, dopaminergic inhibitor of isophoxythepin and carp pituitary. Zoological section of the Slocac Academy of Sciences, Bratislava. Proceedings of the Ichthyologic Conference, November 4, 1992. Pg 81-85.
Mohammed, A.H., Thangarose, M., Junaity, S. M. 2000. Induced spawning of the striped murrel Channa striatus using pituitary extracts, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone Analogue, and Ovaprim. Acta Ichthyology, 30, 53 – 60.
Ndimele, P.E, Owodiende, F.B. 2012. Comparative reproduction and growth performance of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and its hybrid induced with syntheic hormone and pituitary gland of Clarias gariepinus. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12, 619-626
Nwadukwe, F.O. 1993. Inducing oocyte maturation, ovulation and spawning in African catfish, Heterobranchus longifilis Valenciennes (Pisces: Claridae), using frog pituitary extract. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 24, 625 – 630.
Nwadukwe, F.O., Ayinla, O.A. Abby-Kalio, N. J. 1993. Effect of various doses of Acetone-dried powdered carp pituitary extract and season on hatchery propagation of Heterobranchus longifilis (Val. 1840) Pisces: Claridae. Journal of Aquaculture Tropical, 8, 333 - 340
Nwokoye, C.O., Nwuba, L.A., Eyo, J.E. 2007. Induced propagation of African clariid catfish, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffrey Saint Hillarie, 1809) using synthetic and homoplastic hormones. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6, 2687-2693.
Okoro, C.B, Nwadukwe, F.O. Ibemere, I. 2007. The use of Ovaprim in oocyte maturation and ovulation in Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). African Journal of Applied Zoology and Environmental Biology, 9, 83–84.
Oladosu, G.A., Ayinla, O.A., Adeyemo, A.A., Yakubu, A. F. Ajani, A.A. 1993. A comparative study of the reproductive capacity of the African catfish species Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffery), Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) and their hydrid “Heteroclarias”. ARAC Technical Paper 92, 1 -5.
Olubiyi O. A, Ayinla O.A., Adeyemo A. A 2005. The Effect of Various Doses of Ovaprim on Reproductive Performance of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) and Heterobranchus Iongifilis (Valenciennes). African Journal of Applied Zoology and Environmental Biology, 7, 101 -105
Osuigwe D.I. Erondu E.S.1997. Reproductive Biology of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) in the River Ezu (Southeastern Nigeria). Acta Hydrobiologia, 39, 53 – 60
Richter, C.J.J., Eding, E.H., Goos, H.J., De Leeuw, R.M., Scott, A.P., Van Oordt, P.G.W.J. 1987. The effect of pimozyde/LHRH-a and 17a -hydroxyprogesterone on plasma steroid levels and ovulation in the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus. Aquaculture, 63, 15 –168.
Rottmann, R.W., Shireman, J., Chapman, F.A 1991. Introduction to Hormone – Induced Spawning of Fish. SRAC Publication, No. 421.
Szabo, T., Medgyasszay, C., Horvath, L. 2002. Ovulation induction in nase (Chondrostoma nasus, Cyprinidae) using pituitary extract or GnRH analogue combined with domperidone. Aquaculture, 203, 389 -395,
Tan-Fermin, J.D. and Emata, A.C. (1993). Induced spawning by LHRH-a andpimozide in the catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 9, 86–96.
Viveen, W., Richter, C.J.J., Van, O., Janssen, J., Huisman, E.A. 1986. Practical manual for the culture of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Section for research and technology, Ministry of Development Cooperation. The Hague, Netherlands, P128.